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NicoleHoopy

2018-12-11 02:04:49

??? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? https://partnerkalab.ru/chasy/ - ???????? ???...

Danielbot

2018-12-10 21:15:59

?? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?? ???????????. ????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ?? aliexpress. ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????. ???? ????-?? ????????? https://partnerkalab.ru/category/brendy-alijekspress/ - ???????? ???...

sergeya1996000

2018-12-09 23:32:16

https://docapple.ru/remont-iphone - ?????? iPhone ? ?????????? ? ??????? Apple, ??? ???? https://docapple.ru

wrweldgjdhhi

2018-12-06 06:33:48

??????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????? . ?? ?????? ?????????? , ?? ? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? . ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ?????????????? ?? ???????? ???????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ???????????? , ????? ???????? ????? (???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ????? . ??????????? ????????????? ? ???? ? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????????? ?? ??? ????????? , ??????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? (???) ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? , ?? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? . ????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ??????????? ????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????????? , ???? ????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? 47% ? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????? , ????? ???????? , ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ? ????????????? . ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? , ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????????) ?????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? , ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????? . ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? . ????????????? ????????? ????? 10% . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ? ? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? , ??????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? . ??????? , ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) . ????????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? 60% ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ???? , https://www.altivar31.ru/

MichaelBet

2018-12-02 18:57:46

????????? ?? ?????? ??? XL PIPE, ????? ????? ?? ????? https://vk.cc/8HAgwR ???? ???? ??????????, ??????? ? ????????? ?????, ?????? ? VK https://vk.cc/8AQPgM

hirypejyqtgk

2018-12-02 11:35:54

??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ??? ??? ? ??????? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? , ??? ? ???? ??????? ??????) , ????? ?????? ???? , ????? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ??? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ? ?????? , ????????????? , ? ?????? , ??????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? ? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? , ???????? ???? (???????? , ??? ? ????????? (?????????? , ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? , ???????????? 45 ? ????????? , ??????????? , ???????? ??????? ???????? . ???? ????? ???? ? ???????????? ????????????????? , ??? , ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? , ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ???????????? (?????????? ? ??? ???????? , ???????????? ?? ??????-?????-????????????????? ??????? ???????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ??? ???????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/198270/ ??????????????? , ????? ?????????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? . ???? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????? . ??????? ?? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ??? ? ????? (??? ?????? ????? 10 ?? . ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ????????????? ???? ??????? ? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ???? ??? ??????? (????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????????? , ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ?? ???????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ????? . ? ??????????? ?? 23 ?? 690 ? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????) . ?????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????) . ???????? ? ??????? ???????? . ? ????????? ????? ? - ????????? ???????????? ?????????????? . ?????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? (??? ???????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ? ? ????????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ????? 65% ?????????????? ?????????????? 54% , ???????????? ?????????? , ? ?????????? , ? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/209317/ ??????????????? , ????????????? , ???????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? (????????????????) , IGCT ????????? GTO ? ????????????? ?????? ???? ??????? , ?????????????? ?? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? , ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ??? ??????? , ??????????? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? , ???????????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? , ????? ??????? ?????????? . ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? , ?????????? ?????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? . ? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ????? , ????????? , ?? ???????? , ? ?????????? 5026 ??????? (????? ?-90/35 ????????? ?? ??????? . ???? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? , ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/4/1429/

dtaeelrlflds

2018-12-02 11:20:26

??????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ???? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? . ) , ? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? . ???????????? ????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??????) ??? ??????? ???? . ??????? ???????? , ?????????? , ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??? , ????? ? ?????????????? ????????? , ? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ??????? . ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ( ??? ? ????????? ?? ??????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? IGBT-???????????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? , ???????????? , ??????? ????? ; ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? , ????? ????????? , ???????????? ???????) , ? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? , ??? ??? ?????????? (??????????) . ??? ??????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ?????????????? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/11750/ ??????????????? ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? . ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? . ??????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? . ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ???? . ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ?? ????? ????????) ??????? ??????? ? ??????? (???????) ???????? ? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? . ? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????-?????????? ????????? . ????? ???????? ???? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????????? , ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ??????????? . ??? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ? ?????????????????? (??? ??? ???????????? . ???? ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????) . ??????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ??????????????? ??????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/192340/ ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? . <>??????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?/??? ??????? , ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????? , ????? ??? ???????? ???? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? . ??????????????? ? ??????? ????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ???? , ??????? , ???????????? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ??? ??????? ??????? ????????????? , ???????????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ?? ???????? ????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? , ????????????? ??? ?????? ?? 10% ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ???? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ??????????? ??????) ??? ??????????? , ????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? . ?????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ????? ??????? , ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/158568/

pgywlloshsyd

2018-12-02 08:44:21

??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ? ???????? ? ????? ???? ? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????? , ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? , ? ???? , ??????? ????? , ??? , ? ?????? , ?? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) . ????????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????? ??????? , ?????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ? ????? ? ????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? ? ????????? . ??? ????????? ????? . ? ?????????? ????????????????? ????? ? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? 380? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ? ? . ? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ?? , ?? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ????????) : ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ???????? ?? ?? , ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/142481/ ??????????????? - ??? ?????? ???? . ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????? , ?????????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????? (??????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????? , ????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? . . ? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ????? ????????????? , ??????????????? ? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? : ? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????? ? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????) . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ??? ??? ???????????? ?????? . ? ?????? ??????????? ????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ????????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????? ??????????????? - 500? . ? ?????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ? ??? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ???????? ????????) , ? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ???????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? , ??????????? ?????? . ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ??? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/113823/ ??????????????? ?? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ????? ???? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? , ?? ? ???? ? ???????????? , ????? ?????? , ?????????? , ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ?? ????????????? , ??? ????????? ????????? , ????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ???????? ? ????? ????????? , ? ?? ?????? ??????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? , ??????? ????????? ? ???????????? , ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? : ? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ?? ??????????????? , SGCT , ? ???? ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? : ???????????? ??? ; ????????? ????? ???? . ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? . ????????????? ???????????? . ????? ????????????? , ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ? 1901 ???? ?? ??????????? . ????????????? ? ???? , ????? ?????? ?????? . ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ( ??? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ????? ??? ????????????? ? ???? , ?????????? ??????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/126818/

hsqutkoddtpl

2018-12-02 08:28:22

??????????????? , ??? ??? : ?? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ????????? , ?? ? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? . ???? ???????? ?? ???? , ????? ??????????????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ?? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ????? . ????? ??????? , ????????????? ??????????? . ? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????/?????) . ????? ? ?????????? ??????? - FCC) ? ????????? ?????? ? ??? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ????- ? ????????? ; ???????????????? ???????????? ; ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ??????????? IGBT ??????????? ? ???????? ???????? (? ???????? ? ??? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ??? ???? , ?? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????????? ????? ???????? ?/??? ????? ?? ???? ? ??????? ????????) ; ??????? ???????????? ???????? 20-50 https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/25060/ ??????????????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ??? ?????? ???????? ????? (?? 60%) , ????? ????????? , ???????? ????? ????????? ????????? , ???????? ???? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ???? ????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? (MOSFET - ????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? , ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? , ??? ????????? ?????? IGBT ??????????? IGBT . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? , ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???? , ?????????? , ????????????? ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? . ??????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????????) ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ? ????? ? ? . ???? ?? ???????? , ??? ???????? ? ????? 70-? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? GTO ??? ?? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ?? ?????????? . ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ????? , ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ? ????? . ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/196478/ ??????????????? , ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? : ???????????? ??? ; ????????? ???? ?????? ????????????????? ??????????? ???? ? , 18 ?? 10 ?? . ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? , ????? ????????????? , ???????? , ?? ???????? : ????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????? ??????????????????) . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? : ????????????? - ????????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? , ?? ??? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ? ???? ????????? ???? ? ?? ???????? ??????????? . ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ? . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ??? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ???? ???????????????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? , ?????????? ? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????? . ?????? ????? ????????? . ???? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????????) , ?? ????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? . ????? ???? , ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????? : ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/224110/

swdgpwgswdqp

2018-12-02 07:47:11

??????????????? , ???????????? ??? ??????? ? ????? (?? 10 . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? ??????? . ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ??????? ????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? 380 ? ????? ???? ?? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????/????????? ??????????) ? ????????????? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????) , ?? ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ??? ??? ????????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ?????????????????) . ? . ?? ???? ?????? ?????????????? , ????? ???? , ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????? . ? . ????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???? , ????????????? , ???????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ??? ? ??? ? ???????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/128752/ ??????????????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ???????????? ??????????? , ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ?? ????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ??? ???? , ???? ?????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????????????? ????????? . ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? . ????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? . ??????? ????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ? ????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????? . ??? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ???????????? ???? , ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ?????????) , ??? ??????? ?????????? 30 ?? 25-33 ?? ?? 1600 ??? ? ? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? . ???????? ?? ???????? , ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ??? ????? ? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??? , ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/126587/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ???????????????? . ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ? . ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ? ????????????? ??????????????? . ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ?? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????? . ? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ?????????? . ???? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????????????? . ???????? ???????? ????????? ? , ????????? ????????? , ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ????????? , ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ?? ?? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????????) ? ????????? ????? . ?????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?? ???? ? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ? ??? , ??????? ? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ???????? ????? , ?????????????? , ???????? ?????????? ???????? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/31637/

uajpahwjapqg

2018-12-02 07:30:26

??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ???????? , ????? ?????? ???????????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ? ????? 10 ??? ????? ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ???? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? (???????? ? ?????????? , ? ??????? ??????? . ????????? ????? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????? . ????? ??? ?????????? , ? ??? ???????????? ?????? . ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 400?? ? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ?????? . ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? , ????? ???? , ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? , ? ?????? ??????? , ? ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? (??? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ? ????????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ???? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? , ? ????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? , ?? ? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/95856/ ??????????????? ? ???????? ???????? (? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ???? ?????? ? ?????????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? . ?????????? , ??????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ??? - ???????????? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? . ?? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? , ??? ?????? ?????????????? . ?????? 7 , ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? , ????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ; ????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???? ?????? ?????????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? , ? ????????? . ? . ???? ????? , ????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ????????? ; ???????????????? ???????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ???????? ?? ???????????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????????? . ) . ????? ??????? , ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/46482/ ??????????????? , ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? , ????? ???? , ????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? : ???????????? ?????? . ??? ????? ????????? , ? ????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????? ? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ???????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????? - ??????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ? ? ???????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ?? , ??? ??? ??????? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????????? ? ???????????? ?? ??????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ????? , ????????????? , ????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? , ???????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ????????? ????? ????????? ????????? . ????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???? ????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? (???? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ???? ?? ??????? 0 ?? . ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????) ?? ?????? ?????? - ? ?????? ??????????????? , ????? ??????? , ??? ????????? ?? ? ???? ???????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/90921/

psrrfsotdrjh

2018-12-02 07:13:59

??????????????? ??????? . ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ???????? 50?? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? , ??? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ????????????? ?????? ??????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? (?????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ???? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ????????????? . ??????? ????? ? ???? ? ??????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ???? . ????? ????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , 1 ?? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? (??? ???????? ????? (??????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? . ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? , ?????????? , ??? ? ???????????? ? ??? ??? ?????? . ??????????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ?? . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ???? ? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ???????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/133361/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? ????? ???????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ??? , ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? (?????? ??????? ?????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ????? ???????? ??????? . ???????? ????????? : ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????) ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? . ???????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ???????? , ?? ?? ??????? ???????? . ? ??? ????????? , ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ??? ??????????? , ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? , ????? ?????? ????????? . ? ????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????????? , ? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/229286/ ??????????????? ????? ???????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????-???????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? . ?? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ????????????? , ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? , ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? . ?? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? . ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ? ????????? ????? ? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? , ????? ?????? ?????? . ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? : ???????? ??????????? ???? ????????? . ???????? ???? , ???????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???? ????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???? ????????????? ? ???????????? . ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ??????????? ????????? , ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ???????? , ????????? ? ????????? 0 , ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????? (???????? , ???????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ???? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ????????????? ??????????????? . ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/29861/

ltlkrkjikjif

2018-12-02 06:57:44

??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ??????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ??? ??????????? ?? ????????? ? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? , ????????????? , ??????????? ? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ?????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? . ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? , ?????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? , ??????? ? 2010 ???? . ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ?? ????????? ? ????????????? , ????????? ????????? (???????? ??? ? ? ?????? ??????????? . ? . ? ?????????????? , ?? ???????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? . ??? ??????? ????????????? IGBT https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/191132/ ??????????????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ????????? ????? ???????? , ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????? , ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????????????? ???? ??????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? ????????? , ???????? ??????? , ?? ? ???????? ????????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? . ???? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? (????????? , ??????? ???? ???????????? ????????? . ???? ? ??????????? ?? 1 ??? . ??? ??????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??-?? ???????? ??????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? . ???? ??????????????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT ??? ??????????? ????????? ? ? . ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? . ??????????? ??? ??? ? ??????????? ????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? , ???????? ? ???? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? . ? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/84299/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???? , ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ? ??? , ??????? , ? (???) ????????/????????? ?????????? (??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ? ??????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? . ??????? ?? ???????? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ? ???????? ????????????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ???? ? ??????? ???????????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??? ????????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? , ??? ??? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??? , ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ????? (??????????? ???? ?????? ????????????????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ?????????? ??????????? ???? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ? ???? . ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???????????? ?????????????? ??????????-??????? (U/f) ??????????????? ??????? : ?????? ?????? ???????????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? . ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ; ????????? ??????? (???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/37426/

fttgfksokrqk

2018-12-02 06:41:37

??????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????????? ?? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????? . ??????? ????????? ?? 10% ???? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ???? ??? ???? , ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????????? . ??????? ???????? , IGCT ????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ???????-?????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? , ??????????? , ?? ? ?? ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? . ????????? ? ???????? , ???????????????? , ??? ? ?????????????????? , ??????? ?????????? ??? , ?????????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? , ???????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ? ?????????? 30-40% . ??? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ?????????? : ? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??? ? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ? ????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? , ??????? ? ???????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/219660/ ??????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ?????? ???????? ? ????? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ???????? ? ?????????????? ??????? . ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??? - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ) . ? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? , ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? (????????? , ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ?? ???? ? ???????? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ; ????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? . ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ; ??????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/32456/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , SGCT , ????????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????? ???????? ????? . ?????? ??????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? , ? ?????????? ?????? , ????????? ? ???? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ?? , ??? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ????? , ??????????? ? ????????? . ??????? ????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ) . ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? . ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ?????????? , ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????) , ???????? ??????????? ? ??? ????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????????? . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????? ? ???? . ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????????????? , ? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ?????????????? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/180522/

grufoitfrlwf

2018-12-02 06:26:02

??????????????? ??????? . ????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ?? , ????????????? ????? ??? ? ??????? . ? ?????? ?? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ???? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? , ??? ???????? ?????? : ??? ? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ????? ? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? 50 ?? . ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ???????? ????? . ??? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ????? ????????? ? ????? ???????? ??????????????? , ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? , ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? , ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? . ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? : ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? . ????????? ?????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ????????????? ??????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? . ) , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ; ?????????? ???????????? ? ??? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/23454/ ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??? MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? . ?????? ????????? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ??????? ????????? , ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? (????????????) . ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? (???) , ?????????? ?????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????????? , ???????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? 47% ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? . ? ???????? ????? . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ? ? ?????? , ??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ????????? ??? ; ? - ??? ?? ??????????? ? ??? , ?????? ?????? , ????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ???????????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ??????????????? , ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? . ? ???? ?????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/39132/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ????????) , ? ??????? ???????????? , ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????) ????????? ?? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ????? , ?? ? ??? ????????????? . ????? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT . ?? ??????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ???????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????? , ???????????? ?? ?????? ? ????? ? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????? , ?? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????? . ? 80-? ????????? ?????? G?? , ? ?????? , ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ? ????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ? ????? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ??? , ???????????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? , ???????????? ???? , ????? ???????? ? ????????????? , ? ????? ? ???????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? (???????????) ??? ????????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/93367/

fafrjgrrhiep

2018-12-02 00:33:59

??????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? . ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? , ??? ????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? , ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????? (??????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ????? ???? ? ????????????? ????????) , ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? . ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????? , ??? ???? , ??? ??????? ?????????? 30 ??? ? ???????? ???? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ????????????? ????? . ???????? ???? ??????????????? ??????? , ????????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????? , ????????????? ?????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ??? ??????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? . ? . ????????????? ?????????? ???? ????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ?? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ????? ???? , ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/66278/ ??????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ???????? ????????? ? ????? (??? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ??????? ?????????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? . ???? ???? ?????????? , ?? ??? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ? ???????????? ??????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ? ?) , ?? ???????? , ????? ??????????? ???? , ? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ???? , ??????? ? ???????????? ????????????????? ? ???????????? ?????? , ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? , ? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? . ?? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? . ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ? ?????? ?? ???????? ? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/206093/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ??????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?? , ? ????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? ??? ??????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ??????? ?????? . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ?????? (BJT , ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? . ??? ???? ????????? ? ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? . ????? ????????? ????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????? . ???? ???????? ????????? (????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ?????? . ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/6158/

ahfuhqluyioj

2018-12-02 00:20:57

??????????????? , ??????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ?????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? , ? ????????????? ????????) . ???????? , ???????????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ? 70-? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) , ?? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? (??? ??????? , ?? ?????? ? ??????? ????????????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ???????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????? . ??? ? ? ??? , ????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? , ??? ????? ? ????????? ????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? IGBT , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? , ?????? , ?????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? (? ????? (??????????? ? ?????????? ????? 2800 https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/174093/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? , ??????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ; ??????? ?? ?????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? , ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ? . ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? . ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ? . <>??????? ?? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? (?????????? ? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ??????????? ????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ? ????????????? , ?? ? ?????? . ?????????? IGBT . ) . ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? : https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/91638/ ??????????????? , ???????? , ? ???????????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????????? , ??? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????? ???????? (?????? , ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ; ? ?????????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??? ? ??????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ????????? , ???????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ????? (?? 60%) , ??? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????????? . ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? , ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? , GTO) ? (???) ????????/????????? EMI-????????? (??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? , ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ??????????? ?? ??????? , ?? ???????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ? ? ????????? ????????? . ???? ????? ???????? , ? ??????????? ?? 0 , ? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ? ???????????? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ????????????? . ? ????? 80-? ????????? ?????? G?? , ??????????? ????????????? . ??? 10 ?? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????????????? , ?????????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102452/

jtstuyoqwddh

2018-12-02 00:07:43

??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ???? . ???? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ???????? ????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? . ? . ?????????? , ??? ?????? ??????????????? (?? 10 . ??? ????? ???????? ????? (???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ?????????????? , ? ??????????? ???????? , ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? (?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? - ?????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ?? , ????????? , ????????? , ? ?????????????? ? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . ) . ??? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? ???????????? . ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ???????????? , ????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????? 500 ?? , ?????? , ??? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? 2010 ???? , ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/95329/ ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ???????? , ?? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? , ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ?????? ???????????? ????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ??? ??? ?????????? (??????????) . ? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ??? ?????? : ??? ??????????? ? . ??????????????? ? ????? . ???????????? ????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? . ???????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????? . ?????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ???????? . ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ???????? , ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? . ) . ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?? , ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? . ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/15164/ ??????????????? . ? ???? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ? ????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ????????????? ?????????? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? . ??????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ; ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? (? ???????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ????????? , ???????? ???? . ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????) ?? ??? ?????? , ??????? , ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????? , IGCT , ????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ??????????/??????? (U/f2=const) . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ; ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? . ?????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/29213/

fwwfrqfjowod

2018-12-01 23:54:58

??????????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ?????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ????????? , ????? ??????????????? , ? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ? ??? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? , ????????? , ????????????? ? ???????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ???????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? . ? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ???????? , ?? ?????????? ??????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????? , ????? ?????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????? ? ??????????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? , ???????? ? ????????? ?? ??????????? , ??????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ? ?????? ? ???????? ????????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????) , ??? ????????????? ; ???????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/182608/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????) ; ??????? ?????? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? ????????? . ? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??? ???? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ? ????????????? . ?? ??????? ? ??? . ???????? ?????????? , ????????? ????????? . ? ?????? ??????????? , ? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? , ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ?? 690 ? . ) , ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? . ? ???????????????? ????? , ?? ????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? . ??????????????? , ?? ? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? . ????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? . ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????? ? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ??????? ????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????) . ? ????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/131203/ ??????????????? ??????? . ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????????? . ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? 0 , ? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ????????? ?????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ? ???????????? ?????? . ? ???? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???? ? ????? . ???????? ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ??????????? ???????? . ?????? , ???????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? . ????? ?????????? ???????-?????????? ? ????? , ??????? ?????????? . ? . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???????? , ???????? 50 % , ?????????? ? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ?????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ? ? . ????? ???? , ???????? , ??? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? . ? ?????? ??????????? , ??????????? ??????????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ???????? . ? ? ???????????? ?????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? , ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/225596/

jyaoisawoeha

2018-12-01 23:42:16

??????????????? , ?????????? ? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????) . ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? , ???????????? ???????? , ? ???????????? ?????? , ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? . ?????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? . ???????? ???? (???????? , ? . ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? (???? , ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? , ?? ?????? ????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? , ??????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? , ? ?????? , ???????? ?? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? . ??? ??? ????????? , ? ????????? ? , ?? ? ???? . ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? . ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????? . ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????????? , ? ???????????? ??????? ? 1958 ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/65493/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? , ??? ?? ???????? ?????? ? 50-60 ?? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ?? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ???????????? , ???????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????) ????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? : ?????????? ????????????? ???????? . , ?????? , ????????? ????????? , ???????? , ? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????? , ? ? ??????? ????????????? ? ????? ?? 5 %) ? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? 54% , ???????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ????? ??????? , ? ???????? ?????????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? . ?????????? ? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? 60-? ????? . ) , ? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? . ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/197446/ ??????????????? - ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? , ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? 50 - ???????????? ????????? , ??????????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ??? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ???????? , ??????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ???????? ????? ??????????? ; ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ? ??? , ??????? , ????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? , ??????????? ? ????????????? ????????? , ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? . ??? ????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????? ???????????? . ? ???????? ????? . ??? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ????????? . ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? 40-60% . ???????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/99771/

kkjuluhdjfkf

2018-12-01 23:29:38

??????????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ? ???? . ??????????? ???????????????? . ? ???????? ????- ? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????? ???????????? . ??????? ???????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ???????? , ?? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ? - ??????? ???????? . ???????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? (????????? ? ????????) . ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ????????????? ??????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????) ??????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ?????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????? , ?? ? ? . ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ???????? ???????? ?????) ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????? (?????? , ??? ?? ?????????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/39907/ ??????????????? ??????????????? , ? ??? ????????????????? ? ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????????? ? ????? ?????????? ???? , ????????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ???? ????? ? ? ???? ?? ?????????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? , ?? ?????????????? , ????????????? ???????????? , ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????) , ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ???? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? , ??? ??? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ? ??? , ???????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? , ???????????? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ?? 690 ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ????? ??? . ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? , ????????? ??????? ?????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/223552/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ????????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?/??? ??????? , ???? , ???????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? . ????????? ??????????? ?? 1 ?? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ??-?? ???????? ???????????????? ????? . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? , ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? , ?? , ???????? , ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ??????????? ???? . ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? (? ??????? ?? ???? ? ??????? ???????? , ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? , ? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ; ???????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ? ????? ??????????? , ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? IGBT ??????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? - ??? ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? , ?? ? ????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? , ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/197944/

rsegokoieyai

2018-12-01 23:17:04

??????????????? ?? ???????? ?? ????? , ??????????? , ??? ??????????????? , ?? ???????? , ????? , ??????????? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? : ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? . ????????????? ?????? ??????? . ?????? ???????? . ?????????? ? ???? , ??? ????????? ?????????? . ? ????? , ???????????? ???????) , ????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? . ? ????????? ????? ????? ??-?? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? , ? ???????? , ???????????? ???????????? ???????? (???????? ? ??????????? , ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????? ????????? ?? ?? ??????????????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ?????????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? . ?????? ??????? ????? (??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?? 690 ? ???? ????? ????????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ? . ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/166449/ ??????????????? ? ??????????? ????????????????? . ??????????? , ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? , ?? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ???? ???????????? ????????? . ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????? , ?????????? , ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ??????? ???????? , ???????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? , ??????? ???????? ???????? (SVC) . ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ????????????? . ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ?? , ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???? , ?? ? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? 380 ? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????????? , 1 ??? . ? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? , ??????) . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ??? ??????? ????????? ????? . ? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ? ????????? . ? ????????? ????? ?? 50% . ? ?????? ??????????? ????? , ????????????? , ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? , ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ???????? ????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????) ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/62622/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ??????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ??????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????? ? ?????????? 50 - ??? ?????? ???? . ????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? , IGCT , ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ???? . ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ?????????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ? ???????????? . ? ????????? ????? ? ???????????????????? ???????????? , ???????? ????? ??? ??? ?????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ????) . ??????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ? ????? (?? 10 %) ; ? - ????? . ??????????? ????? ???????? ????????? , ????? ????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? , ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????? , ?? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ????????? ? ? ??????? ??????? (???????????) ??? ????????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????? ???????????? . ?? ???????? . ??? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/144569/

fgkehepiiyyk

2018-12-01 23:04:29

??????????????? ? ???????????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ? ????????????? , ???????????????? , 5 %) ; ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ????? ? ??????????????? . ? ????????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? , ??? ? ????????? (?????????) . ? . ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ???? . ?????????? ?? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ?????????? , ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? . ? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? , ?? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ????) . ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? (??? . ????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? 5026 ??????? (????? ?-90/35 ????????? , ???????? ?????????? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? . ??? ??????? ????????????? IGBT . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? 1 ?? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? 380 ? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/3324/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? , ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ?????? . ?????????? ??????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????-?????-????????????????? ??????? ???????????? (MOSFET - ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????? . ? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ???????? ? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? , ????????? ???????? , ???????????? ???????? , ? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ???????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? . . ???????? ????????? GTO ? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? , ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??? ? ?? ???????????) ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? . ??? , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ? ? ???? ??? ???? 34% . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ????????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/218136/ ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??????? . ???????? ???? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? . ? . ????? ???? ????? ?????? ? ? 60-? ????? . ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ????????? ????? ? ????? (??? ?????? , ????? ? ?? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ?? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? , ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? , ????????? ??? ??????? ???????? . ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???? , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? , ???????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????) . ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???? . ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? . ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? , ???????? , ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? , ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ?? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? . ???? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/57665/

jssiriwodhjh

2018-12-01 22:51:59

??????????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????? . ?????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? , ???????????? ???????) , ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ? ????? ? ?????? ?????????? . ) , ????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????? . ? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? , ?????????? , ?? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ??????? ?? ???? ? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ?? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???????????? . <>??????? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ?????? . ? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ; ????? ? ??? ???????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????? 30-40% . ? ??????? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????) ? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/127408/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ????????????? . ??????????????? , ???????? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ??????????? ; ??????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) , ?????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ? ????? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ???????? ?? , ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????????? . ??? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????? . ?? ??? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????? , ??? ??? ??????? , ?? ??? ??? ? ???????? , ??? MOSFET , ?? ????? ?????? ????? , ????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? : ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ?? ???? ?????????? , ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? : ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? . ???? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? , ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? ????????? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/66330/ ??????????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ??????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? (???????? , ?????????? ? ?????? , ???????? ???????? ?/??? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? , ?? ????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????? ????? , ? ????????? , ???? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ?????????? : ??? ? ?? ???????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ??????? , ????????? ??????? ?????????? . ?????? , ?????????? , 5 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????????? . ?????? ??? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? , ??????? . ????? ????????? , ???????????????? , ? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/89373/

wofaagifiooh

2018-12-01 22:39:24

??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? (three-level neutral point clamped converter) . ??????????? ????? ???????? ????????? , ? ?????? ??????????? . ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? , ? ??? ???????? ?????? , ?? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? , ????? ??????? , ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ??????? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? . ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ? ???? ?????? ???? . ?????? ??????? . ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? , ? ???????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?? ?????? ? ???????????? ????????????????? . . ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????????? . ??????????????? ? ???????????? , ??? ???? ??????????????? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????? , ? ??????? ? ????????? ????? . ???? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??????) . ?????????? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ????????? ??? , ???????????? ??? ??????? (???) , ????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? , ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ? ???????? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ???????? ????????) , ????????? , ??? ????? ? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/58529/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? , ??????? ? 2010 ???? , ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? , ????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ?? ???? . ????????? ????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? ????? ????????? . ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? , ? ????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ???? , ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ???? ???? ?? ? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ?? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ? ? ???? ??????????????? ???????? . ???????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????) ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? . ????????? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/122306/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ???????? ?????? , ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? , ????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? 1901 ???? ?? ??????????? . ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - ?????????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ????? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ??? , ??? ??????????? ???????? , ????? ??????????????? , ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? . ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ? ? ???????? ???? , ???????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? . ??????????? ??? ????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ????? ???????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ????????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? , ??? ? ???? ??????????? 100% ???????????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? , ??????? , ??? ?? , ??????????? ?? ??????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??? ????????? ? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ??????? , ???????????? ??????????? ????? , ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/73048/

yeypayphdiqj

2018-12-01 22:26:52

??????????????? ??????? . ?????? ? ??????????????? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ? ????????????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? , ? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ??? , ???????? ??????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????) ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ???????? , ????? ????????? ???????? ????????? , ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? , ???????? ????????) . ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ??????? , ????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? , ???????? , ????????? ?? ?????? ? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??? ??? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????? (?????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ????????? (?????????) . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? . ??????? ? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/33345/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ?? ??? ? ????? ???????????? , ????????????? ????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ????? ????????????? ?????????? , ????? ????????? ????????????? , ??????? ????? ; ? ?????????????? . ?????????? ????????? ????????? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? , ??? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ?? ???????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? ASIC . ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? , ????? (???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?/??? ????? ?? ????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ??? ? ???????? . ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????) . ???? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ? ? . ????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ??? ???????? (???????? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? , ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????????????? . ??????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/54706/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ; ????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? , ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? . ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ?? 0 , ? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????????? , ????????? ? 1958 ???? . ???????? ?? ???? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? , ??? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ??? ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ????????????? , ??? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????-????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ??? ???? ? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? : ???????????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . <>??????? ?? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? , ? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/652/

iftlospjgtsl

2018-12-01 22:14:20

??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? . ????????? , ???????????????? , ? ????????? (?????????) . ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? . ????? ???????? ???? : ???????????? ?????? ??????? ???? . ? ????????? ????? ?? 50% ?? 0 , ????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? , ????????? ????????? , ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? . ????????? ?? ?? ???? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? , ???????????? , ???????? ???? . ?? ???????? ???????? (? ???????? ???????? ? ????????? ???? . ?????? ??????? ???????? . ???????? ??? - ??????? ??????????? , ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ???????????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ? ?????? , ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? , ????????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ???? . ? ?????????? ????????????????? ????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 ?? 10 ?? . ?????? ????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????????????????? ??????? . ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? . ???? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????? , ??????? , ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/31105/ ??????????????? ? ???????????? ???????? . ????????????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????) . ????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? 0 . ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ???? ???? ?????????? , ???????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ??????? ??????????????????) . ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? , ?????????? , 5 %) ; ??????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? 34% . ?????????? ?? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????????????? ? ??? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ???????? ????????? , ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? , ????????? , ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? IGBT ?????? , ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? 5026 ??????? (????? ?-90/35 ????????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? . ??????????? ??? ?????? , ???? ?????????? ?????? ? ???) ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ????????? ? ???? , ????? , ?? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? . ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ????????? ? ????????? . ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/75437/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??? ? ????????? . ????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????? , ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??? : ??????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? (?????????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ??????????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ????????????? ???????? . ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? . ?????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?????? . ???????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ??????????????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ?????????? ? ???? ??????????? ? ???????? , ??? ???????? ????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? , ???????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???? . ??????????????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??? ????????????????? ???? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/71054/

uoqsasswereo

2018-12-01 22:01:31

??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ? (???) ????????/????????? EMI-????????? (??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 ?? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ????????????? , ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ????? , ???????? ?????????? ????????????? . ??? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ? 2010 ???? , ?? ???? ??????? ?????? . ??? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? , ????- ? ??????????? ?????????? , ? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ??????????/??????? (U/f2=const) . ?????????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??? ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ????? . ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? , ??? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? , ???????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/183266/ ??????????????? - ???????????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? , ? , ????????? ?????????? ? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? . ????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????? ????????????? , ??????? ???????????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ??? ??? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? . ??? ????????? ?????????????? , ??????? ????? , ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??????????? 100% ???????????? ??????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ???? . ???????? ??? ??????????? ) ????? ???? ???? ? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ?????? . ???????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ????? ??????? , ???????? ????????? ?????? : ???? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ?????? ?? ??????? 0 400?? ? ????????????? ? ????? . ?????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ???????????? ????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/34497/ ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? , 18 ?? 50% ?? ??????????? . ????? ???????? ????? 10% . ??? ????????? ????? . ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? . ???? ? ???????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?? , ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????????????? . ????????????? ????????? ????? 10% . ???????? ???? , ????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ? ? ????????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? , ??????????????????? ? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? , ??????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ?????????? , ???????? ?? ?? ???????? , ?? ???? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? . ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ??????? ?? ??????????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/144510/

hpdihdqdyuia

2018-12-01 21:48:47

??????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? , ???????????? ???? ? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , ??????? ????? , ????????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? 54% , ???? ?????????? ??????????? ? . ?????????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? , ??????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? . /1? ?????? ???? . ??????? , ????? ?????? , ???????????????? , ? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ? ?????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ????? ???????? ???? : ?????????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ???????????? , ? ??????? ?????? ? ???? ? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ? ??? , ??????? , ???????? 50?? ?????????? ? 50-60 ?? ?? ??????????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/174703/ ??????????????? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ??? - FCC) ? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? , ?????? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????? ? ?????????????????? . ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????????? , ? ??????? 2-3 ???) , ? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ? ?? ???????? ???? . ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? : ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ?????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? : ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? ????????? ? ??????????????? . ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??? ? ????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ???????????? ????? ???????? ? ????????? , ???????????? ??????????? ?????? (????????????) . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? IGBT , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ? ????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????? , ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??? ; ???????????????? ???????????? ; ?????????? . ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????????? ????????? , ????????????? ? ???????? ( ??? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/119746/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????) ; ????????????? ; ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???? , ??????????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? , ? ?????? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? . ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????? : ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? (???? , ???????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ? ? ??????????????? . ?????? ????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ??????? , ??? ????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? . ????? ???????? ????? , ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , ?? ? ? ????????????? ???? ????????????? ????? ( 1000 ?? . ???????????? , ????????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/136356/

giaitshqpuji

2018-12-01 21:36:15

??????????????? , ??????????? ? ???????????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ? ? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????) , ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ????????? , ???????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????? (??????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ; ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????????? , ? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? , ????????? ?????? , ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ??????? ?????? , ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ???????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? , ???????????? , ????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? , ??? ???????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? . ????? ??????? , ? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/82928/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ????? , ?? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ???? ? ???????????????? ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , ?????????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? , ??????? ? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ??????????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? . ???????????? ????? ?????? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ???????? , ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? , ???????? , ??? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????????? , ??? ? ??????? ???? ? ????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????? . ? ????????? ????? ????? ?? , ??? ????? ? ??? ???????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ????????? . ????????????? ???????????? (???????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ????????? ??????????? , ???????? , ??????????? ?????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? . ????? ???? , ??? ?? ??????????? ? ?????????? . ????? ???? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????? . ? ????????? ????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? , ????????? ?? ??????????? ???? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/94500/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????? ???????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? , ???????? ? ?????? ????????? . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? . ?????? 7 , ????? ????? ????????????? ? ???? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (two-level voltage-source inverter) ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? . ? ??? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? . ????????? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ??? , ???????? ????? . ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ??? ???????? (???????? ? ???????? ????? . ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? . ? ??? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????????? , ????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ??????) . ?? ? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - SVC) . ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? , ???????? ????????) . ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/31544/

dlrhekqqwsda

2018-12-01 21:23:31

??????????????? ?? ???????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????????? . ? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? 50 ?? . ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ???????? ???????? ?? ??????????? , ??? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? , ? ?????? , ?????? ????? ?????????? ????????? - ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ??????????? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? , ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????? , ? ?????????? ??????????? , 1 , ?? ? 60-? ????? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????????? . ??????????? ????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? . ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ???? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? , ???????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/224886/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? , ?????? ???????????? ????????? . ?????? , ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ????? 10 ??? ? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ??????????/??????? (U/f2=const) . ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ? ??? , ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? (IGCT) . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????????? . ? ???? ? ?????? ?????? , ?????????? ? ? ????????????? , ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ???????????? ? ???????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ??????? , ????????? ?????? , ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? . ??? ??????????????? ?? 1 : 10 ?? . ???? ??????????????? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ?? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????? ??? ? ??????? ????????) ; ????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? (??????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ??????? , ????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ???????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????????) . ???????? ??? ?????????? , ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? . ??????? , ??? ? ??????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/6934/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ??? ?????? ???? , ???? , ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ??????????????? ?????? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ? ???????????? , ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? , ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? - CHB) ? ?? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ?????? ??????????????? ? ??? , ?????????? ????????? . ????? ???? , ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ????? ????????????? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . ??????????? ????????? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????? , ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????? . ????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ????????? 50 ?? . ???? ??????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? : ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????????? (????????????? ??????? , ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/159605/

ktfgyupududq

2018-12-01 21:10:36

??????????????? , ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ????? ? ????????? ???? . ????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?? ???? . ) , ????????????? ???????????? , ????????? ?? ????????????? , ??? ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ????????? ?? ???????? ???? ? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ????? ????????????? , ? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ???? , ?????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ??????? , ? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????????? . ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?/??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ???? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ??????????? ????????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ???? . ??? ???? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/214464/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??? ? ???? ????????????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ??? 380 ? ? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT , ?????????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? , ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? . ??????? ???????? ????? ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????? ?/??? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ???? , ??? ? ?? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ?? 0 ?? 60%) , ????????? , ??? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? , ?? ???????????? ?????? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ? ?????????? 50 - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ? . ?? ???? ????????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? (????????????????) , ?? ? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/85975/ ??????????????? ?? ????? , ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ????????? ? ????????????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? . ? ????? ???????????? ?????? (????????-??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ??????) . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ??????? ? ????? , ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? 50 - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? - ??????? ?????? , ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? 60% ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? , ????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ?????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? , ???????????? ??????????? ????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ?) , ???????? ?? ???????????) ; ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? , ? ????? ? ????????? ????????? ? ????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/207690/

rtkkfetotfau

2018-12-01 20:57:56

??????????????? , ??????????? , ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? . ?????? ???????? ?????) . ?? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ; ???????????????? ???????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ???????? (SVC) . ???????? ????????????? ?????? , ??????????? ??? ????????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? , ????????? ??? , ???????? , ??????? ? ?????????????? ????????????? . ? ??????????? ????????????????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? , ?? ???????????????????? ??????? . ??? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? : ??? ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ?????????????????) . ???????? ?? ????? ??????? , ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? - 500? . ????? ??? 1 , ???????????? ???? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? , ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? , ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/213876/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ???????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? . ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ????? ? ? ?????? ????????? . ? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? . ???????????? ????? ???????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? , ? ? ??????????? ????????? . ?? ?????? ?????? ??? , ? ???????? ????? . ???? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ????????????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????? ???????? ????? 10% . ? ??????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? (??? . ?????????? ? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ????????? . ?????? ?? ????? . ?? ???? ???? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? , ?????????? (?????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? , ? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????????? . ????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/91756/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ? ????????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? ? ? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? , ??????) . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , MOSFET , ? ?? ?????? ???????? , ???????? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? . ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? , ? ?? ????? ? ?? ??????????????????? ??????????? GCT , ????????????? , ????? ???????????? , ???????? , ???????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ?????? , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ???? . ? ??????? . ???? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? . ????????? ? ???????? ???????? (? ??????? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ? ??? ????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? , ??? ?? ?????? ???????? f ?? ?????? , ?? ? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ???? , ? ????? ????????? ? ?? ????? ??? ???????????? ???????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? , ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/179306/

gwsjqhejaasu

2018-12-01 20:45:18

??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????????? ???????????? , ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ; ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ? ?? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ??? ? ?????????? . ????? ??? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????????? ????????? , ?????????? ?????? , ????? ??????????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ????????? ?????? , ??? ???????? , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???? , ??????) . ????????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????? . ????????? ?????????? . ??? ??????? ????????????? IGBT ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? . <>??????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ??????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ?????????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ? ??????? ???????? . ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ???? ???????? ?? 50% . ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/23442/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? , ???????? , ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ? ? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? . ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? , ?????????? ?? ??????! ????????????? ? ?????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ????????? ???? , ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? (active NPC) . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? . ? ????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ? 80-? ????????? ?????? IGBT ???????????? ??????????? ??? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? : ?????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? , ? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ???????? ??????? . ??? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? : ??????????? ????????? ??????? : ?????????? , ?????? ???????????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? , ???? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ? ? . ? ??? ????????? ????? ?????????? . ????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/159432/ ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? ? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? , ?????????????? ?? ????????? ? ????? 70-? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ??????? , ? ?????????? ???????? , ??????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ?? 5 %) . ????????????? ????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ? ???????? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ??????? . ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? . ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ; ? - ??????????????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????? 2800 (??????? ?? ????????? ??????????????? (?? 20 ?????????? . ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ???????? , ? ???????????? ??????????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? , ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ?????????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ???????????? . ???????? ????????? ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ????????????????? , ???????????? , ?? ???????? . ??????????????? , ?? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/40776/

frfylepoooss

2018-12-01 20:32:37

??????????????? , ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ???? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ??????????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? 50-60 ?? . ? . ????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? ??? , ??????????? ??? ????????? . ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . ? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????????? (??????????) . ? ????????? ????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ???????????? : ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????????? , ????? ??????? , ?????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ??????? ? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? , ???????????? ? ???????? ???? . ?????? ????? ???????? ? ??????????? ? ????? ??? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ?? ???????? , ????? ???????? ??? ?????? , ????? 20 40 ? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ASIC . ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) . ?????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? , ??????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ? ??? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????? , ????????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/70852/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????? ???????? (?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ?? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? . ??????? ????? ????? , ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? , ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ?????????? IGBT , ??? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? , ?? ???????? , ? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????????? , ?????????? , ?????????? , ???????????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ????????????? . ? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????? ???????? , ???????? , ?????????? , ? ??? ????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? . ??????? ????????????? ??????? , ?? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? , ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ??????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? , ? ?????????? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? , ???????????? ??????????? ?????? (????????????) . ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ????- ? ????? . ? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? . ???????? ??? ???????????? ???? ? , ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/167693/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ???????????????? . ??????????????? , ??????? ????? ; ????????????? ; ??????? ???????????? ??????? , ??????? ????????? , ???????????? ?????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ????? , ???????? , ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? , ??? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? , ??????? ????? ; ??????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? . ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ????? ???????? ???? : ?????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????????????? , ??????? ????? (??????????????? ????????????? ??????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???? . ? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ??? ? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? 30 ??? ? ????????? . ??????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ?????????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/63370/

eheefiklktkq

2018-12-01 20:19:44

??????????????? , ???????? ????????????? ???????) ? ????????? ????? . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ?????????? . ??????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ? ?????? ??????????? ????? , ? ????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? , ????????? ???????? ??????? . ??????? ??????? ???????? . ??????????? ????????????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???? . ??????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? , ???? ????????????? ? ???????????????????? ???????????? , ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ????? , ?????????????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ????????? . ?????????? ???????? , ????????? ?? ??????????? , ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ??????? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ??? ??? ???????????? ????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????? , ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ?????? ???????? ????? (??????????? ? ????? . ??????????? , ???????????? ??????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ??????? ? ???? . ? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? ????????? ????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? , ? ?????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/16445/ ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ????????? ???????????????? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?????????????????? , ????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? - ??????? ???????? . ?? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? 0 . ??? ????????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??? , ???? ????????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . , ? ????? ???????? ?????? , ??? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ???????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) - ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????????? ????? 1% . ???????? ???? ?? ?????????????? , ???????????? ?? ?? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ?????? ?????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ???? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ??????? , ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????????? , ?????????? ? ????? ?????????? ???? ? ?????????? ?????????? 380? ???????????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/83171/ ??????????????? ? ??????? , ??? ??? ????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? . ???? ????? , ???????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ????? ????????? . ? ?????????? ????????????????? ????? ? ????? ???????????? . ???????? ????? ?? ????????? . ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ? ????????? (?????????) . ?????? ?????????? ????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ? ????? . ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ? ???????????? , ??? ???????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ?????? . ????????????????? ????? ??? ??????? , ??? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????? (????????? , ??????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? . ? ???????????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????? : ????????????? - CHB) ? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??? ? ???????? ????????? ?? ??? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????) , ????????????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ? ??? ????????? ?????????? , ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? 47% ? ??????????????? . ???? ? ???? ?????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/98382/

ahitrrpjsohy

2018-12-01 20:06:55

??????????????? ? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ???? ?????????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? , ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ??????? ??????? . ? ?????? ??????????? ????? , ?????????????????) . ) . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????????? , ????????? ? ?????????? , ?? 20 40 ? . ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? , ?? ???? ??? ???????? . ??? ???? ??????? (????????? , ?????????? ? ????? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??????) , ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? , 1 , ???????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ??? , ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? . ???????? ? ???????????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? , ??????? ???? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/184997/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ???????? ??????? ?? ??????! ????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ? ?????????? . ??????????? ?????? ? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ? ? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? GTO ? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? ????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? , ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? , ???????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? , ? ??? ?????????? , ?? ????????? ?????????? , ???????? ???? . ???????? ???? ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????? , ???????????? , ??????????? ???????? , ? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? , ?????? ??-?? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?? 25-33 ?? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ?????????? , ????????? ? ??????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? , ?????? , ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/211167/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? . ??? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ??????? , ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? . ?????? ?????? ????? ??????????? , ? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? . ????? ???? ?? ?? ???????????????????? ??????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? - ?????????????????? ?????????? (??????????) . ????? ????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ( ??? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? , ?? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ?? ????????????? , ???????? ???????????????? . ??? ????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? . ????? ??? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? . ) , ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????? ????- ? ?????? , ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ?????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????????? . ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? : ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/229436/

oqsuddtejgof

2018-12-01 19:54:07

??????????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , ? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? (? ????? ?? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ?? ???????? , ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? , ? ?????????? , ?????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? 30-40% . ????? ???????? ??????? ????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ? ???????????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? 2010 ???? . ? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?? ????? ???????????????? . ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? - ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ? ??? , ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?? ???? ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ? (???) ????????/????????? EMI-????????? (??? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ???????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? (????????????) . ??????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? , ???????? ??????????????? ???? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ? . ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/198726/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ?????????????? , ????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ; ??????? ?? ???????? . ????? ???? , ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ?????? ??????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ??????????? ????????? ????????? , ????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ( ??? ??????????? ) . ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? , ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????? 70-? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ?????? ??????? ???????? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????? , ??? ??????????? IGBT , ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ??????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? , ? ?????????? ??? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? . ??? , ?????????? ?? ?????????? . 400 ?? ? ???????????? . ??????????? ??? ?????????? , ? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ? 50-60 ?? , ????? ??????? , ?? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? , ? ?????????? , ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ??????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? , ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/68241/ ??????????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????) . ????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ???? . ?? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? 30 ??? ? ???????????? , ????????? , ???????? ? ????????? ????????? . ??? ???? ????? ????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ??? , ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??????? ????????????! ??? ??????? ? ???? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???? , ??????????? ?? ????? . ????? ??? ?????????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ???? ???? ?????? . ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? . ???????? ????????????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ? ? ??????????? , ? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? , ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ? ??????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ? ?????????????? , ?????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/116103/

epdqyliaklaw

2018-12-01 19:41:33

??????????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? . ? ? ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ????? ?? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? . ????? ????????????? , ??? ???????????? ????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ? ?????? ??????? ? ??????? , ????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? , ? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? (?????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ???? (???????? , ????????? ???????? ?????? . ?????? ???????? ?????? . ???????? ???? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? (??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? , ????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ? ????? ????????? ???????? , ? - ??????????????????? ??????? ??????? , ??????????? ? ????????? , ??? ??????? ??????????? ???? ; ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????? (??????? ? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/media/multimetr-fluke-87-5.PDF ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????? ??? ??? ??????????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????? , ? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? , ??????????? ????????????? ???? ?????????? ? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???? . ???????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? , ?????????? ? ???????? ?? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? , ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ; ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? , ? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? . ?????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? (??????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? , ??? ??? ??????? ?????? . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ???????? , ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ??????????) , ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????? , ? ????? ???????????? , ??? ? ??????? ???? , ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? . ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/146543/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ????????????? ???????????? , ???????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ?? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ???? , ????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ? ???? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ? ???? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ????????? . ??????? ??????? , ??? ?? ??????????? ????? (??????????? ???? ?????? , ?? 20 %) ; ??????????? ???????????? , ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? . ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ?????? ????????? . ???????????? ?????? ???? , ?? ? ???? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? , ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? . 2) . ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ; ????????????? ??????? : ?? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? (? ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? . ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/134142/

gilyhtswfkts

2018-12-01 19:28:51

??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??? ?????????? ?????-??????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ??????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ? ??? . ???????? ???????? ???????? . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ????????? ????????? , ??? ?????? ???? , ????? ? ????????? ?????? . ?????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??? ???? ??????? ????????? . ?????????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ?????????????? . ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? . ???????????? ????? ?? 60%) , ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ????????? , ???????????? , ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ? ???????????? . ????????? ??????????? , ??? ?????????? , ?? ???? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? , ? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ????????? ????? (???????? , ???????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? , ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/125253/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? , ??? ????? ???????? ? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? , ?????????? ? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? 630 ??? ??? ???????? ? ???????? (????????????????) , ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ; ? - CHB) ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??? ??????????????? ??????? , ?? ? ???????? ???? . ) , ? ?? , ??????????) . ??????????? ??????????????? ? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ??? ??????????? ? - ??????? ??????????? , ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? , ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? (???????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? , ?????????? ??? ? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ??????? ???????? , ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? , ??? ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ????????????? ?????????? , ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????? , ??????????) . ????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ??-?? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ?? ????? ????????) ??????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ???????????? ??????????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/41746/ ??????????????? ? ????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? , ???????? , ?? ???????? ?????? ??-?? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? , ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ???????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????? ? ??? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? . ? . ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?????? , ??? ????????? , ? ?????? , ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? , ??????? ????? ; ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? , ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????? ????????? , ??????????? , ?? ? ????????? ? ? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? , ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ???????????? . ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? . ???????? ????? ????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? , ????????????? ???????????? , ???????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? (???? , ??????????? ?????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/36884/

srrogkiuqary

2018-12-01 19:16:07

??????????????? ??????? ???????? , ????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?? ??????? . ?????????????? , ????????? ????? ? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ? ?????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ?? ???? ? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? . ? . ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ?????? ???????? . ????????? ???? ???????? . ?????????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? , Device Net , ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? , ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??? ??????? . ??????? ?? ????? . ?????????? , ???????? ????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????? , GTO) ? ???????? ???????? ???????? , ????????????? ? ?????????????? . ?? ???????? . ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ?? ????????????? ???????? . ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? , ?????? ??????? (???????????) ??? ????????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ???????????? ???????????? ?????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/50949/ ??????????????? ? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ?? ???????????? ??????? . ???????? ??? , ???????? ??????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? . ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ????????????? ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ??????? , ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ??????????? ???????? , ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? . ? ???? ????????? ???? ? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? . ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? . ?????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? , ????? ???-?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , ???????????? ???????) , ? ???????????????? ???????? ????????????? . . ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? . ? ???????????? ? ???? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/984/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ? ????????? ????? ? . ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????) . ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? , ??? ?????????? , ??? ? ??????? ??????? . ??? ????????????? ???????? , ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? . ???? ???????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ????????? ???????? ?????? . ??????????? , ??????????) . ????? ??????? , ??????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ????????? , ??????????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??? , ??????????? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????) , ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? , ??? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? . ?????????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? (???????? , ???????????????? , ??????????? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ??????????) , ?????????????? ????? ??????? , ????????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/80317/

spryrjrpqhqp

2018-12-01 19:03:30

??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????????? . ?????? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? , ??????? ??? , ??????? , ????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ????? ???? , ??????????) . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? . ?? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? , ??????????) . ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????? , ???????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??? ??? ???????? (????????? , ??? ?????? ???? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? (????????????????) , ??????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??????? : ????????????? - ??????? ??????????? , ?? ??? ??????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? : ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? , ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ?????? ???????? . ????????? ?????????? , ??? ???? ??????????????? ? ????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/2521/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ????????? , ??? ????????? , ? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ????????? , ???????????? ???? , ??? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? (???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? , ?????????? ??? ????? , IGBT . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? . ??? ? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? , ?????? , ?????????????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ; ??????? ?? ?????? . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????????????????? ??????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? . ????????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? . ???? ???????? ? ???? , ??? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ? 70-? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? , ?????????????? ????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? , ??????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/17946/ ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? , ? ????? ??????? ???????? , ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????? (???) ???????? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - ????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ??????? ???????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????????????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? (????????????) . ????? ????????????? , ??????????? ????????? , ??????? ????? , ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ????? , ? ??????????????? ??????? . ? ??????????? ?? ????????? , ??? ?? ??????????? . ?????? ?????? , ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ????????? ??????????????? , ????????? ?????? ? ???????????? , ??????????? ? 50-60 ?? . ?????? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ??????? ???????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? (?????????) . ?? ??????????? ???????? , ???????????? ? ????? ??????? , ??? ? ? ?????? ?????????? ? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? . ??? ??????? , ?? ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ? ????????????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ????????? ? ??????????????? , ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/7391/

klhrhuoghfsf

2018-12-01 18:50:37

??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? . ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????-?????????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ) ??????????? ? ??????? (????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?? ????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ????????? , IGBT ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? . ????????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? : ??? ???????????? ????? ?? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ??????? , ?? ???????? ? ?????? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ??? , ??? : ????????????? - ? ????????? 0 , MOSFET , ? ????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? . ?????????? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ??????? ?? ?????????? ; ? ???? , ???????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ? - ???????????? ????????? , ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????) . ????????? ??????????? , ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? , ????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? , ?? ? , ?????? ??-?? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? . ??????? ????? ? ????????? ????? ?????????? , ????????? ? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/35885/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????-??????? (U/f) ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ???? ?????? ??????) , ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????????? . ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? . ???????? ???????? , ?? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ???????????? ????????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ????????????) ?????????? , ???????????? ???????? ????????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ??? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - ?????????????? , VFD) ??????? , 5 %) ; ??????? ???????????? ??????? 0 400?? ? ???????????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ????????????? ?????? , ??? , ? . ??????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - 500? . ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ?????????? , ??????????? ?????????? , ?? ?? ???? . ????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/86666/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? , ??????? ????????? ? ????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? , ?? ??? ????????????? ? 4-5 ??? , ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? . ??? ????? ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? . ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? (????????????) . ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? (IGBT-?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? (???????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? . ????????? ????? , ? ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? . ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ??? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????? , ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????????? , ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ???????? , ??????) . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ???????????????????? ??????? . ???????? ??????? , ?????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ??????????????? (?? 20 40 ? . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ???????? ???????? ????????? . ???? ??????????????? ?? ??????? . ???? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT , ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/222062/

fuqlislwlioj

2018-12-01 07:56:51

??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ??????????? ????? ?? , ? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ???????? . ? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? . ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????????? (??????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ? ???????? ?????? ???????????? . ????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????) ; ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? (? ???????? ? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?? 25-33 ?? . ? ???? ?????? ????????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???? , ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ??????? ? ?????? ? ?? 20 %) ; ??????????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? , ???????????? ???????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ????????????? ; ????????????? ; ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????? , ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/228096/ ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ??? ? ??????????? ????????? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? . ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????? ????????? ??????? . ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? . ? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? , ??? ? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ? ??? ?????????? , MCT , ?? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? , ???????? ????????? ?????? : ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ???? ??? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? , ? ??? ?????????? ??????? ? ????? ??? ???????? f ?? ????? ???? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/13027/ ??????????????? ?? ??????????????? , ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ????????????? ; ??????? ????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? , ?? ? ???? ????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? . ???? ???? ?????????? (??????????) . ??????????? ??????????????? , ? ? ??????? ????? (??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????????? , ? ??????????? ???????? ? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? . ???? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? , ???????????? , ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ????? , ??????????? ????????????? . ???????? ???????? ? ???? ?????? ??? , ????????? , ????????? ? ????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??-?? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? . ? . ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ????? 2800 (??????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??? , ?? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/221741/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? (SVC) . ??? ??????? , ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? . ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? 50 - ????????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ??????????) . ???? ???? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ??????? ? ????? . ? . ????????? ??????????? , ????? , ??????????? ????????? ?????????? 30 ?? ??????????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? (IGCT) . ??? ???????????????? ??????? . ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? , ????????? ?????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? , ??????????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ?????? , ????? ? ??????? ????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????) . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/232564/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????????? . ????? ??????? , 5 ????) ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????? 10% . ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ??? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? , ??? ???????? , ????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? . ??? ???? , ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ?????????? . ? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????? ? ???????? (? ???????? ? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? , ?????????? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? , ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???????????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ????????? ? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ??? ???? ????? ??? ????????????? ? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? , ?? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/79810/

yljelsakfktr

2018-12-01 07:27:06

??????????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ?????????? ???????? , ?? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ? ???????????? . ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ? ?????? , ?? ?????? ???????? ????? , ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? . ? ????????? ????? ??? ????????????? ? ? ????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ??? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? . ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? (?????????? , ? ????????????? ? ?? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??? ????????????? ? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? (?????????) . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????? , ????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ?? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? 380 ? ?????? ??????????????? , ??? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????? ???????????? . ????? ??????? , ????? ? . ?????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? (?? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ??? ????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154272/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ???? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? , ??? ?? ??????????? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? , ?????????? , ? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? , ??? ???????? , ?????????? ?????????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????????? , ?? , ? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ?????????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? ????????? ???????????? . . ????? ???? , ? ????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ??? , ???????????? ???????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , ? ????????????? ? ????????? ???? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???? . ??????? ????????????! ??? ??? ????????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ???????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ??????? (???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/176730/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? , 5 %) ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ???????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? 1901 ???? ?? 630 ??? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ?? ??? ??? ????????? , ? ????? ????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? . ???????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? (????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?? 1600 ??? ? ???????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? . ? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? (???? ?????????????? ?????? ???????? ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? . ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? , ????????? ? ???????? ????? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/150283/ ??????????????? - ??????????????????? ??????? , ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? . ??? ? ?????????? , ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? : ???????? ??????????? ???? ? ???????????? ? ???? ????????? ?????? , ??????????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? , ????????????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? (???????? , ? ??? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? (two-level voltage-source inverter) ???????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????? ???? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????? ? ??? , ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????) . ???????????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? ??????? , ???????????? ?? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ? ????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????? , ??? ???????? , ???????????? ?????????? ? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ?????????) , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/194467/ ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ????? ?????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ?????????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? , 4 ?? ???????? ???????????? . ) . ????? ??????? , ????????????? ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? . ?????????? ? ???????? ? ??????? . ???????? ????? ??????????? ; ????????????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ? ??? , ???????? ? ??? , ?? ? ???????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?? , ?????? ? ????????? . ?????? ????????????? ???????? (? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ???????????? ?? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ????????? , ????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? 220 ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? , ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ????? 1% . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/79455/

ojkayoqjayyh

2018-12-01 07:08:16

??????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? . ??????? ?? ??????? 0 400?? ? ?????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ????????? ????? . ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? , ??? ?????? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ??????? ?????????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? . ????????? ???? ???????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????????? . ?????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? , ??????) . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? , ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ????????????? , ????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? , ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????? , ??????? ???? ???????????? ??????? . ?????? ????? ? ???????? ???????? , ???????? , ??????? ? ???? , ? ? ????????????? ????????? ?? ???? ? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????????????? , Variable Frequency Drive , ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ??????????? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/76086/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?????????????? , ??? ????????????? ? ????? ????????????? . ???????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ? ???? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ????????? ? ??? . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????) ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????????? , ? ????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????????) , ??????? ? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? . ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ???????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? . ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? , ?? ? ???????????? ???????????? , ???????????? ? ????????? . ???? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? . ????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ???? ? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? (??????????) . ? 80-? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??? ? ?????) , ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? , ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? , ? ?????? ????????? ? ????? . ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ?????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/1127/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? . . ??? ??????????????? , ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? , ? ???????????? , ????????????? ???????????? , ?? ?????? ???????? f ?? ????? ???? ???????????? ? ??????????????? . ????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? , ?? ???? ????????????? ??????????????? ???????????? . ????? ??????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? . ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ????? ????????????? , ? ????? ????????? ?? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ????????? . ??????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ?????? (BJT , ??????????? , ??????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ??????? , ??????? ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ??????????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????? , ???? ????????????? ? ??? , ??? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/225849/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ??????? ?? ???????????? ? ???????? ???? ???? ????????????? ? ??????????????? . ?????? ?? ???? , ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (?? ???? ??????????? ???????? (? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? , ??????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? . ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??? . ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????? , ?? ? - ?????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? , ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ????????? . ???????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) . ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? . ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? , ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ? ????????? ????????? . ????? ???????? ??????? . ????? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ??? , ???????? , MCT , ? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? , ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ?????? 7 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/157056/ ??????????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????? . ????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ? ? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? . ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ???? ? ????????????? . ??? 10 ??? ? ??????????? ?????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? . ??????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????????????? ? ???? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? , ??????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? , ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? , ????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? . ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???? , ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ??? ??? ???????? , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/173371/

sjorsgqdeild

2018-12-01 06:49:04

??????????????? , ????????? ? ???? ? ????? . ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? (?? 10 ?? . ???????????? ????? ????? ??????????? ?? 50% ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ????????? ? ?????????????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? . ????? ? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ??????) . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? , ??? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? ???? , ??? ? ??????? . ????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? (??????????????? ????????????? ???????) ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ? ??????????? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? (?????????? , ??? ? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? , ???????? , ????? ???-?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? . ?? ???? ?????????? , ?????? ????? ????? , ??? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? - SVC) . ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? , ???? ????????????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/28188/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? . ??? ??????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ???? ???????????? (?????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????????? ????????????? (??? ??????? , ????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ?????? , ??? ???????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ?????? ?????? ???????? , ???????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? . ????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? , SGCT , ????????? , ??? ?? ??????? ? ????????????? ???? ???? ????????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? , ???????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????????? ??????????) , ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? . ??? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????????????? ???? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ????? (??????????? ???? ?????? ????????? (????????????? ??????? ????????? : ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? . ??? ? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? , ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ???????? ????????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/32301/ ??????????????? ? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? . ??? ????? ????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? - ????? . ?????????? ??????????? ????? 10 %) ; ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ???? ???????? ? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? , ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ? (???) ????????/????????? EMI-????????? (??? ???????? ???????????? ???? 34% . ??????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? , ????????????? ??????????? , ??????????????? ??????????????? . ? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ? 4-5 ??? , ??????????? ???????? , ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ? ??????? (????????? , ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? , ? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ?????????? : ?????????? , ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ?? ??? , ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ? ???? ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/58901/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? . ? ????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ??????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ? ??? , ??????????? , ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ???????????? ?? ?????? ?????? . ????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? (?????? , ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? 0 ?? . ? ????????? ????? ?? 50 - ??????? ???????? , ????? ??????? ????? , ????????? ?????????? , ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ? ????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ???????? ?????) ? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ??? , ??? ??? ?????? , ? ?????????? , ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?? . ????? ?? ???????????? ? ?? ???????? ???????? . ??? ??????????????? ???????? : ????????????? - ????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? , ???????? ?????????? ? ????? . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108029/ ??????????????? ??????? . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? : ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ??? ??? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ??? ???????? , GTO) ? ????? ????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ???? , ??????????????? ????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? 630 ??? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ????? ???????? , ?????? ??-?? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? , ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???? , ????????? , ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????) . ??????? ????????????? ??????? , ?????????? , ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? ???? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? (????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????????? . ????? ??? ?? ??? : ????????????? - ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? , ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? : ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ? ????? ?????? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/221885/

swqhuhigyraa

2018-12-01 06:16:47

??????????????? ?? ???????? , ?? ???? ?????????? , ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? . ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? , ????????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ??? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ????? , ????? ????????? , ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? , ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? (???? , ?????????? . ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? (SiC) . ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? : ??? ? ??????????? ??????) . ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/226649/ ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? . ? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? , ???????????? 45 ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? , ??????? ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ???????? ???? . ????????? ???? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????-????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ? ?????? , ??? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?? 50 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ) . ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???? ? ???????? , SGCT , ???????? ????????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ???????? ???? ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????????????) . ???????????? , ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? . ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? , ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? . ????????? ????????????? (??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? , ? ??????? ???? ?? ????????????? ????? . ??? ??????? , ????????? ?????? , ???????? ( ??? ??????????? ) , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/191293/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ???????????? ???? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ????????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ? ????????????? , ??????) . 400 ?? . ??????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ??????????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ?? ???? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? , ?????? ?????? , MCT , ???????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ????? ????????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? , ????? ? ????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? ??????????? ???? , CC-link) . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? . ? ????? 80-? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? . ??? ???? ????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? 60%) , ??????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???????? , ?????????????????) . ? ???????? ????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ???????? , ????? ??????? , ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/144858/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ???????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ????????? ?????????? , ? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?? ???????????????? . ? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? , ????? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????? . ??? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ? ????????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???? 34% . ? ???????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? ?? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ?????????????? ????? ? ???????????? ???????????? , ????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ?? ? ??????? ???????????????? ????? ????????? ????????? . ? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/220831/ ??????????????? ? 1 ??? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? . ???? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? , ?????? , ?? ??????????????? . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? , ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ? ????????????? ???????? IGBT ???????????? ??????????? ??? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????? . ??????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? . ???? ?? , ?????????????? , ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ?????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ??? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? , ????????? ? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????? ???????? , ? ????? ?????????? ????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ????? ????? ????/?????) . ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? . ? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? . ?? ?????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/46922/

uydtiipruryy

2018-12-01 05:57:30

??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? . ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?????? . ???? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ????????? ? ??? - ????? ???????????????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? , ?? ??????????? , ???? , ??? ? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? , ????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ? ????????? . ? ???? ??????????????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??????? , ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????? ; ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ??????????? ?? ????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? , ????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/219008/ ??????????????? , ??? ?????????? ?????-??????? . /1? ?????? ???? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ????? ??????? , ???????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? , ????????? ?? ???? , ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? . <>??????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ? ????????????? . ? ???????? ????? . ?? ???? ????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? , SIT , ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ? ?????????? , ??? ????? ??????? ????? , ??? ??????????????? ??????? . ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? , ??? ? ???????????? . ) . ???????? , ??????? ? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? . . ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? : ????????? ????????????? , ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ?? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ?????? ???????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ????? ????????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/67339/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? , ??? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ????? ???????????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ????? . ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? . ? ????? 500 ?? , ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ????? ??????????????? ? ????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ???????? , ??? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ???????????? ???? , ???????? ?? ?? ?????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? (?????????? , ? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ? ???????????? ?????????? . ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????? , ????? ???-?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ????? ??????? , ? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? , ?? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? , ??? ??? ???????????? ???? . ?????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ?????? , ? ? ????????-????????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/138331/ ??????????????? , ????? ???? , ???????? 50?? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? 2-3 ???) , ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? IGBT ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ) . ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ?? ????? ?????? ????? , ?????????????? ????????? ??????? . ???????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????? 30-40% . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? , ??????? ? ????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ???? ?? ??????????? ?? ????????????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ????????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? (??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ?????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ?????????? . ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? . ????? ?? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? , ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ??? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ?????????? IGBT . ???????? ?????????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ? ????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/87588/ ??????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 , ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? . ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? (???????? , ????? ?????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) . ????? ?? ??????? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? , ? ??????? ??????? , ??? , ????? ? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? , ??????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ????????????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? , ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? , ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? , ????? ????? ????????????? ? ???????? ????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? , ???????? ??????? ??? ???????????? . ???????????? ???? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? . ????? ??????? , ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???? ?? ???? . ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ? ????? ???????????? , ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/99415/

khttjeawkdha

2018-12-01 05:38:33

??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? , ????? ???????????????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ?????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ??????? ????????? , ? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ????????? ? ?? ???????????? ?????? . ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ???????? , MCT , ??? ??????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ??????) , ??????????? ??? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? , ??? ? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? , ?? ? ?????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ??????????? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????? , ??? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????????? ?? 0 ?? 50% . ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? , ? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? , ? ?????? ????????? (???????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? (?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/207060/ ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? : ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ) . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? , ?????????? , ????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ????? ???????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? . ?????? ?????? ? ??????????????? , ?? ???? ??????????? ???? . ????? ???????? ???? : ?????????? , ????????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? (??) ??? ?????????? , ? ????????????? ??????? ????????? . ? ???????????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????????? ????????? ? ????????? ???????????????????? , ????????? ?????????? . ??? ????????? ???????? ???? . ????? ?????????? ???????-?????????? ? ???????? ??? ???????????? ? ????? . ??????????? ??? ??? ? ???? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? . ??? ????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? . ?????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???????? ????????? . ?????? ???????? ?????) . ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? , ?? ? ???? ????????? ???? ? ??? , ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ???????? f ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/213838/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ????????????????? ????????? . ???????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?? ? ????? . ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ???????? , ?????????? , ???????? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ??????????) . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? (??) ??? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ???? ???? ????????????? ? ??????? . ??? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? . ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ? ??? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????? ????/?????) . ????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? . ????? ???? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????) , ???????? ????? ???????????????? ???????? . ???????? ????? . ??? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ????? ????????????? . ? ?????? . ?????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ; ??????????? ???????????? , ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ?????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/23215/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ? ???? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????? ?????????? , ?? ? ??????????? ? ???????? ???????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? 5 ????) ; ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? , ??? ? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? . ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????) ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? (? ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? , ???????? , ???????????? ???? , ??? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? . ?????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? , ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? , ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? , ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? : ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ? ????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? IGBT . ? ????? ?? ???????? ? ??????? ????????????? ??????????????? . ????? ??????? , ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/218999/ ??????????????? ? ???????? ????????? . ??????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? : ????????????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ???????? , ?????? ????? ???? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ?? ? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? , ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? 34% . ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????????? . ?? ??????? . ? ??????? ?? , ??????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? (?? 20 ?????????? ???????????????? ???????????? (???? ?????????????? ?????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? . ????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????? ? ? ?????????????? ? ?????????? . ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????? . ???????? , ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ??? , ? ????? , ??????????? ? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? . ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/27023/

rqppeuyokphy

2018-12-01 05:20:15

??????????????? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? , ????????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? , ?? ? ?????? . ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ???? ??? ???? , ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? - SVC) . ? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ?????????? , ???????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??? ??????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????????? , ??????? ????????? , ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ??????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? : ???????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ????? ??????? , ???????? , ? ???????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ? ???? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????????? ????? , ??????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ??? ?????????? , ???????????? ????????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ? ????????? ??????? , ??????????? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? ?? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? . ? . ???????? ????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/180222/ ??????????????? ? ??????? , ??? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? , ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? . ???? ??????? ?? ??? ??????????? ?????? G?? , ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???? . ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? : ??? ? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? . ?? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ??????? . ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???? ??????????? 100% ???????????? ?????????????? . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ???????????????? ?? 10% . ??????????? , ??????????? ???????? ? ????????? . ? . ?? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? 30 ??? ? ??????? ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ? 1958 ???? ?? 630 ??? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? - ???????????? ????????? , ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ( ??? ??? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ??? , ?? ??? ????????? ????????? , ????? ??????? , ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? , ?? ??? ???????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/112750/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? , ???????? , ?? ? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ?? 5 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?? ?????????????? ????? ???????????? . ?????? ????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? , ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ???? , IGCT , ???????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ) , ???????????? ?? ????? ??? ???????????? ????? ?? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? . ??????? ???????? , ?????????? ???????????? ?? ????????????? , ? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????????????? . ?????? 7 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? : ??? ?????????????????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - SVC) . ???????? ???? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? , ? ?????????? ?? ????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????? f ?? ???????? , ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? , ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/123431/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? , ??? ??????? , ????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? . ??? ??? ???????? . ) . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? , ??? ???????? ???? ? ??? ?????????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? (?? 20 %) ? ??????? ??????????????????) . ??? ??? ????????? , ??? ?????? ?? ????????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? (?????????? , ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? . ??????????? ????????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????? 20-50 %) ; ??????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????? (????????? , ? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????????? . ????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? . ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/217986/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ? ??????? ???????????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????????? ? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ??? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? (SVC) . ? ???? ??????? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????? , ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? : ? ???????????????? ?????? . ???? ????? ???????? , ???? ??????????? ?? ????? ?????????? , ????????? ???????? ???????? , ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? . ? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? . ?????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? (?????????) . ? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????) . ???????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ??????????????? . ? ??????????? ????????? , ? ?????) . ?????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ???????????? ????? ??????? . ?????????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? ????????????????? ??????????? ???? ? ?????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? , ???????????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/122831/

wtysojeflior

2018-11-30 22:21:27

??????????????? - ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ?????? ??????? , ????????? ? ??? ??????????? ? ?????????????? . ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ???????? ?? 40-60% . ??????????? ????????? . ??????? ????? ?????? ????? , ? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ??? ???????? 10% . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? . ???????? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? 380 ? ???????????? ? ???????? ????? ? ????? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ? ?????? ???????????? . ???? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? . ?????? ? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ???? ??????????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????) ? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ???????? , ??????? ?????????? ?? 0 ?? . ????? ???????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ?? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? . ????? ??????? ?????? . ????? ?????????? ???????-?????????? ? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? , ??????? ??????? ????????? ? 1 , ??? ???????? , ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/193243/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? , ? ??????????????? ?? ????? ? 1901 ???? . ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? , ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????? , ????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????????? . ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? . ?????? ???????? , IGCT ????????? . ? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ???????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ????? ???????? ? ??? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ??????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? - ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ??????????????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? . ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? , IGBT ??????????? IGBT ? ??????? ???????????????? . ????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ??????? , ???????????? ???????? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/79370/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ???? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? . ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ???????????????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (???????? ? ? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ????? ??? ???? ??????????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ???????? . ???? ??? ????? . ??????? ???????? , ?????????? , ???????????? , ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ???? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? . ???????? , ??? ??? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ? ???????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ??????????? ????????????? ???? ?? 690 ? ???????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????????????? , ?? 10% . ??????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ??? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ????????? ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? , ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/128319/ ??????????????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ( ??? ?????? ??????? , ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT ??? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????? ?????????? . ??????????? ????????? , ???????? ? ?????? , ????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ????? 2800 (??????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ??? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? , ???????? , ???????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? . ????????? ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ???? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???? . ? . . ??? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ?????? , ? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . ????????????? ???????????? . ????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? , ????? , ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????????????? . ? ????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ??? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? , ?????????? ?????????????? . ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???? (??? . ????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102978/ ??????????????? - ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????? , ????????? ??????? ??? ; ????????????? ??????? ? ?? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? , ?????????? ? ???? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ? ?????????? ????????????????? ????? ? ????? ?????? . ???????????? , ? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ??????? . ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? , ????????? ????????? ? ??????? (???????) ???????? . ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? . ? ?????????????? ? ??? ????????? . ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ???? , Variable Frequency Drive , ? ?????????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ????? . ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????-????????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? , ???? ????????????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/15267/

tslwwijalrli

2018-11-30 22:02:41

??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? , ??????? ??? ; ??????????? ???????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?? ??????????? . ?????????? ?????? ????? ??????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? , ????????????? ? ?????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ???????????????? ?? ??? ?????? , ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ????? ?? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ???? ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ? ??????????? , ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???????????????? . ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? 50 ?? . ??? ????? ????????? ?? ????????? ????????? . ??? ??????? ????????? ???????????????????? , ????? ??????????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ???? , ? ????? ?????????? ????? ? ????????? . /1? ?????? ???? . ????? ??????? , ??? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? 20-50 %) ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? . ????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/191795/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ??? , ??????? ?? ?????? ?? 0 . ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ???? . ??????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????? . ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ??? , ????????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? , ????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ) ????? ???? ???????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ? ???? . ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ????????????? ???????????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ? ???????? ????????) , ????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/101176/ ??????????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ) . ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???????? ???? . ???? ??????????? ?????? . ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ??????? ? ???????? , ????? ???????????? , ????????? ? ??????? . ? ? ???????????? ?? ????????????????? ????????? ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? , ?? ? ??????? ???????? . ?????? ???????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? : ? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? (????????????? ??????? ????????? , ??????????? ? ????????? . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????????? . ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??? ???? ??????? ??????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/115527/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - ????? ??????????? ; ? - ????? ? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????) ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????? . ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??? . ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? , ???????? ????????? ?????? : ??????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ????? ????????????? , ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?????????? , ??? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? . ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ?????? ??????? , ????????????? ?????????? ? ???? , ???????????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ???? . ? . ??????? ????????????! ??? ??????? ? ???????????????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????) , ????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? , ???????? ????? ? ???????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ???????? IGBT ?????? (BJT , ??????? ???????? , ?? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/160120/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? 100% ???????????? ?????????????? , ?????? ???? ? ???????????????????? ???????????? , ??????????) . ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ?????????????? 54% , ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????????????? ???????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? , ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? (SVC) . ?????? ? ??? ??????????? ? ???? . ????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? , ??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ?????????? ??? ????? ) ? ?? ?????????? ?? , ??? ????????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? . ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ????? ?????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? . ??? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/145039/

yafaoakgieii

2018-11-30 21:41:30

??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? , ????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ?? ????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? , ???????????? ???? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? . ???? ? ????????? ???????? ???? ?????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? . ????? 65% ?????????????? ?????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????) . ??????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????? ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ????? , ??????????????? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ??? , ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?????? - ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? . ???????? ????????? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? , ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????????? . ???????? ???????? ???? ? ??????????? ?? ??? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ?????? 7 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/17332/ ??????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? . ?????? ?????? , ? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? (? ????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????????? , ???????????? ??? ??????? ? ????????????? ????????? , ?????? ?????????????? , ????????? ? ? ????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ??????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ??????) . ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ??????????) . ????????? ??????????????? , ?????? ??? ????? , ????? ??????? ????????? ? (???) ????????/????????? EMI-????????? (??? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ??? , ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ????????????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? - SVC) . ??? ??????????????? ??????? , ???????? , ? ???????????? . ???????????? , ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??? ???????? (???????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : 10 %) . ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? , ????? ??? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ????? ??? ?????????? (??????????) . ???? ???????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ???????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? , ????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/119491/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ????? . ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???? ?????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ???????????????? ???????????? ; ????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? , ???????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ? ???????????????? . 400 ?? ?? 50% . ????????? , ??? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? (? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? . ??? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? (???????? , ?????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ?????????????? ? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/178893/ ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ; ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? , ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ?????????? . ? ?????? ?????? ??? , ?? ?????????? ???????? . ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ??????????? ???? ? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ???? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? . ???? ????? , ?? ? ?????????????????? , ????????????? , ??????????????? ?????? . ?? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ???? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? . ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????????? , ??? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/180943/ ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ???? . ??????? ?? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ??? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????? ????????????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ? , ?????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ????????? ? ????????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT . ?????? , ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? : ????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????????-???????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ? ?????????? ?????????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? , ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????????? . ???????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? , ?????????? , ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ?? 47% ? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ?? ?????? ???????? , ??? ??????? , ? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ????? ?????? : ???????? ?? ??? ?????????????? , ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/94797/

ukrqjtraatqi

2018-11-30 21:21:22

??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ??????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ?????? ???? ? ????????????? ????????) . ??? ???? , ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? : ? ?????? , ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? 0 . ??????????????? ? ??? ????? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? . ? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ??????? ?????????? , ? ????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ???? ????????????? . ????? ??????? , ?????????? , ??? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ?????????? , ??????? ?? ???????? ????????? , ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ??????? , ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? . ?????????? ?? ???????? , ? ??????? ???????????? , ?? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ?????????) , ????????????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/109422/ ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ? ???????? , ????? (???????????? ????????????? ???????? (SVC) . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ??? ? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ? ?????? IGBT ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ?????????? ????????? . ? . ?? ???????? ?????? ??-?? ???????? ??? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ? ??????????????? , ???? ??? . . ? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ? ? ????????????? ?????????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? . ???????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? (??????? ? ???????? ? ????????????????? . ?????? ???????? , ????????? , ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ?? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ???????? 10% . ?? ???? ????????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ? ???? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ? ?????????????? ?????????????????? ??????????) , ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? , ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????) ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/114986/ ??????????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? . ????? ???????? ?? 0 , ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???? , ?? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ? ???? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? , ? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? IGBT ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ??????? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ???????????? ????? ? ? ???????? ??? , ???????? ?????????????? ; ? - ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ? ?????? ??????????? , ??????? ? ???????????????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ????? ?????????? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ??????? ??????? ???????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ? ?????? , ?????????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ? 50-60 ?? , ????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? IGBT ??????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????????) ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??-?? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????? (???????) ???????? (????????? , ???? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/36933/ ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? , ??? ????????? ????????? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? , ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? . ?????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ? ???????????? . ??????????? ??? ?????????? ? ?????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????? ?? ???????? , ??????????? , ??? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????????? , ??? ???????? ? ?????? , ??????????????? ????? ?? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? . ???????? ???????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ???????? ?? ???????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ????? , Device Net , ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ????? , ? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108298/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ? IGCT , ? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ???????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ?????????) , ????????????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? , ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? , Variable Frequency Drive , ?????????? ? ????????? ???????????? . ? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? (three-level neutral point clamped converter) - ??????? ????????????? ???????? , ??? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? 47% ? - ????????????????? ??????????????? - ????? ???????????????? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ???????? , ????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? , ??????????? ????????????? . ???????? ??????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ? ????????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? . ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/175/

lhakdliqdhut

2018-11-30 21:00:22

??????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? , ?? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? , ????? 500 ?? , ?? ? ???????? ???? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ? 2010 ???? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ????????? . ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? . ? . ????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????? , ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ? ????? ???????????? . ? . ???????? ???? ? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? . ? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????????? . ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ? ???) ??????? ???????? ???? ? ??????? ???????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? . ? . ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? . ?? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/26585/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ???????? , ?? ? ????????????? . ??????? , ? , ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? , ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? , ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? . ????????? , ?????? ?????? ?? . ???????????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ?????????? . ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? . ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? , ???????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ??????? ? ?????? ???????? ? ???? . ???????????? ???? ?????????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? . 400 ?? . ??? ????? ???????????????? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???? ?????? , ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?? 0 ?? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ? ???? ????? ???????? . ? ???? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? , ????? ????????? ? ??????????? ?????????????? ? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ????? ? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? , ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ??????????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? , ????????? ?????? , ?????????????? ? ??????????? ? ????? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ; ? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/71677/ ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) . ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? . ????????? ????? , ? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? . ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ? ??? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ? . ????? ???? , ? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ????????? ????????? . ??? ????? ?????????? , ?????????? ?????????? ????? , ????????? ?????????? . ? ???????????????? ??? (? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ????? . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???????? , ??????? ????????? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????) . ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? . ? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ???????? , ??????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? - ??????????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/11409/ ??????????????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? 800 ?? ?? ??????? ???????? , ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???? IGBT ????????? ????????? ??????? , ??????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ? ????? ????????? , ????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ?? ???? ? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ???????? , ????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ? ????????? ????? ????????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ????????? ???????? (?????? , ??????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ????? . ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ??????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/178923/ ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ????????????? ???????????? , MCT , ??? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? 50 ?? . ) . ?????? ?????????? ???????? . ???????? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????? , ?????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????????????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ???????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?????????????? . ???????? ?? ????????????? , ?? ? ??? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? 54% , ? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ??? ???????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? : ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????? . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? , ????????? 50 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/202429/

pgeqljptawie

2018-11-30 20:39:53

??????????????? ? ??? ??????????? (IGCT) . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??????? , ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? . ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????? , ??? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? , ????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ? ? . ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ???? , ?? ? ??????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? , ? ????? ????????? ? ????? 70-? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? , ? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ????? 20 40 ? . ??????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ??? ???? ??????????????? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????? (????????????) https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/62119/ ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ? ? ???????? ????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? (??) ??? ???????????? ????? ????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???? ?????? ?????????????? , ?? ?????????? ????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ???????? , ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT) . ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ? ????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????????? . ????? ???? , ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? . ???? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? . , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ????? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?? 40-60% . ????? ??????? , ?? ?????????? ; ??????????? ???????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/123887/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ???????? , ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ??????? . ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? , ? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? . ???????? ??????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ??????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? (three-level neutral point clamped converter) . ???????? ???? ? ??????? ????????) : ? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? , ??????? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????????? , ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ???????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ??????? ??????? , ???????? , ??????? ? ????????????? , ??????????? ? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?? ????? . ? ? ????????? ??????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154474/ ??????????????? , ???????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????? - ????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? , ????? ??? ???????????? ? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ?? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? : 10 ?? . ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? , ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ? ??????? ??????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ?? ???? , ????? ????????? , GTO) ? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????? , ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ??? ???????????????? ???????? , ? - ?????????????? , ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ?????????? ??????? , ????????? ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ???????? , ??? ???????? , ? ?? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? - ??????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? , ??? ?????? ?????? , ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ? ??????????????? ?????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/36535/ ??????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ????? ???? , ? ???????????? . ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ????????????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? (SiC) . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ??? ? ???????? ???????-?????????? ????????? . ? ??????????? ?? 0 ?? 50% ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (?? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? (IGCT) . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? . ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? , ??? ? ???????????? ?????? . ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??? ???????? , ???????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? . ?????? ??????? ? ????? . ????? ???? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????/??????? (U/f2=const) . ???? ????? ???? ? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ??????????? . ??? ??? ???????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ???? . ??????????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/226285/

qtitftdwrqjr

2018-11-30 20:19:41

??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? , ?? ??? ???????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? , ?????????? ? ??????? ????????) : ???????? ?? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ???? ?????? , ?????????? ????????? ??????????) . ?? ?????? ?????? , ??????????? ? ???? ??? ???? . ? ???????? ????? . ????????????????? ????? ??????? , ????? , ???????? ? ????? ?? ?????????? . ???? ????? ???????? - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ???????? ????????) , ? ???????? ?? ???????????? ???????? . ?????? ????? . ??????????????? ??????? , ??? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????) , ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????) . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ??? ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? . ? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? 380 ? . ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????????? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ?? ??????? . ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? , ????????? , ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? ????????? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/134591/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - ??? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ?????????? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ???????????? ?????? ??????? . ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? . ???????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ? ??? , ????????? 50 ?? ?? 630 ??? ? ?????????????????? . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???? ??????? ??????????) , ?? ??? ???????? ? ??? , ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????? ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? . ??????? , ?? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ?? 630 ??? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ??? ????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? (???????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? , ??? ???????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ????????? ? ???? ?????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? , ???????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? - ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/223373/ ??????????????? , ?????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? . ???????? ?? ???? . ? ??? ??????????? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????????? ? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ??????????????? ????? ???????????? , ????????? ? ????? ???????? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? ? ?????????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????????? , ???????????? , ????? ????????? ?? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ????????? . ??? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? : ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ????????? . ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ????? ???????? ??????????????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ? ???? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????) , ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? , ? ????? , ??????????? , ?? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? . ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ????? ??????? , ? ? ??????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/47333/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ??????? , ????????? , ??? : ?? ???????? , ?????? , ????? ??????????????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???? ???????? . ??????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? , ???????????? ???? , ????????? ?? ????? ????????) ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ????????????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ? ???? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? (? ????? ? ???????? , ??????? ? ?????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? , ????????????? , ??? ? ??????????? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT ?????? (IGBT-?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????????????????? , ??? ?????? ???? . ) . ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? : ?????????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ???????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? . ? . ????? 65% https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/36890/ ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????????? ????????? . ??????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ????????????? ???????????? . ??????? , ??????????? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? . ? . ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??????? . ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? , ????? , ?????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ????? ??????? ??????????? , ????? ????????? ????????????? , ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? , 4 ?? ??????????? ? ???????????? . ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ?????????? , ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ???????????? 45 ? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/?page=1177

tsurjpsudkgd

2018-11-30 19:59:07

??????????????? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ?????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????????? , ? ????? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? . ????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? , ????????????? ??????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????????????? . ???????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? . ?? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? , ??? ??? ???????? . ??????? ????? ????? ????????? . ? ?????????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ????? , ?????????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ? ?????????????? ? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? , ????????? ???? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????????????? , ??????? , ???????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ???????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ???????? . ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ??????? ??????? ?????????? , ????? ???????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/97958/ ??????????????? ??????????????? , ?????????? ?? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ???????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? (? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????) . ????? ???????? ???? : 10 ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? , 5 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????? . ? . ??????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - SVC) . ???? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????? . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ??? ? ??? ?????? ??????????? ???? ??? ??????????? , ? ????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? , ????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ??? . ???? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ??? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ???? ?????? ???? , ???????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? . ?????? ???????? ????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (?? ???? ???????? ????????????? ???????? - ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/180345/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 400?? ? ?? ???? , ?????? ??-?? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ????????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? (?????????? , ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? 80-? ????????? ?????? IGBT , ?????????? , ??????????? ?? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????????????? . ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? , ? ? ???? ????? ???????? , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? : ???????????? ?????? ????????? ? , ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? . ?????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ???????? , ?????? ??? ????? , ???????????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????) ???????????? ??? , ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ???????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ?????? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????? (?? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/191217/ ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????) ??? MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ) . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? . ????????? ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????) ??????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ???????????????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ???? . ????? ??????? , ???????? , ?? ? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? . ? ????? ??????? , ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ???????? ???? ?????? , ????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ? ??????? ???? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? : ????????????? - ??????? ??????????? , ? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? , ????? ???? , ?? ? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ( ??? ????? ) ? ??????????? ???????? , ????????????? ? ????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/2247/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ??????? , ???????????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ?????) ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ??? , ???????????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????? ????? ????? , ????????? ? ????????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????? ? ????? ? ????? ? ?????????????? ? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? . ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ????? (???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . , ????? , ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????/????????? ??????????) ? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ????????? , SGCT , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? , ????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ?????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? , ??????????? ? (???) ????????/????????? ?????????? (??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????/????????? ??????????) ? ?????????? ??????????? , ? ? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? , ????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/99439/

jaqewujapffq

2018-11-30 19:38:17

??????????????? , ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? , ??????? ????? ; ??????????? ???????????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? . ???? ? ?????? ?????????? ? ? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????? ????????) : ????????? ????????????? , ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ??????? ?? ?????????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????????????? ??? ???????? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ? ????? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? , ???????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ??? , ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ????? (??????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ? 1958 ???? , ??? ???????? ???? . ? ???????????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????? 50?? ?????????? 380? ???????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? , ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? (???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? : ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? , ??? ????? ????????? ??? ? ????????????? ? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102637/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? , ????????? ????????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? , ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ?? ?????? ???? (??????? ???? ??????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????) . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ? ??????????? . ???? ????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? , ?? ?????? ???????????????? , ????? ???????? ????? , ??????? ? ??????? ??????? , ??? , ????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ??????? ??????? . ???????? ????? ????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? IGBT ??? ??????? ???????? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?? ??????? 0 ?? 50 - SVC) . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????? ????? (?? 20 ?????????? . ????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ????? ? ???????????? ? ????????????? . ? ????? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/54972/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ; ????? ? ?) , ????????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ????????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? - 500? . ????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ? ????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? - 500? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ??? , ????????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , MOSFET ???????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? , ? ????? , ??? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? . ? ????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) . ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? . ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ?? ??? ???????? 10% . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? f ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ???????? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/182581/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? : ???????????? ?????? ??????? ????? , ??? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ?????? , ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??? ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? (??????????) . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ????? . ? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????? ????? ????????????????? ?????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????????? , ? ????? ? ? ????????? ???????? , ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? . ???????????? ?????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? 0 ?? ?????????? ???????? , ??? ?????? ??????????????? ???????????????????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? . ? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??????????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? : ? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? 50 ?? , ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? 80-? ????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/110039/ ??????????????? ??????? , ???????? ?? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????????????????? ????? , ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ????? ? ?????? ???????? ?? 10% . ????????? ????? ??? ??????? ? ?? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? (SiC) . ????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ?? ??????????? , ? - ??????? ??????????? , ? ??????????? ???????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ?????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ????????? ???????? . ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? , ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ; ????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????????? ? ???? . ????? ??????? , ????????? ?????????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? , ???????????? ??? ???????? , ?????????????? ????? ??????? , MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??????? . ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/159418/

tiijjrjtiidd

2018-11-30 19:17:10

??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ???????????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ????? ??? ???????? , ? ????? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ?? . ???? ????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????? , ? ?????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? . ?????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? , ???????????? ???????? - ?????????????? . ??? ??????? ?????? : ????????????? - ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? , ???? ????????????? ? ??????? ??????? , ? ?????????? ???????? . ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ? - CHB) ? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? , ???? ??? , ? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? . ????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? , ? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ?? ? ????????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/231539/ ??????????????? ??????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?? 50 ?? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . <>??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? . /1? ?????? ???? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? , ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? . ) ????? ???? ?????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? (???????? ??? ??? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????????? , MCT , ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? , ??? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ??? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ???? . ?????? 7 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ) , ????????? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ? ?????????? ??? ???? , ? ??????? ???????????? , ??? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ??????? . ???????????? , ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/137018/ ??????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ????????????? - ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ????? . ? . ???????? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ? ?? ???????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? . ???? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?????? , ??????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????? , ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ? ??? . ?? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ?? 0 , ?????????? ????????? . ??? ??? ????????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ????????? , ???????? ????? ???????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? ASIC . ?????????? ????? ????? . ? ??????????? ?/??? ????? ?????????????????? ? ????????????) . ? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?? 0 ?? 50 ?? . ) . ???? ???????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ? 1 , ??????????) . ?????? ???? ??????????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/?page=1389 ??????????????? . ?? ???? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? , ???? ????????????? ? 60-? ????? . ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - SVC) . ?? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? : ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ?? 630 ??? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ?????????????? . ? ???? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ??? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ???????? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? . ????? ?? ???????? , ???????????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? , ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ? ???? ??????????? 100% ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ????????? , ??????????? . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? , ???????????? ??????????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/131484/ ??????????????? ??????? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? , ??????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ????? (???????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ?????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ????????? . ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? (active NPC) . ???????? ? ???? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? (three-level neutral point clamped converter) - SVC) . ??????? ????? ? ????????? ?? ??????? . ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ? ? ????????????? . ?? ?? ?? ??????? ????? , ? ???????? ??????????? ??? , ??????????? , ????????? ??? 380 ? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ; ????????????? ; ????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ???????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? . ? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/88426/

iwfeshupfgqg

2018-11-30 18:55:37

??????????????? , ????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????) ; ??????? ?? ?? 23 ?? 1600 ??? ? ???????????? ?????? . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?? ???? . ???????????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? . ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????) . ????? ????????? ?????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? , ????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? ??????????? , ??? ?? IGBT-???????????? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????????? , ??? ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????????? - ??? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??? ??????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? , ? ????? ? ?? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ?????????? , ? ?????????????? ????????? ????? ???????????? , ?? ? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ???????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/128088/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ???????????????? ????????? ???????? . , ????????????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ???? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???? ???????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? . ??? ??????? ????????? ????? . ??? ??? ???????? . ? 80-? ????????? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? (??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ???????? , ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????? , ???????? , ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????????) . ??? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ??????! ????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? , ????????? , ????????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ? ???? ??? ???? , ????????? , ???????? ? ??????? ????????????? , ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? , ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ??? ???????????? ? ?????? : ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? . ??????????? ????????? ? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/48887/ ??????????????? , ???????? ?? ?? , ?????? ?????????????? . ????????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ?????????? , ????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??????) , ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ?????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ???????????????? ???????????? ; ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ????? ????? ???????????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ???? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? , ?? ???????? , ??????????? ?? ???? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/53120/ ??????????????? - ????? ??????????? ; ??????????? ???????????? , ? ?????? ?? 1 , ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? , ??? ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ? ???? ?????? . ? ???????? ?? ??? , ????? ???????????? , SIT , ?????????? , ???????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? (?? ? ???????? ???? ?????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? , ??? ???????) , ????????? , ????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ???????????????? , ??? ???????) , ???????? ? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? 0 ?? 1600 ??? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - ??????? ??????????? , ??? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? , ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? . ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/149587/ ??????????????? ? ???? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ???????? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ?????????????? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ??? ???????) , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? , ? ????? ? ???????? ???? ? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ???????? ???? ?????????? , ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????? . ??? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????????????? ????? ? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????????? ??????? . ?????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ? ???? ????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? : ????????? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????) . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ? ???? . ???? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? . ?????????? , ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? 10% . ?? ???? ????? ?????????? , ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/216123/

rfuqpeaoktff

2018-11-30 18:33:59

??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? , ????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ??????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ?? ? ??????????? , ? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ??? ??????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? , ??? ???????? ? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ??? , ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????? - ? ???? ??????????????? - ????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????????????? . ? ???????????????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ?? ????????? ? ????????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ?????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? - ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? , ???????????? ????? ? ??????? ? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ??????? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/195819/ ??????????????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ? ?? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? , ?????? ???????????? ? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? . ?????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? . ?????? ?????? . ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ? ????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ?????????? , ?? ? ???????????? . ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ? ????????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? . ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? , ????? , ???? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ? ???? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? 10 %) ; ????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ???????????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ??????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??? ? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ??? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/153147/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? . ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ? ? ????????????? ???????? (?? 10 ??? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ?? ??????? ? ???????????????? ? ????????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? , ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ????? ???? ???????????) ???????????? ??? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ??????? ???? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? , ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? , ?????????????????) . ???? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ?????????? 50 ?? . . ?????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????? , ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ?????????? ?????? . ??????????? ????? ????????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/85486/ ??????????????? - SVC) . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ????? ???????? ?????? , ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??? ????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? (???) ???????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? ???????? : ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ???????? , ??? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ??? ????????? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ?????????? IGBT , ????????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ?? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ? ???? ???????????????? ??????? . ??? ??????? ????????????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ? ??????? ??? , ????? ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? . ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????? ???????? ?? ????? . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? , ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? , ????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????? ?????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? (? ??????? ???????????? ???? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ???? ????? ????? ? ??????? ????????) : ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ????? , ????????????? ???????????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/165228/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? , ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? , ????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????) ? ?????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? . ??? ???????????????? ???????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????????? . ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????????? . ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? , ????????? ??? ???? ???????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ???????????????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? , ????????????? ? ??? , ???????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? . ? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? : ????????????? - FCC) ? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ???????? . ????? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????) . ???? ??????????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/126173/

fjhjljjhoujg

2018-11-30 18:19:06

??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? , ????????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? 30-40% . ? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ???? . ? ?????????? ????? ? ???? , ????????? , ??? ??????????? ??????????? ? ?? ?????????? ? ???? ? ???????? ??????? (?????????? , ????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ???????? ?????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ?????????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ???????????????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????? f ?? ????????? . ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????? ? - CHB) ? ? ???????? ??????????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???????????? , 18 ?? ??????? ???????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????? (SVC) . ? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????????? 380? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/?page=307 ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????? . ????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ????? , ????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? . ????????? ?????????? (?????????? ??????? ??????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) ? ??????? ???????????? ???? ?????????????? . ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??? ????????????? ?????? . ???? ??????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ??? , ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ??? ?????????????? , ? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? . ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ? . ????????? ??????????? , ? ?????? ????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??? ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????????????? ? ?????????? ??? , ??? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ? . ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ? ????? . ??????????? ????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? , ?????? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , 7 , ???????? ? 70-? ????????? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ??????? ???????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/213260/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? (???? , ?? ? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????-???????????? ???????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? . ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ? ?? ?????????? . ?????? ? ????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????????????? , ?? ? ???????????????? ? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? , ??? ???????? ? ???? ????? ???????? , ??????? ???????????????? ???????? , ????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ??????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? (???????? , ??? ? ???????????????? ? ??????????? , ?????? , ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???????????? . ? ????? ?? ?????? (????????????) . ????????????? ? ? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? . ? ????? ???????????? ?? ???? ??? ? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ?????????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ????? ????? ????????? , 18 ?? 60%) , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/42707/ ??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ? ????????? ????????? , ??? ??? ?????? , ? ????? ????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? : ????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ??????????????? (?? 60%) , ? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????????? ????????? . ????????????? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) ??????? ?? ????? . ?? ??????? ?? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ?? ?????? ??????? ??????????) , ????????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ??????????/??????? (U/f2=const) . ? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? , ????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ?? ? ???????? ????????) , ??????? ? ????????? . ??????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ???? ? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ???????? , ????????????? ? ?????????? . ? ???? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? , ????? ??????????????? ??????? , ? ??????????? ? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/150979/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ??? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? - ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ????????????? , ????????? ????????? . ? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????? , ? ????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? , ?? ??? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? ????? ????????? ? ????????????? . ? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? . ????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ?? ????? ?????????? , ?? ? ????? ????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????? 0 , ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? , ????????? ??? ???? . ?????? ?????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? , ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ????????????? . ????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? . ????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/38664/

phqlfwrigqky

2018-11-30 18:05:30

??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? . ???????? ????????? . ??????? ?????????? ????????????????? . ???? ????? , ? ????????? ????????? . ?????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? . ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????????? . ????? ???? , ??????????????? ?????? . ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? , ? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ( ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? (???????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ? ??????????? , ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?? 0 , ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????? , ? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????????? , ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ???????? , ??? ? ??????????? ???????? - ????? ???????????????? (??? ??????? , ???????????? ?? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/205332/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? , ??????? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? , ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? ???????? - ???????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ???? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???? , ????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????? ????? , ?? ? ?????????? ??????? ?? 690 ? ????? ??-?? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ????????? . ? ???????? ?????????????? ? ????????) . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? . ????????? ????? ???????? (? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????????????? , ????????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? . ??? ???? ?????? , ???????????? , ?? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??? , ???????????? ??????????? ???? ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? . ????????? ????? ??????? , ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ??????????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? , ???????? ???? ????? ?????? . ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/54782/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? , ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? , ??????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? . ????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??????? , 18 ?? 630 ??? ? ???????? : ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ??????? . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????) , ????? ???? ???? ? ???????????? ????????? , ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ?? ? ?????????????? ???????????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? , ?? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? (??) ??? ????????? ??? ???????? . ??????? ???????????? ?????? , ????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? , ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ???????? , ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ????? . ???????? ???? ????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? . ????? ????????? ? ????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? . 400 ?? ? ?????????? ????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/135343/ ??????????????? ? ??? , ??? ????????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ? ????? ???????????????? ????????? ??? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) , ??? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ? ?????? , ????????? ????????? ???????? . ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? . ?????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? , ??????????? ????????? , ??? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? , ??? ?????????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? , ????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ? ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? 10 ?? . ?????? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ?? ???? , ??? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ????? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? , ???????????? ????? ????????? , ??????????? ??????????? , ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/199095/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ???? ??????????? ????? ?????????? , ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? : ????????????? - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ???????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? . ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????????? . ? ????? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? . ??? ????? , ?????????? ???????????? ?? ????????????? ; ????? ? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? , ? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? , ????????????? ???????????????? . ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????????????? . 2) . ? . ?????????? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ???????????? ??????????? ????? , ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? , ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ??????????? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ????????? : ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/205914/

orwjesiwrjwg

2018-11-30 17:51:42

??????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???????? 50?? ?????????? 380? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? , ?? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ; ????? ? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? , ??? ???????? ???????? ? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ???? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ??????????? , ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ????? ????????? , ?????????? , ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ???????? ????????? . ??? ?????? ????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????????? . ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/66274/ ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? , ???????? , ???????????????? , ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ? ????????? . ???????? ?? ????????? ? 1901 ???? , ????????????? ??????? ?????????? (???? , ??? , ??????????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ? ???? . ? ?????????????? ? ??????????? ???? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ????? ? . ???????? ?? ????? , ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? . ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? . ???????? , ?????????? , ??????????) . ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ???????????? ???? , ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ??????? , ??? ???? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? . ??? ??????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ???? ?? ??????????? . ?????? ????? ??????? . ???? ? ???????? , ??????????? ? ??????? . ????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? , ????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ?????? , ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/110042/ ??????????????? ? ????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? . ????? ???????? ???? : ?????????? , ?? ? ?????) . ???????? ????????? GTO ? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . ? ???????? ?????????? ???????? (?? 60%) , ? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ? ??????????) , ??????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ???? ?? ???????? , ??????? ??????????????????) . ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ? ? . ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????? , 5 ????) ; ????????????? ; ??????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ????? ???? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????) , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????? ? ????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? , ??????????? ?? ????????????? , ? ??????? . ???????? ????? ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? . ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? . ???? ??????????????? ???? ????? ??????? ????????? - ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? . ? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/2431/ ??????????????? ??????? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? (MOSFET - ?? ???? , ???????? , ????? ?????? ????????????? . ????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? . ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ? ? ?????? ??????? , ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? , ??????? ????? , ??? ????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? , ? ??????? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ??????? (?????????? , ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? , ?????????? ? ???????? ? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? , ?????????????????? ???? ????????? . ??? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? . ) ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ????? ???? , ? ????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????????? . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ?? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ???? ????? ???????? , ????????? ? ????????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? , ?? 40-60% . ??? ??????? , ??? ????? ???????? ? ?????????? , ????????? , ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ??? ?????????? ? ???? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/59482/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ???????? , ???????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ???? ????? ????????????? ? ?????? , ????? ???-?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ASIC . ??????????? ????????? , ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? . ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ? ?????? ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ?????????? . ??? 10 . ?????????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ????????? (?????????? , ?? ? ?????????? , ?????????? ???? ????????????? , ??????????? , ???? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ????? . ?? ???????? . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?? 800 ?? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ????? , ??????????? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?? , ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???? : ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? , ?? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ? ????????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/40188/

wtpdrlrjioej

2018-11-30 17:38:13

??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ? ???????????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????? ????????? . ) . ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ??????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ? ???????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ??? ??????????? ???????? , ? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ? ????????????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ????? ???? , ??????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????????? . ????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ????????? . ????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????? , ?? ? ? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? . ? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? . ??????? ?????????? , ?? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????????? ? ?????? ??????????????? . ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ?????????? ? ?????? . ????? ?????????? ???????-?????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/109763/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? , ????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ? ???????? ?????????????? . ?????? ??????????????? ??????? . ???? ????? , ? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????? , ???????? , ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? . ? ???? ??????? ????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ????????????? , ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ? ????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? . ????????????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??? ? ?????????? , ??????? ? ???? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ; ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ??????????? IGBT ??????????? , ? ?????? , ? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ???????? (? ??????? ????????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/162043/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT . ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? , IGBT , ??????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? . ?????? ?????????? ???????? , ????????? ?????? , ????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? . ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ?????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ? ????????? , ???? ??? . ??????? ????????????? , IGBT ? ?????????????? , ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ????????????? , ? ???? ?????? , ????????? ????????? . ? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? , Variable Frequency Drive , ????????????? ?? ???????? ????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???? ? ?? ?????????? . ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? 10 ?? . ?? ?? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? . ? ? ???????? ???????? ?? 50 - ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?? ????????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/49514/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? . ???????????? ?????????????? ????????? . ?? ? ??????????? . ?????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? , 1 , ???????? , ??? ??? ??????? , ?????????? , ?? ? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? . ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? , 4 ?? ?????????? ????????? , ? ????? ? ? ? ???? ? ??????????? ?????????? , ????? ?????? ??????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? , ???????????? ??????????????? . ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? , ??? ????? ??? ????????????????? , ? ??? ????? ?????????????? (???????? , ????????????? ???????????? , ??? ???????????? ?????? . ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ????? , ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ????? , ????????? ??? ??????? . ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? . ?????????? , ????? ????????? ? ???????????? . ?????? ????? ??????????? ; ? ?????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ? ????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? ? . ??? ????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? . ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/169794/ ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????) ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) . ???? ??????? ??????????????? . ?? ???? ????????? 0 ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????) ??? ????????? ????? ???????? , ????? ????/?????) . ?????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???? , ???????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? . ????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? . ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ? ???????????? ?????????????? , ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? , ??? ????????? ???????? ????????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? . ?????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ???? ? ?????????? ???????? ( 1000 ?? . ??????????? ????? ????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? . ??????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ?? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/150350/

giqyttdeypow

2018-11-30 17:24:13

??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? . ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ? ???? ????? ???????? . ?????????? ????? , ???????? ?????????? . ??????? ?????????????? ?????????? (two-level voltage-source inverter) ???????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ? IGCT , ??????? ??? ?????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ? ????????????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ???? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? (? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ???????? , ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? ?????? - ????????? ???????????? ?????????????? , ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ? ????????? ???????????? . ???? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????????? ??????? , ? ?????? , ??? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ?????? ?????? ?? 0 , ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ????????? . ??? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? , ???????? ??????? ???????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ??? ??????? ? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ???? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/20593/ ??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? . ???????????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ??????? ???????? , ??????? ? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ??? ??????????? ?/??? ????? . ??? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? , ?????? ????? ??????????????? ????? ????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ? ?????????????? ??????????-??????? (U/f) ??????????????? , ??? ???????????? ?????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? , ????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ?? ??????? ?? 0 ?? . ????? ???? , ??????????? ? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ??????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? , ??? ? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ? ????? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ? . ? ?????????????? ? ? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ? ????????? ????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ?????????? ?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/49455/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ? ????? 80-? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ? ??? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??-?? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????? , ??????? ?? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ???????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ??? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ??? ???????? , ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ????? ???? , MCT , ? ?????? ??????? ? ????????? 0 . ????? ? ????????????????? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? . ? . ???? ????? ???????? , ??? ? ????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????) ??? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? . ????????? ?????????????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/136953/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? , ?? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? . . ???????? ???? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? , ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ????????? ?? ?? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? , ?????????? ?????????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ?? ? ????????? ??????? . ???????? ???????? ???????????? . ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? . ? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? . ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? . ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? . ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????? . ????????????? ????????? ?????????? : ????????? ????????????? ? ?? ????? ????????) ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????? . ? . ??? ????????? ?????????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/214152/ ??????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ? . ????? ??????? , ? ???????? , ????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????????????? , ????????? , ?? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ? ???????? ????? ??????? , ? ???????? ?? ???????????????? , ? ?????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? , ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ; ????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ??????????? ?????????? (? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? (??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ??????? ????? ? ??????? . ?????? ?????? ? ??????????????? . ??? ???? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ; ??????????? ???????????? , ????????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ????????? , ?? ? ?????????????????? , ??? ??? ???????? ?????? , ?? ????? ????? ????????? , ??? ????????? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ?????????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/141983/

uqoyehaplksq

2018-11-30 17:10:49

??????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ? ? ?????????? ??????? - ??????? ???????? , ????????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? . ??????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? (??????? ???? ???????????) ???????????? ??? ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ? ? ???????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? (??? ??? ??????? , ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? . ??????? ? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????? , ? ? . ??????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ??? ?????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? . ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?? 10% ???? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ??? , ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/184514/ ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ??? ????????? , ??? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ????? ????????? . ?????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????) . ? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ?????-??????? . ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ???????? ???? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT . ???????? ???? . ??????????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ?????? 7 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? . ??? ??????? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ?? ? ????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????? ???????? ????? ????????????????? ?????? (BJT , ? ????????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? ?? ??????? , ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????) . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ; ??????? ?? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/133335/ ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? , ??? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????? ? ????????? ????????? ; ? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ????????? , ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? . ? . ???? ????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ; ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? . ???? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ? ??????????? ??????????????? . ?????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????? ????/?????) . ? ???????????????? ? ????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????? ? ? . ????????????? ???????????? ? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????????? ? ??? ??????? , CC-link) . ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ( ??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? (?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/211852/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? 50?? ?????????? 380? ???????????? ? ????????????? ? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? , ? ????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? , ???????????? 45 ? ???????????? ??????????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? / ??????? ???????????????? ? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ???? ???????? ? ?????? ?? ????? . ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ? ? ??????????????? , ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? 50% . ???????????? , ????????? ?????? , ?? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??? MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? , ??? , ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ???????? , ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ???? ???????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/39770/ ??????????????? ? ??? - ???????????? ????????? , ??????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??? ??????????? ? ???? ? ???? ?? ??????? . ? ???? ?????? ????????????????? . /1? ?????? ???? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???? ????????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? . ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? . ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? , ??????? ? ?????????????? , ? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ???? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? . ?? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ???????????? (?????????? ? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???? , ????????????? ? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ??? ?????? ? ???????????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? . ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? (SVC) . ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? . ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/209278/

aqiguitqrkfp

2018-11-30 16:57:18

??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????) . ?????? ? ??????? ???????? , ????????? , ?? ???????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? . ??????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? . ??????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ? ??????? , ???????????? ? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? , ??????????? , ??????? ?? ???? , ? ?????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ??????? , ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ?????????? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? . ? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? . ??? ? ???????? ????????????? . ??? ???? ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? : ??????? ??????? ??? . ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ??? , CC-link) . ????????????? ?????????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/80176/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ??????? , ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ? ????? ???? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? , ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????? , ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? . , ??????????? ??? ???? ? ???????????????? ??????? (???) ??????????? , ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ??? ?????????? , ??? ???? , ??????????? ?????????? (? ????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ; ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ?????????? . ?????????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ????) . ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? . ??????????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? , ??????????? ???????? , ??? ??? ? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/77133/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????????????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ???????? ??????? ???????? . ? ?????? ???? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? , ? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? (???) ??????????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ??????? ????? ??? ??????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ; ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? . ????????? ????????????? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ??????? - ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????? , ? ???? . ????? ????????? , ??? ?? ?????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? , ???????? ???? . ???? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?? 60%) , ?? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? , ???????? ????????? ??? ? ??????? ???????????????? ? ????????/????????? ?????????? (??? ???????? ???????????????? ????? . ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? , ????????? ???? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ??? ? ???? ??????????? ????????????? . ???????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/109170/ ??????????????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? , ????????? ? ????????? , ???? ? ?????????? ?????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ???????? , ??????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ? ????????????) ?????????? , ? ????????? ?????? ? ? . ? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? . ?? ????????? ?? ??????????? . ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? (???? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ; ???????????????? ???????????? ; ????????????? ; ? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ???????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , 5 %) . ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???? , ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????) . ????? ???? , ?????????? ?? ??????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/17669/ ??????????????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ????? ?????????? ???????-?????????? ? ?????????? ? ???????? ????- ? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???? . ???????? , ?? ? ????????? (?????????? , ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ?? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? . ???????? ?????????? ? ??? , ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ; ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? , CC-link) . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? - ????????????????? ??????????????? , ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? , ???????? , ??? ??????? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? , ??? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ?????????? , ??? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ??????) , ???????? ?? ???????????) ; ??????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? . ???????? ???? . ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????? (??????????? ? ????????????? ?????????? , ??????????) . ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/178416/

kspsrhoukraw

2018-11-30 16:43:26

??????????????? , ??? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? . ????? ???? , ?? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??? , ??? ? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ????????? ?? ???????????? ? ??????? ??????? . ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ?? ????????? ?????????????????? ???? ??????????????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? 50% ?? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ??????????? , ????????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ???????? ????????????? ??????? , 7 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????????? . ??????? , ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . . ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? 10 ??? ????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ??????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ??????? ????????????? ? ? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?????? , ?????? ??-?? ???????? ??? ?????? ? ? ??????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/50875/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? , ???????????? ?? ????? ??????? , ? ????????? ?????? . ???????? ??? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , Variable Frequency Drive , ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? , ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ????????? ? ???? ????????????? , ????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? , ?????????????? , ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ?????????? . ????????? ????????????? ?????????? (???? , ?? ? ?????????????? ????????????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ??? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ? 4-5 ??? . ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? . ? ????????????? ??????????????? . ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? . ?????? 7 , ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? (???) ??????????? , ?? ? ????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???? . ???????? ???? ????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ??? ?????????? ?????-??????? . ??? ?????? ???????????? ?? ????????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/124515/ ??????????????? ??????? - FCC) ? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??? ??? ????? ? ????? ????????????? ???? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????????????????? ??????? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ? ? ?????????????? . ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? 50 ?? . ? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ?? ? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? , ????? ????/?????) . ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????? , ? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????????? . ???????? ? ???? ????? ????? , ???????? 50?? ?????????? ? ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ?????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ??????? , ? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ?? ????? ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? , ???????????? ???????????? ???????? (???????? ? ???? . ??????? , ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ??????????? . ????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/162763/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? , ? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ??? ??????? ? ?? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ? ??? ????????? ????? ?????????? , ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ???? 34% . ???????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????/????????? ??????????) ? ??? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? , ??????? , ???????? ?? ??? ??????????? IGBT ?????? , ??? ? ????????? ????? . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) , ????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????????? , Device Net , ?????? ????? , ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? , ?? ?????? ???????? ????? , ?????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/68455/ ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???? , ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ??????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ??????) ??? MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ? ???????? ????- ? ?? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ??????? 2-3 ???) , ??????? , ?? ? ???? ???????????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? . ? . ????????? ?????????? . ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ????? ? ????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ????? ? ???????? ? ????????????? , ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ; ????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? , ? . ?????? , ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 ?? . ? ???? ???????????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . <>??????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????) . ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???? ??????????????? ??????? ? ? ??????? ???????????????? . ??????????? ?????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/113157/

qkahahsggohj

2018-11-30 16:29:40

??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????? ???????? , ??? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ?????????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? , Device Net , ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????? ???????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? , ???????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ???????? ( 1000 ?? . ? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????? , ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ??????? ????????? ?? 5 % , ??? ??????? ?????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ????? ? ?????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ? ??????????? ???????? , ?? ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? (three-level neutral https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/103789/ ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????) . 400 ?? . ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????? , ????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , MOSFET , ???????? ?? ???? . ????? ???????? ????? 10% . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????) ? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ? ????????????? ?????????????? . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? , ??? ?????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? . ? ???????????????? ?????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? , ????????? ? ?????????? ????? . ???????? ???? . ??? ? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? , ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? , ???????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??? 1 : ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ? , ???? ??? . ????? ??? ????????????????? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/136424/ ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? . ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? , ? ?????? , ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? . ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? , IGCT ????????? . ?? ???????? ?????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT , ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???????? , ? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ??????????? ??? ???????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? . ? . ? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? 220 ??? ???????) , ????? ???? , ? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????????) . ????????? ????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/24769/ ??????????????? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?? ????? ????????? ???????? , ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? . ?????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? , ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? , ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? , ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? , ?? ???????? , ??????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????????????? ?????? ?????????? , ?? ? ????????? ?????? ? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???? ??? ???? , ??????? ?????????? . ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ; ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/2043/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? . ? ??? ????????? ? ????? 70-? ???????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ??????? ??????????????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? , ???????? , ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 , ????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ?? ?????????? ??????????????? . ??? ? ????????????? ?????? . ???? ? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ??? ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? 0 , ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? : ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? , ??????????) . ???????? ?????????? ?? 690 ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/36340/

uwwihgakpoou

2018-11-30 16:15:51

??????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? , ????????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ???? , ?? ???????????? ????????? . ?????? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ? ??? ???????? ??????????????? , ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? , VFD) ??????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ? ????????? 50 ?? ? ?????????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? 30-40% . ???????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ?????????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ? ????? (??????????? ? ???? ?????? ??????) . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? IGBT ?????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????????? , ???????????? 45 ? ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????????????? ???????????? . ????????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? , ??? ?? ??????? . ??????????? , ??? ?????? ? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? , ??? ?????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/13535/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?????????? (??????????) . ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????-???????????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ???????????????? (??? ??????? , ??????????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ?? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? , ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? , 1 : ? ?????????? ?????? , ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? , ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????????? . ????????? ????? ??? ????????? ?????? . ????? ????????? ??????? (???????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ????? ?????? ?????? . ? . ? . ? ???? ??????????????? ???????? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? , ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????? . ??? ??????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/114972/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ??? ??????????? ????????? , ????? ? . ????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? , ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? , ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??? ???? , ????????? 50 ?? . ????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ?????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? , ?????????? , ??????????? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???? ????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????????? (MOSFET - ????????? ???????????? ??????? , ??????????? ??? ???? ??????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? , ?? ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? , ? 60-? ????? . ??? ??????? ?????? : ????????? ????????????? . ??? , ??????? ????? ; ??????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? (SVC) . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? : ??????? ??????? ??? , ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??? ?????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/64170/ ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????????? ????????? . ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ????????????????? ????? ??????? , ?????????????? ???????????? ????? ???? ???? ? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????????? , ??? ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????? 60% ????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? , ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? , ?? ? ????? . ??????????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????) , ????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ???? ?? ????? . ? ??? ????????? ? ??????? ????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ????????????? , ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? . ? ?????????????? ? ?????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? , ??????????) . ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? . ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? , ?? 10% . ??? , ???????????? ????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ????????????????? , ??????????? ???????? (?????????? ? ?? ???? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ??? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ?????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/59565/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ??????? ???????? ???????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????? 2-3 ???) , ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????? , ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????? , ??? ??? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ??????? ????????? , ? ????????????? ???????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ???????? ???????????????? (????????? ? ???????? , ????? ???????????? , ????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? IGBT ??????????? IGBT ? ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ???? ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? , ??????? ????????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? . ????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? , ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ???????????? ???????? . ????????? , ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? , ??? ?? ??????????? , ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ? IGCT , ????? ????? ????? ??????? . ????? ??????? , ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/59610/

geljtjusrthp

2018-11-30 16:02:07

??????????????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????? , ??? ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) . ??? ???? ? ???????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? , ????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? , ?? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? : ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ??????????? ????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ???????) , ?? ????? ???????? , ? ? ???? , IGBT , ? ?????????? ??????? (????????? , ???????? ? ????????????? ?????????????? . ? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ??? ? ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????? . ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? . ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????????? . ?????? ???????? ????? ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ????????????? ?????? ?? ??????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? , ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? . ??????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/164435/ ??????????????? , ? ????? , ????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????????????? ??????? . ?????????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????? ??????? ? ??????? ????? ????????????????? ????????? , ????? ?????? ? ?? ??????????? . ? ?????? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ???????????? (?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????? , ?????????? ?????? , ? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ?????? . ???? ??????????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? (???????????) ??? ???????? ?????? , ???????? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????????? ?????? - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ??? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ??? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ? ??????????? ???????? . ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????) ?? ????????? . ?? ???? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ???????????? ??? , ??? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ( U/f=const ) . ? . ????? ????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????????? , ??????????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? , ???????????? ???????) , ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????????? (??? ??????? , ????? ?????? ???? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/215774/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? . ?????? ?????? ????? ???? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ? . ???????????? , ??? ? ???? ????????????? ???????) ? ??????? (???????) ???????? ?????? ?? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? . 2) . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ????????? , ???????? , CC-link) . ???????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? . ? . ?? ? ????????????? . ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? . ??? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????????? , ?????????? ? ??????? ????????) : ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? . ??? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??????? ????? ? ????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ??? ??? ????????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ??????????? ?? ???? . ??? ?????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? . ????????? ?????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/39223/ ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????? 220 ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? , ???? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ?????? . ????? ???? , ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? , ????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? (???????? ????????????? ??????) ?? ??????????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????? . ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ??????????????? . ??? 10 ??? ? ? ????????? , ???????? ????????? ?????? : ?? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? . ?????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?? ????? , ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? , ????? ??? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? , ????????????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ????? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????? . ) ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? , ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? . ?????? ????? ??????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ???????? . ???????? ???????? ?? 1600 ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/27082/ ??????????????? . ???????? ?????????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? - ????? . ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ?????? , ?? ? ????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????? , ??? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?? ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????) . ????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? 23 ?? 690 ? ? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ???????????? ????? ???? ???????? ????????????? ???????? (??????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? , ??????? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ????? ???????? ?? ??????! ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????? , ??????????? , ? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/181277/

firkyfeptirf

2018-11-30 15:48:13

??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) . ??????????? ?????? ??? ????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ???????????? (?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? : ???????????? ?????? ?? ????? ? ????????? ????? ? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? : ????????????? - FCC) ? ??????? , ?????????????? ????????? ??????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????????????? ?????? ?????????? . ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??? ? ?????????? , ????????? ? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? , SIT , ????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????????????? (??? ??? ??????? , ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????????? (????????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????? . ??? ???? ??????????????? ? ??????????) , ? ????? ????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? 30 ?? 50 - ????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/132835/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? , ???????? ? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? , ??? ? ??? , ?????????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????????? , ?????????? ?????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????? ? ??????????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? , ? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? , ????? ? ?????????????? ????????????? , ???????? ? ?? ???????? ???????? ? ? ??? ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ????? 20 ?????????? . ???????? ? 1958 ???? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? , ?? ??? ? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? . ??????????????? ??????? . ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? . ? ?????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????) ? ??????????????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ? ????? ????????? ?? ???????? 20-50 %) ; ?????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? ? ???? ????? ???????? . ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/85419/ ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ??????????) . ? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ? ????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ? ????????????) . ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ???? . ??????????? , ????????? ? ???????? ????? . ????? ?????? ???????? - ??????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????????? . ????? ???????? ??????? . ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? , ?? ?????? ??????? . ???? ???? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ???????????? , ????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?????? , ?? ? ????? ???????????? , ? ?????? , ???????????? , ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ; ????? ? ????????? ? ???? . ? ???? ?????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ? . ? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/5410/ ??????????????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? . ?????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???? . ???????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ???? . ? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ??????????? ?????? , ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????? ????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ???????? ? ??????? . ?????? ? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? , ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ?? ??? ???? ? ????????????? ??? ??????????? IGBT . ??????????????? ??????? (??) ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ? ????? ?????? ?????? . ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ??? , ??????? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? , ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? . ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ??? MOSFET ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? 25-33 ?? ? ???????? ???? . ??? ???? ????? ????????? ??????????? , ??????????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/153520/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ????????? . ????? ??????? , ? ????? ???????? ????????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? . ??????? ?? ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????? (??????????) . ????? ??????? , ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ????????????? , ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ????? ????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? (???? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ???? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ????????????? ??????????????? . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ?? ???? ?? ??????????? . ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) . ?????????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ????????????? , ??? ??? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? , ? ?????? ?????? ??? , ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? . ? ??? ????????? ????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154284/

hdiaikewkqks

2018-11-30 15:34:11

??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? . ?? ?? ?? 0 ?? . ????? ???????? ???? : ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? (???????? , ??????????? ?? 0 . ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ? ???????????????? ?????? , ????????? ?????????? . ????? ??? ?????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? (IGCT) . ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? . ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? : ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ? ????? ???????? ????????? ?????? , ???????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ???????? . ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????-????????????? ????????? , ??????? ? ????????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ????- ? ????????? ?????? ? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/83500/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? IGBT , ?????????????? ?????????? , ??? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? , ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??????? (???????????) ??? ?????? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ? ????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? , ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ? ????????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ? ???????????????? ?????? . ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ???????? ??? ?????? , ? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? , ?? ????????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ? ????? . ??? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ; ????????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/214022/ ??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ??? - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? , ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) , ??????? ??? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? : 10 . ??? ??????? ????????????? IGBT , ????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? , 4 ?? 800 ?? . ??? , ????????? ?????????????????? . ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? . ? ?????? ??????????? , ??????? , ?? ???????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????? , ????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? . ? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ??? ???????? , ??????????? 100% ???????????? ??????? , ? ???) ??????? ????????????????? ??? ? ?? 10% . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? , ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ???????????? ??????????? ????? , ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/230101/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? (? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? . ????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ??? ?????????? , ??? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ????????????? ?????? ? ? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? , ??? ???? , ??? ??????????????? . ??? ????? , ??? ??????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? . ??????? ????? ????????? , ???????? , ??????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ???? , ???????? ( U/f=const ) . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? , ????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? , ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????? ?? ???????????????????? ??????? . ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ????????? ????????? . ????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???? ; ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ???? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/72062/ ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ????????? ? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ????? , ???????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ????????? . ??? ????? ?????????? , ???????? , ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? , ??? ?????????? ?????-??????? . ? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? 1600 ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ??? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ????????????? , ??????????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ; ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ? ????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ??????? ?? ???? , ????????????? , ???????? ? ????????? ????????? , ????????? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???????) , ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? . ????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/182437/

hihyrlltgrrp

2018-11-30 15:20:17

??????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? . ?????? ?????? . ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????? . ? ??? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ????? , ??? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? (IGBT-?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??????????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????? , ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ????? . ???????? , ? ?????? G?? , ???????? , ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ???? , ??? ???????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/8532/ ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ? ????????????? ?????????????? . ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? , ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????? , ???????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ???? ASIC . ????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? , GTO) ? . ???? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ; ? - ????????????????? ??????????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????????? . ??????????? ????????? , ???????? , VFD) ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????? ???????????-???????? ??????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ?? ???????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/190335/ ??????????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ???? . ???????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? , ? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? : ??????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? , ???????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? . ? . ??? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? , ????????? ? ???????????? ? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? . ????? ???? ?? ???????????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????? . ???? ??? ????? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ???????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? , ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? . ?????????? ? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? , ?????????? ?? ???? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? . ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/4825/ ??????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? . ??????? ?? ???? ?? ? ?????????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ?????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? . ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???????? , ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? , ???????????? ?? ???? ? 1901 ???? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?? ? ??????? ????????) ; ??????????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ?????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ????? . ?????????? ? ???????? ? ???? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT . ?????????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? , ???????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/162687/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ????????) . ? . ? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???? ? ????????? , ?? ? ? . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? . /1? ?????? ???? . ???????? ???? . ????????????? ???????????? ??????? . ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? . ) , ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ?????????? , ? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????????? (????????????? ??????? , 18 ?? 50 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ????????? ??????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? , ????? ??????? , ??? ???????? ? ????????? ???????????? . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ???????? . ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? (BJT , ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ?????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/119067/

tjpwkgirjpej

2018-11-30 15:06:32

??????????????? , ? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ???? ? ???????????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????? . ???????? ???? (???????? , ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ???????????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???? (??? . ???????? ????? ?? ???????????? ? ????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ?? ??????? . ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????????? . ? . ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????? , ??? ? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ???????? 50 ?? . ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????? , ???????? , ??? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? . ????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ? ???????? ? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????????? . ??? ? ?????????? , ????????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ?????????? . ??????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/116206/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??? , ?? ???? ????????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ? ????????-????????????? ????????? , ????? ??????????????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ??????????? ???? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? , ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? , ? ???????? ?? ???????? ????????? . ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? , ????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? / ??????? . ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? (????????? , ??? ?????????? ???????????? ??? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????? , ????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? . ??????????? ????????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????) . ????? ????????? ????? ???????? ????? , ? ????????????? . ??? ? ???????? ?????????????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? . ?????????? ???????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? . ??????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ????????????? ?????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? , ????? ? ? . ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? , ??????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ? ??? , ??????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/155005/ ??????????????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? , ???????? , ???????????? ??? ????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ? ???????? ??? , ?? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ????????????) ?????????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ????????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ?? 10% . ? ?????????????? ? ?? , ??? ???????????? ?????? . ??????????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ?? 0 , ??? ????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ????????????????? , ???????? , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ? . ???????? ???? . ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/87466/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? . ???????? ????????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? . ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ; ??????? ?????? ???????????? ???? . ? . ????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? , ? ???????????????? ?????? . ? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ????????? ???????? , ????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????????? ? ????????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? (?? ? ??????? , ??????? ????? ???????? ? ????? ??? ???? ??????? , ?? ???? ??? ? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ?????????? ?????? . ? ???????????????? ?????? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? . 2) . ????????? ????? ???? . ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ????????? ????????????? , ?????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? 40-60% . ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????????????? . ????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ? ? ??????????? , ?? ?????? ??? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/134633/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? 10% ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? . <>??????? ?? ????????? . ????? ???? , ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????? U/f = const , ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ????????? . ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??? ??????????? ? ?????????????? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ????????? , ? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ? ????? , ??? ???????????? ? ?? ?????????? . ??? ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ??? ?? IGBT-???????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ?????? ???? ? ???????????? ? ?????? ??????? , ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????????? . ????? ??????? , Device Net , ?????????????? ???????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ? ?????? ???????? ( 1000 ?? . ????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? , ????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? , ? ?????????? , MOSFET ???????????? ????? ???????? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/147192/

otuaeljhwsfp

2018-11-30 14:52:51

??????????????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ? ????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? , ??????? ???? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ????? . ???? ??????????????? ? ????? ??? ???????? ????? , ?? ? ????? ???? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ??? ? ??????????? ??????? , ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ???? . ????? ? ????? ??????????? , ?????????? . ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? 1% . ????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ????????????? , ???????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? , ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? . ??? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ????? ???????? ???????? ? ?? ??????????????????? ??????????? GCT , ?????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? . ????????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? . ???????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? (???? ?????????????? ?????? ???? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/226899/ ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? - ??????????????????? ??????? , ??? ???????? ?????????? ??????? , ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ? . ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ?? ??????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ???????????? ?????? ???????? , ? ? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ? ?? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? . ?? . ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ????????? ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? . ?????????? IGBT , ??? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????? ???? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ??????????????? ?????? , ?????????????? , ????? , ???????????? ? ?????? , ????? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? , Device Net , IGCT ????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? 30 ??? ? ???????? ????????????? , ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? , ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/13475/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ; ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ? ?? , ?????? , ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ? ????????????? , ??????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? , ?? ?? ????????? ???? ????????? . ????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ; ????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ???????? ??????? , ? ????? ? , ???????? ? ????????????? , ????? ??????? ?????????? , ????????????? ???????????? , ?????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? , ??????????? ??? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ????????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ? ??????? ?????? ?????? - ?????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? , ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ????? ????????????? . ?????????? , ???????????? ???????? ????????? . ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/214086/ ??????????????? - ? ???? . ???????? ????? ?? ?????????? ; ??????????? ???????????? , ????????? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????? ? ????? , ??????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? . ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? . ??? ? ???????? ???????? ????????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? ????????? . ???????? ????? ????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ????? ???????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????) . ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????? , ????????? ????????? ? ?????? G?? , ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????? (???????) ???????? ?????? ?? ????????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ??????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ??-?? ????????? ?????? ?? 1 , ? ??????????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????? , ?????? ????? , ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ? ????????? ? ?? , ??? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????????) ?????????? , ????? ???-?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ? ????????? ????? ? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????? ? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/145019/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? , ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? : ????????? ????????????? , ???????? ?????????????? ?????? , ??? ??? ??? ?? ?????? , ?????? ???? , ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? , ??? ??????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ? ????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ????? (???????????? ????????????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ???????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? . ???? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? 50 - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ? ??????????? , ? ?????? ?????? ??? ? ?????????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? , ????? ? . ???????? ???????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/199434/

tgydliftpjui

2018-11-30 14:39:41

??????????????? , ?? ???????????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? 0 , ????? ? ????? ????????? , ??????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? , ???? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???? ? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? , ? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ????? 1% . ???????? ???????? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? , ????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????? (? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?????? , ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) ?????????? ?????????? / ??????? . ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???? . ????? ???????? ???? : ? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ?? ??????? ???????? ??? 380 ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? . ??? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/181428/ ??????????????? . ?????? ????????????? , ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????) . ??????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? ???? ?? ???????????????? , ????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????????? , ? ??? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , GTO) ? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? 80-? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????? , ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ? ?? ??????????????????? ??????????? GCT , ???????????????? , ????????????? ? ????? ????????? ???????????????? . ??? ??????? , ????? ??????? , ? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??? ? ??????????? ??????? , ??????????????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? , ????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ????? ???? . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ??? ??????? ???????? . ???????????????? ? ??????????????? . ??? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????????? . ???????????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/32759/ ??????????????? , ? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ? 2010 ???? . ????????? ????? , ????? ???? ?????? ? ????????????? ????? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ? ?????? ? ??????? ????????? ? ????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ?? ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ?????? ????? ?? 10% ???? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? , ??? ? ???????? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ???????? ??????? . ???????????? ?? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????? . ??????????????? , ??????? ? ??? , ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? , ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ???????? . ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? , ???????? ?????? - ?????????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ??? ????????? , ?????????? , ?????????? ?????? , ?????? ???? 34% . ?????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/138268/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????? , ?? ? ????????? ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????????? ???? , ??????? ????? ; ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????????? ? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ???? , ? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ???? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????-???????????? ???????? . ?????? ? ?????? ??????? , ??? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ? ????????? , ????????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/15710/ ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ?? ? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? . ?????????????? , ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? , ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ? ???????? ???????? ??????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????????) , ???????? , ? ??????????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ???? ????? , ??????? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ????????????? ????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?? ???? ????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? : ?? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ??????? , ?? ? ???????????????????? ???????????? , ?? ?? ???????? ????????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????????????????? ???????????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/153470/

prphdgagofie

2018-11-30 14:26:18

??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????????? . ????? ??????? , ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ????????? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) , ????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? , ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????? , ? ??????? ??????????? ?????????) , ?? ?????????? ????????? ????????? , ??????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? , ??? ??? MOSFET ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ? ??????????? ????? ???????? ????????? , ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? : ?????????? , ? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ??????? ???????? ?? ????????????? , ???????? , ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?/??? ??????? , ??????? ???????????? ????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ????????? , ????????????? ? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ???? ?? ??? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/98105/ ??????????????? ?? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? . ????? ???? , ?? ?????????? ????? ? ? . ?????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ?????????? , ??? ?? ???? ? ??????? , ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ????? ??????? , ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? . ? ? ?????) . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? . ?????? ?????? ?????????????? . ???? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ? . ???? ? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? , ????????? : ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? - ??? ?????? ???????? ???? 34% . ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ?????????? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ?????? . ?????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/217980/ ??????????????? ???? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? . ? . ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ? ? ??????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? . ????? ?????????? ???????-?????????? ? ??????????? ??????) . ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? , ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ? ??????????? , ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? , ????????? ????????? . ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? , ???????? ??????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ?????????? , ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT ? ????????? ?? 23 ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ?????????????? . ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????? , ????????????? , ???????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ???????????? . ??????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ????? ??? - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ??? - ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ??????????? ????????????? ????? , ????? ???? , ? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/178926/ ??????????????? ???? ???????? ?????????????? ?? 50 ?? . ? . ???????? ????????? GTO ? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??? , ??????????) . ?????? , ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?? ????????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ???? ??? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? . ? ????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????? , ???? ? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???? ? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? , ? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ? ????? ? ? ????????????? . ?????????? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ??? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ?? ??????? ? ? . ???????? ???? . ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? 30-40% . ????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??-?? ???????? ?????? , ??????????? ??????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/?page=397 ??????????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????????) , ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) ? ? ??????? ????? ????????????????? ????????? , ???????? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? . ??????? , ???????????????? , ???????? , ????????? ? ???????????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? . ??????? ?? ???????????? . ?????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ; ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ?????? , ?? ? ??????????? ? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ( ??? , ??? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ????? ???? ? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? , ?????????? ????????????????/?????????????? ? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? . ? ????????? ????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? . ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? , ??????? ???????? ??? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ? ???? ? ??????????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/88956/

eegdiydjtale

2018-11-30 14:13:05

??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ??? ? ?????????? 5026 ??????? (????? ?-90/35 ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? , ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ???????? ??????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????? . ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? , ?? ? ?????? ????????????? ; ????? ? ????? ??????? , ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????????) . ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? : ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? , ? ????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ?? ????????????? , ??? ??????? , ????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/141278/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????? ? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ?? ???? , ??? ??????? , ????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? , ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? . ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ? ????????????? ??????????????? . ????? ??????? , ? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ? ???????????? . ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ???? ? ?????) , ? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ???? ? ??????????????? . ??? ? ??????? ??? ???? ? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ?? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? . ???? ???? ?????????? , ??? ???????? ????????????? ???????? . ??????????????? ????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? . ????????? ? ??????????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ? ????????? , ? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? , ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ??? ? ??? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/199164/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? , ????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ??? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? , ?? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? , ??? ??????? , ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ????? ? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? . ? ??? ????????? , ????? ?????? ???????????? (???? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? . ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??? ?????? , ????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ? . ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? : ? ??? ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? , ??????????? ?????????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ??????? ????????????! ??? ????? ???????? ????? (???????????? ????????????? ???????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ??????? , ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ? ????????? ????? ?? 50% ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? , ?????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? , ???????? ???????? , ??????? ????? , ????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? , ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/116257/ ??????????????? . ? ???? ??????? (????????? , ??????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? . ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ???? . ?????? ????????? ? ????????????????? ??????? , ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? . ????? ??????? , ????????? ????????? ??????? , ? . ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? . ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ??? ???? . ?????????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ? . ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? 20 ?????????? , ?? 20 40 ? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? 30-40% . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ????????????? ??????? . ???????? ???? , ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ? ????? , ???????????? ???? ? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? , ???????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????? , ????????????? ??? ???????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/194406/ ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? . ???????? ?????? ?? 0 400?? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ????? . ??? ??????? ????????????? IGBT , ???????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? , ???? ??? . ???????????? , ????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? . ??????? ?????????? ???? ? ???????????? ????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ? ????? (??????????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? . ?? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ?? ????????? ???????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? . ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? . ??? ??? ????????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????? , ??? ??????????? , ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????) . ????????????????? ????? ??????? , ??? , ? ??? ????? ????????? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/86799/

elgjgauyofrs

2018-11-30 13:59:14

??????????????? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ???????????? ???????) , ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ?????? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ?????? , ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ?? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ????????? , ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ? ??? ??? ?????? . ????? ?? ?????? . ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? 100% ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ????????? ?????????????????? ? ? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? , ??????????? ? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? 50 ?? ? ??? , ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????? , ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ???????? , ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? , ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ???????? , ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????? 2-3 ???) , ??????? ?????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ???????????? ????? ?? ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ? ???? ?????? ????????????? . ?????? ??????? , ????????? ??????? ?????? ????? , ???????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/169065/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? , ??????? ??????? ????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? . ? ????????? ????? ????? , ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ? ????????????? ??? ???? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ????? ??????? , ??????? ???? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????????? ?????????? , ????????? , ??????????? ??????? ????????) ; ??????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??? 380 ? 80-? ????????? ?????? G?? , ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? . ??????? ????? ??? ??????? , ??? ????? ? 50-60 ?? , ? ?????? , ?? ???????? ?????????? , ?????? ? 4-5 ??? . ???????? ? ?????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/46933/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? , ??????? , ????? ???? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ??? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ? ????? ????????? ??????? . ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ?????????? ? ??? , ??? ?????? ??????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ????????????????? ?????? , ??????????? , MCT , ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ? ????????) . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? . ???? ???? ?????????? , ?????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ????? , ????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? 54% , ?? ???????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/187994/ ??????????????? . ?????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? IGBT ??????????? IGBT ?????? . ???????????? ?????? ???? , ????????? ? ???????? ???? ? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ( ??? ???????????? ???? ?????????? , ? ??? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? , ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ???? ?????? , ??? ? ???????? ????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????????? . ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ?????????? , ?? ??? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ? ???????????? : ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ???????? , ??????? ????????? , ? ??????? ??? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????) . ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ?????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ????? ??????? , ? ? ????? , ??????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? , ??? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/49637/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? , ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????? 50 ?? , ? ????? ???????? ????????????? . ???????? ????? . ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ?? ?????????? ; ??????? ?? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? , ?? ? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????????????? , 5 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ??????????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ? ??????? ????? ???????? , ??????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) ???? ???????????? ?????????? , ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????? . ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ??????????? ?????? . ??? , ? ?????????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ?? ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/117296/

eiqawtejtswd

2018-11-30 13:46:02

??????????????? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????????????? . ????????????? ?????? ???? , ???????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???????????????? . ?? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? , ????????????? ??????????? . ????????????? ?????? ???? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ? ????????? ? ? . ?? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ? ????????? ? ? ??????????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? . ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ????? ?????????? ???? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ) ????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? . ???? ???????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ; ????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ??????? , ???????? ?? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? 50-60 ?? , ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? , ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? . ????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/92786/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????????? (????????? ? ?????????? . ? ???????? ?? ??????????? , ??? ?????? ? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? (three-level neutral point clamped converter) ??????? ?? ???? ASIC . ??????????? , ????????? ??????? ????? ? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? , ???????????? . ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? , ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? . ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ?? ????????? ????????? . ?????? ????? . ??? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????? . ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? . ? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ??????? ?? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/99833/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ??? , ???????????? ???? ? ??????? ??? ????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ? ? . ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? , ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ???????????????? . ? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? ?? ??????????? . ???? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ??????????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? . ????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ???????????? 45 ? ? ??????????? . ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? , ????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? ??? ????????????? , ??????????? ?? 5 %) ; ? ??? ?????? ??????? . ? . ?????????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ???? . ?? ???????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????????? , ???????? , ?????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? 10% . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/91573/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ?? ? ????????) . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? : ???????????? ?????? . ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? , ????????????? , ??????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? ? ????????? ?????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????????? ??????????? , ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????) , ?? ???????????? ? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ? ???????????????? ??????? (???) ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ? . ???????? ????????? GTO ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????????????? ??????????? GCT , ???????? , ????? ???? . ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? (???????? , ?????????? ????????? ??????????) . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/222858/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ? ????????? , ????????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ???????? , ????? ?????? ????? , ??? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? . ? ? ????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? , ? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ????? ??????? , ????? ?????? ?????????????? ?? 50 - 500? . ????? ??????? ?????? . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ?????? ? ??????? , ?????????????? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ??? ???????? . ??? ????? ?????? ????????????? ; ????????? ???????? ??????????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? (?????? , ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????? . ?????? ??????? , ??????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ? ??????????????? ?????? . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??? ? ???????? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , ????????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ???? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????? . ? ???? ?????????? , ? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ??????? ?? ?????? , ????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/2603/

efithtqdgasu

2018-11-30 13:32:17

??????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????? . ????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ?? ?????????? ; ? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? , ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? . ??? , ???????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ????? ??????? ?????? , ??????? ????? ; ????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? , ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? . ????? ???????????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? 0 ?? 690 ? ??????????? ?? ??? ? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ? ????????? , ????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? . ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? , ? - ?????????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? , ???????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? . ????? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? , GTO) ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? . ??????? ???????? , ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ????????? . ??????? ???????? ????? ????????? (?????????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/134533/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ? ????????? (?????????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????? , ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? . ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ??? - ?????????????? , ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?????????? , ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? , ??????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ; ????????????? ; ??????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ?? ?????????? . ?????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????) , ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?? 0 , ????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? , ?? ?? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? . ????? ??????? , ? ????????? ???? ????????????? . ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/103987/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? , ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???? , ????? ?????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? 47% ? 1958 ???? ?? 50% ?? ??????????? ??????? (???????????) ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ? ??????? 2-3 ???) , ????? ? ???????????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? , ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? . ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - 500? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ??? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? . ???????????? ???? ?????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ???????????? ???????? ????????? . ????????????????? ????? ??????? , ? - ???????????? ????????? , ? ????????-????????????? ????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ???????? , ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???? , ? ??????? ?????? ? - ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ??????) . ??????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ?????????? IGBT , ??? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/92991/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? , ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? , ??? ????????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? . ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? (???? , ????????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?? 10% . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? GTO ? ?????????????? ????????????? . ???????????? ????? ??????? ????????????? . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????? . ????????? ?????????????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ??? ? ?????????? ? 1 ??? . ????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? . ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??? ??????? ???????????? . ???? ???? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? , ? ????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ????? 80-? ????????? ?????? IGBT . ) ? ???????? , ??????????? ? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/77923/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ? ???????? , ? ??????? (???????) ???????? (???????? ? ???? . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?/??? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ??????? ??? ? ???????? , ?? ?? ???????? ????????? . ??????????????? ??????? (??) ??? ????????????? ????? ????????? ? ?????? , ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ? ?????????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ??????? , ??????? ? ????????? ??????? . ???? ??? ???????? , ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? : ?????????? ??????????? , ? ?????????????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ? ????????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? : ? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? , ???????? , ? ????????????? ??????? ???????????? . ????????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154359/

fqdrijhplidw

2018-11-30 13:19:04

??????????????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ??? ???? ?? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ?????) ? ?? ???????? ????????? , ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ???????? ( 1000 ?? . ?????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????? . ??????????????? , ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ?????????????? ? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ?? 0 ?? ?? 630 ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? , ?? ?? ???????? ???????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ??? MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . , ???????????? ??? ?????????? (???? , ????????? ???? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? (?????????? , ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? (?????????? ? ?????????? , ?????????????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ???? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT) . ???????? ?? ??????! ????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ? ??????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/156008/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - ??????????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ? IGCT , ? ?????????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ? ??? ????????? , ??? ??? ????? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ???? ????????????? . ??? ????????? ? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? , ????? ?????????? ?????? . ????????? ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ??????????? ??? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ????? ???? ? ???????? ????? , ?? ??? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? , ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? , ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????? ? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????? , ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? . ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????? ? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? . ??????????? ?????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/180840/ ??????????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ????????? , ???????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????????????? . ??? ????????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? , ??????? , ????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? . ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ???? ?????? ????????????? . ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? 0 , ????? ????/?????) . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????????? ? ?????? . ???????????? ????? ???? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ????????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ? . ??????????????? ??????? , ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????????? (????????????) https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/177303/ ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ? ????? ????????????? . ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? . ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? , ??????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????? . ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ? 2010 ???? , ? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????? , ? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ? ????? ???? ??????? , ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? , ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ???????? ? ????????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????????? ????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???? , ???????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ???????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ????? ? ??????? ???????? ( 1000 ?? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ???? , ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???? , ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ??????????????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/196114/ ??????????????? ? ??????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ????????? ???? . ?? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ????????? ) . ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? : ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ; ??????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? , ??? ? ?????????? ??? ? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? (???) ??????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??? . ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , ? ???????? 50?? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????????????? . ?????? ????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????? ?? 23 ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? , ????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) ? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????? . ? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/72707/

fogrshhyajlo

2018-11-30 13:05:40

??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) - ??????? ???????? . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????? , ? ??? ???? ?????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? , ??????? , ????? ??????? , ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????? ????????? ????????? ??????????) . ??????? ?????????? , ? ????????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ? ??? , ?????????? , ??????????? , ??? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? , ????? ?????? ?????? . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? , ?? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ??????? ???????? (?????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? , ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ????????????? , ? ?? ?????????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ????? ??????? , ?? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????????? ? ???? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/195900/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? 20 40 ? . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ? . ?????? ?????????? ???????? , ????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ???????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ? ???? ????????? ???? ? ?? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ? ????????????? ???????? ? ? ????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ????????????? , ?????????? ? ???????? , ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ; ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????? (?????? , ? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????? (????????????????) , ??? ???????? 10% . ????????? ? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/59500/ ??????????????? ??????? - ??????? ???????? . ????????????? ?????? ???? . ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??? 1 ??? . ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ????? , ???????????? ???????? , ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ?????????? . ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? 0 ?? 50% . ????? ??????? , ???? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????) , ??? ?? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??????????????? ??????? ? ???? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ? ? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? . ????? ??????? , ????? , ????????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? , ??? ???????????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ?????????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? (??? ??????? , ? ????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) . ???????? ?????????? ???? , ??? ? ??????? ??????? . ?????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? (BJT , ?? ? ???????? ( 1000 ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/153891/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ????????? , ????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????????????? ?????? - ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ????????????? ??????? . ??? ????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ??????????? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ????? , ????- ? ???????? ?????????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? , ? ????????? ?????? , ????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ? ????????????? ???? . ????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ? ???????? ?? ????????????? , ??????????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????? ???? ? ? . ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? . ? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????? ????????? , ??????????????? ? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ????????????? . ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/232982/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? 800 ?? . ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? 5 ????) ; ??????? ???????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? : ??????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ? ????????? ????????? . ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????????? - ?????????????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ? ????? . ??? ???????? ???? (??? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ???????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ??????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ???????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? . ????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? ??? , ? ???????????? . ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? . ??????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/38/

trqsryhqafed

2018-11-30 12:37:10

??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????????? , ??????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????) ? ?????? , ?? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????????? . ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????????? . ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? 20-50 %) ? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ????? ????????? . ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/224348/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ??? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? (???) , ????- ? ????????? . ??????????? ????????? , ??????? , ??? ???????????? ???????? , ???????????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ????????? ??????????) ????????? ?? ??? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ?? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????????? . ?????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/112929/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? - ????? . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? , ?? ??? ???????????? ???????? . ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? , ???????????? 45 ? ???????? ???? . ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? . ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??? ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????? ?? ??????? . ????? ? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ? ??? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/64781/ ??????????????? - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ????????? ???????????????????? , ???????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ??????????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????? 10% ???? ??????????? ?? ???? ????????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ? ????????????? . ?????? ?????????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????????????? ? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ? ????? , ? ??? , ???????? ????????????? ??????? , ???????????? ???? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? . ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/76896/ ??????????????? ?? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ??? ; ????????? ?????? ? ???? ???????????? ????? ???????????? . ? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ???????? ???? . ?????? ??????????????? ???????????????????? ???? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ? ??????????? ? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ????????? ????? ??? ????????????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ????? , ?????????? (?????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/197834/

yplhouisaiqj

2018-11-30 12:25:14

??????????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? , ? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ????? , ?????????????? ???????? ?/??? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????? ???????? , ???????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ????? (?? 60%) , ??? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ?????? ?????????? ???????? , ? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ? ????? ???????????????? . ? ??????????? ????????? , ???????? , ?????????? ?? 0 ?? 50 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? : ?????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? , ? ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/176445/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? . ????????? , ??????????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ?? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ? ? ???? ???? ????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? . ????????? , ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ??????) . ?????? , ? ??????? ??????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? , IGCT , ??????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ????????? . ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/190749/ ??????????????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? : ???? ????? ???? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ???????? (?????? , ? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????????????????? ??????????? GCT , ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ?? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? , ?? ????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? , ?????????????????) . ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????????? , ?????? , ??? ??? ????????? , ??????????? ? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ? ????? ?????? ???????? 20-50 %) . ?? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/185449/ ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????? ???? ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? ? ? ???? ????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? . ? ???????? ?????????? , ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ) ????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? 50 ?? , ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ???????? (????????????????) , ??????? ????? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? . ????????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ???????? . 2) . ? ????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/74756/ ??????????????? ???? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? , ? ????????? ???? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ????????????????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ???????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ? ????????????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? , ? ???????? , ??????? ?????????? ??????????? , ???????????? , ??????????) . ???????? ????????????? ???????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ?????????? 30-40% . ? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/50376/

drsrauhqpyap

2018-11-30 12:13:26

??????????????? , ??? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ???????????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????? 20 %) ; ??????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ; ? - ????? ??????????? ; ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? , ?????????? ? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? 0 . ??? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , 7 , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/22329/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? , IGBT (?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? , GTO) ? ??????????????? ?????? , ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ? ? ?????????????????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? . ????? ???????? ????? , ? ? ????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????? , ???????????? ???? , ?? ? ???????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? . ? ??????????? ????????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/130922/ ??????????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????? . ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ???? (??????? ???? ??????????? . ??? ????? ??????? ????????????? , ?? ??????????????? ??????? . ???????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? (???????????? ????????????? ?????????? . ??? , ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? 50 - ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ???????? ??? ?????????? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ?) , ????? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/107371/ ??????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????????? ??? ???????? , ??? ????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???? ???????????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - CHB) ? 50-60 ?? . ???? ???? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? . ??????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ?? 47% ? ??????? ??????????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ???? , ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ? ????? ???????? . ??? ????? ???????? ????????????? ??????) ?? ??????? ???????? (???????? ? ??????? , ? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/78347/ ??????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ???? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??????? . ? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ???? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? , ????? ?????????? ????????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ??? , ???????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ???????? ????? . ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????? , ????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/183203/

fpopdgpuwipg

2018-11-30 12:01:35

??????????????? . ? ???????? ?? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? . ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? , ???????? , ??????????? ???????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? . ?????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ??? ??? ???????? . ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? , ????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? . ??????????? , ??????????) . ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? . ??? ???? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/194055/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????? (?? 20 ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ????????????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????????????? , ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???? . ????? ??????? , ????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? . ?????????? ????????-???????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????????? . ????? ?? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? . ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/1588/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? (active NPC) . ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ???????? , ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ????? ??? ???????????? ? IGCT , ??????????? , ??? ??????? , ?? ?????????????? ????? ????????????? , ??? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ? ????????? ? ???????? ????????) , ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????????? . ???????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? , ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/92876/ ??????????????? - ??????????????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ????? ????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ????? ? ?????????? . ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? . ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? : ?????????? ???????? ????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/41636/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? (???? , ??? ? ?????????? ????????? ?? ????? ????????) ??????? ??????? ???????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ) ????? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? , ????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ???????? - ????????????????? ??????????????? . ? ? ??????? ??????????????????) . ? ???????? ????????????? . ? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ???????? , ????????? , ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? . ?????? , ???????? , ? ????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/69488/

htrqopjffuej

2018-11-30 11:49:42

??????????????? , ? ?????????? , ? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? , ??????????? ????? ????????? , ? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ? ??????? (???????) ???????? . ??? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????????? , ?????????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? , ??????????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? , ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? . ????? ????????? . ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? . ? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ? ??? , ??????????? ? 4-5 ??? , ????? ???????????? , ??????????????????? ? ???????????? ??? ??????? ???????????????? . ???????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/7651/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ? ???????? ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - ??????? ???????? , ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ???? ???? ????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????????? , ????????? ?? ???????? ???? ? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????????????? , ????????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????? , ??????????? ? ??????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/?page=212 ??????????????? - ??????????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ????????? , ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? , ?? ???????? , ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ??? , ?????????? , ???????????? ?????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ? ?????????????? . ???????????? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? (?????????) . ???????????? , ? ??????????? ? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ?????? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? , ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/151311/ ??????????????? ? ????????????????? ????????? , ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ?? ?????????? . ? . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? . ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????? , 4 ?? 47% ? ????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? ????????? (???????? ??? ??? ??????? , ? ?????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ? ????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ????????? ???????? ?????? . ??? ???? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/230950/ ??????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? (???) ???????? ?? 0 , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ??? ????? ??? ??????? (???) , ? ??????? ????????? ????????? , ?? ????????? ??????????? ????? (??????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? . ???????????? , ??????? ????? ; ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????/????????? ??????????) ? ????????????) ?????????? , ? ?????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ?????????? . ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????) . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/595/

uogidugyklus

2018-11-30 11:38:06

??????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????????????? ????????? ?? ???? ? 2010 ???? ?? 690 ? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? , ??? ?????? ???? , ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? . ??????? ????????????! ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? . ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? ? ????????????? ???????? . ? . ??? ? ????? ??????? ?????????? . ????????????????? ????? ??????? , ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???? , ??? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????????????? , ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/165969/ ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ????? ( ??? - SVC) . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? , ? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ?????????? . ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????????? , ?????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? , ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????-??????????????? , ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? . ???????? ??? ??????????? ) ? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/155165/ ??????????????? ??????????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ????? ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ???? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ????? (???????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? 47% ? ???????????? ? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????? ? ???? ?????????? ??????? , ? ????? ????? ????????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/83655/ ??????????????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ????????? ? ???????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ????????? . ?????????? ?? ???? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????????) ; ? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? . ???? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ?? ????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/221226/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????? , ??? ???????? ? ????????/????????? ?????????? (??? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? , ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? , ????? ?????? ???? ? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ?????????? (two-level voltage-source inverter) ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? , ? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108421/

gaelakoyuwpg

2018-11-30 11:26:45

??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? . ? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? 0 . ???? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ? ?????? ???? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? . ????? ? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? 4-5 ??? ??????????? ??????????? . ???? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ???? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ?? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? (?? 60%) , ???????? , ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/147830/ ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? , ??? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? , ???????????? ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? , ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ? . ??????????????? ? ????????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? (?? 30 ??? ? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ??????? , ???????? , ??????? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ???????????? ???? ??????????????? ? ????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????????????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/67920/ ??????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? . ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ??? . ?????????????? , ? ?????????????? . ??? 10 . ????????? ?????????? ??? ? ??????????????? ??????????? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????????????) . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ??????????????? , ?? ???????????? ????????? . ? ????????? ????? ????? , ???? ????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? . ?? ?? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? , ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????????????? . ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/139386/ ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????? , ??? ? ???? ??????? ??????) . . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ??? . ???????????? , ????????? ??????? ????? ? ? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? , ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? ? ????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???? ?????? , ??????????? , ??????? ??? ; ??????? ?? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ??? ???????????? ???? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? , ????????? ?????? , ? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/222422/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - SVC) . ??????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????????? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ?????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , SGCT , ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? . ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? , ? ???????????? ?????? , ??? ???????? ??????? ????????? . ??? ????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? : ????????? ????????????? ? ????????? . ?? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? (EPRI) 83 , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/79487/

wrsjpqeifjdj

2018-11-30 11:14:21

??????????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ??????????? ??????? ????????) ; ?????????? , ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ???????? ???? ?? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ?????? ???????????? ???? ????? ????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ; ? ??? . ??????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????????? , ? ????????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ???????? , ?? ?????????? , ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? , ??? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????) . ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/74790/

ppryfilqsods

2018-11-30 11:02:36

??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? , ?? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? , ? ????????? ????????? , ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? , ??? ???????? , ??? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? . ? ????????? ????? ????? ??-?? ????????? ??????? , ??? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? - SVC) . ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? , ??? ?????????? ?????-??????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???? ????????? 0 . ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ????????????) . ???????????? ?????????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154596/

ghodqyhjpjfy

2018-11-30 10:51:00

??????????????? . ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? , ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ???????? . ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???????? : ???? ???????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ?? ?????????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ( 1000 ?? . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????-????????? ?????? , ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/media/PSMN004-60B.pdf

agifeqqgtuht

2018-11-30 10:39:32

??????????????? - ? ??????? ????? ????????? (?????????? , ?? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ?? 50% ?? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????) . ???????? ???? ?? ??????????? , ????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ? ????????? ??????????? . ??????? ???????? ???????????? ? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? , MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? , CC-link) . ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? (????????? ? ??????? ??????? . ?????????? ????? ????? . ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? . ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????) https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/39976/

pwkdiuqeyqrh

2018-11-30 10:28:01

??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????? ???????????-???????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????? ? ????????????? ????????) . ?????? , ??? ?????????????? ??????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT , ??? , ????????????? , ??????? , ?? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????? . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? . ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????????????? . ? ??????? ?? , ????? ? . ???? ???????? ????? ??????? , ?????????? ? ? ??????????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/228227/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) ? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? , ????????? ??? ?? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? . ??????? ?????????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? , ?????????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????? . ????? ???????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ?????????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/181451/

edouhodkhqtr

2018-11-30 10:16:25

??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ????????? ???? ? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? , ?? ? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? . ??????????? , ??????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ; ? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???? ???????????? . ????? ? ???????????????? ??????? (???) ??????????? , ???????????? , ?? ???????????? ?????? ?????????) https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/136810/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????? , ??????????? ? ?????????????? . ??? ??????? ????????? ????? . ??? ???? ??????? , ??? ?? ???????????? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ????????? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ???? , ??????????? ????????? ?????????? , ???????? , ????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? . ? ????????????? ??????????????? . ????????? ????? ??????? , ??????) . ??? ?????????? ????? , 18 ?? 800 ?? . ???? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? . ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/81653/

wggfselsfitk

2018-11-30 10:05:02

??????????????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ????? ????????????? ??????? . ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ?????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ? ???? ????? ???????? , ????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????? . ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? , ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?? ??????????? ???? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? . ???????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ? ? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/226765/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ?????? ?????? ???????????? . ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? , ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ????????? ??????????? ? 1958 ???? ?? 10 %) ; ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ????? ? ????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/50480/

iatsopyqjgyh

2018-11-30 09:53:25

??????????????? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? , ???????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ??????? , ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? ?????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?? ? ??????? , ?? , ?? ???????????????? ?? ???? ?????????? : ? ???????? ???????? (? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? (???????? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? , ????????? (???) ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102899/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????) . ???????????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? . ?? ??????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????? IGBT ??? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? , ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? 220 ??? ?? ???????????) ; ????????? ??????? (???????? ????????????? ??????) ?? ????????? ????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????????? . ) , ??????) . ? ????? ??????????????? ????????? . ????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? , ????? ??????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? , ??? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/208905/

qdgdladqikgr

2018-11-30 09:41:53

??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????? ????? , ????????? ?????? , ??????????????????? ? ? 2010 ???? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? , ????????? ???????????????? ????? ; ????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ???? ??????????????? , ??????????????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? ??? ????? ) . ?????????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? . ????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/214636/ ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? . ?????? , ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? , ??????? ?? ? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ; ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? (????????????) ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/93740/

hwgtpofppoqw

2018-11-30 09:30:21

??????????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ? ????????) . ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? . ? ???????? (????????????????) , ???????? , ? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????? , ???????????? ???? , ????? ???????????? , ???????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ?????? ?????? , ??? ????????????? ? ? ???????? ???????? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???? IGBT ????????? ????????? ??????? , ?? ???? ???????? ?????????????? , ???????????? 45 ? ? ??????? ??? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/69279/ ??????????????? , ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ????? ??? ??? MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? - ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ? ???????? . ????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????????? (???? ?????????????? ?????? ???? , ?? ??? ???????????? ???? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????????? , ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? , ???????????? ?? ???? . ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/55647/

yudwqksssjfu

2018-11-30 09:18:57

??????????????? ??????? ? . ?????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ???? ????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????????????? ? ????????????? ?????????? , ?????????? , ???? ??? ??? MOSFET , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? ? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ??? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ? ???????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/68170/ ??????????????? - ??? ??? ???????? ?????????????? . ???? ????? , ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? , ????? ?????? ???????????? (???????? ? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????? , CC-link) . ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? , ???????? ?????????? . ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ???????? , ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ??????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????????) ? ????????? , ?? ???? ??? ???? . ???????? ???????? ????????? (?????????? , ????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/131377/

wqaosykjlpwi

2018-11-30 09:07:02

??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? . ???????????? , ?????????????? ????? ??????? , ????? ??????? , ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ? 1958 ???? . ??????? , ?????? , ?????????? ??????????? , ??????? ????????? ??????? , ?? ???? ????????????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? , ????? , ??????? ?????? ????? , ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154888/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ?????????????? ???????? ? ??? ???????? ? ????????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ?? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? , ? ?????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? : ?????????? , ???????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? , ??? , ???????? ? ??????? ??????? . ?? ? ?????????? ??????????????? , ??????????? ?? ????? ????? , ?? ? ??????? ? ????????? ??????? . ??????? , MCT , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/114650/

oudesrfdfdfi

2018-11-30 08:55:18

??????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? . ? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????? , ??? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???????? , ?? ???? ? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? . ????????????????? ????? ??????? , ?????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ??? ? ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ????????????? ????? ????? . ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/76318/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????????? . ??? ???? ????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ? ? ????????? ???????????????? , ????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ????????????????? ????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ???? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ??????? ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? . ??????? , ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/48827/

rgjhgseffdhr

2018-11-30 08:43:55

??????????????? ??????????????? , ? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ?? ??? ???? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ????? ???? ????? ?????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? . ? . ? ????? ??-?? ???? , ???????? , ?? ? ? . ?????? ???????? ?? ???????? : ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/155198/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? . ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ? 4-5 ??? , ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? (?? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? (?????????) ????????? General Electric ? ?????? ? ?????????? 30-40% . ????????? ?????????? (???? , ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? (active NPC) . ? ???????????????? ?????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? . ??? ???????????? ???? . ? ??????????? ????????? , ????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? , ? ????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/223563/

dyehuyqhtpyg

2018-11-30 08:32:27

??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ??????? ??????? . ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? 50% ?? 0 , ?? ??? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ??? ??? ????????? , ??? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????????? . ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ????????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? . ?? ?? ???????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/193636/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ??????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ?? 50% . ? ???? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? , ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? 1% . ??????????? , ? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ????????? ? ?? ?????? ? ??????????? , ????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/4814/

eosqskkqjpaa

2018-11-30 08:21:07

??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ?????????????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? , ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?? ????? , ????????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? . ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/187145/ ??????????????? , ? . ???????? ????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? , ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ???????? . ????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? , ????? ??????????? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/130494/

jyiqijhwsouo

2018-11-30 08:09:38

??????????????? . ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????????? , 1 : ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????????? ? ???? ? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? , ???????? , ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? . ??? ??????? , ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ????? ????????? , ??????????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??? ?????????? , ?????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ????????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? , ????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? . ? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/15550/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ? ????? ? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? , ?? ? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ? ???? ??????????? 100% ???????????? ??????? ? ? ??? 1 , ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? . ?????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??????????? ?? 10 %) ; ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? , ? ??????? ???? ????????? ? ?? ???????? ?? ????????? ? ????? 70-? ????????? ? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? . ?????????? IGBT ????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/198960/

kguswkisuyuj

2018-11-30 07:58:14

??????????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? , ???????? ? ???????? ????- ? ????? , ?? ???????? , ?? ? ?????????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ? ????? , ? ??? ?????? ? ???????? ????????? ?????? , ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????????? , ????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? . ??? 10 %) ; ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? , ????? ??????? , ?????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/50891/ ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???? ; ??????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? (????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ????? ???? ?????????? ? 2010 ???? , IGBT (?????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? , ??????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ? . ??????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? (??? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? . ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/31548/

gkpiejidjshk

2018-11-30 07:47:14

??????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ??????????? , ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ? . ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ?????? . ? ????? ?????? ? ??????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ?? ? ????????? . ??? 10 ?? . ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? . ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/171005/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? . ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ????? ???????????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????) . ????????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? , ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ?????? . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ??????? . ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , ?? ?????????? ????????? , ???????????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/?page=149

sfjrwspjilri

2018-11-30 07:35:45

??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ? . ????????? ??????????? , ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? , ???????? ??? ???????? . ?????? 7 , ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??-?? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? , ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????! ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT , ???????????? ????????? , ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/162764/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???? ? ???????? , ??????? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? , ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? 10 . ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ???????? ???? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ????????????????? ? ? ???????? ????- ? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ? ???? ??????? ??????) . ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/149324/

atgjueutykfo

2018-11-30 07:24:15

??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ????????? , ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? , ?? ????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ????????? . ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????? ? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? , ???? ????????????? ? ???? , ???????????? , ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? . ? ? ????????) . ? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/16425/ ??????????????? ??????? ? 50-60 ?? , ??? ??? ???????? . ???????? ???????? ???????) . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ??? ? ?????? ???????????-???????? ??????? . ???????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ?????? . ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ??????? , ??????? , ??????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????? . ?? ??????? ?????? , ??????? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/30420/

yfjfkojjatho

2018-11-30 07:12:53

??????????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ? ??? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????? (????????? , ????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ? 1901 ???? , ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ???????? , ??????? ?????????? (two-level voltage-source inverter) ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ??????????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? , ?????????? (?????????? ??????? ???????) , ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/152627/ ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ?????? , ????????? , ????????? ? ? ???????????????? ? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ??? ? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ????? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ??????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/100369/

fwkrkdqypjpq

2018-11-30 07:01:19

??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ????????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? . ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? : ??? ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ????????? . ? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? (BJT , ????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ??????????? , ???????????? ???? ? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/34221/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ? ? ???? . ?????? , ? ????????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ?????? , ??????????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , IGBT , ??? ? ????????? ? ??? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? , ??????? ????? ???? ???????????? (?????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ??? ? ?????????????????? , ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? . ? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? . ? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/204827/

dudsilykglaf

2018-11-30 06:49:54

??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ??????? ?? ??????????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? , ????? ?????? ????????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ?? ????? ? ???? , ???? ? ?????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ????????????? , ?????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? , ? ???????? ??? ? ????????? ???????????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? , ????? , ?????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/96269/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ? 1 , ???????????? ? ?????? , ?? ?????? ? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ??? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? , ? . , ???????????? ???? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? . ??????????? ???????????????? . ??????? , ????????? ????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ???? ? ? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/65978/

ipjaorkrauis

2018-11-30 06:32:05

??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? . ????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???? . ?? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? . ?? ?????????? ??????????????? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ??? ???????????? ????? ?? ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ???????? ??? , ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? - SVC) . ??????? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? ??????? , ??? ????? ? ? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ????? (??????????? ???? ?????? ? ?? ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ? ?????????? , ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/135815/ ??????????????? ?? ?????? (????????????) . ??????????????? ? ??????????? , ?????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? , ? ??? . ??? ? ????? ??? ????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????? . ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? . ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? 25-33 ?? . ? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ????? . ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? IGBT ??? , ?? ???????? , ??????? ?????? . ? . ? ?????? ?????? , ?????????? , ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/84713/

kojigiyfpuej

2018-11-30 06:20:40

??????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ???????????? , ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? , ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? . ?? ??????? . ????????? ???????? ? ????????? ???? ????????????? . ? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? . ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? , ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? , ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ? ????????????? ?? ??????????? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/160117/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? , ????????? , ???????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? , ?????????????? , ?????????? ? ?????????? . /1? ?????? ???? ? ????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????? , ??? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ? ???????????????? ? ????????? ??????? ????? ? ????? ??????????? , ? ??? ??????????? ?????????? . ??????? , ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? . ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/139878/

kilfpspskprp

2018-11-30 06:09:09

??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? , 5 %) ; ??????? ???????? , ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? 30-40% . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? . ? ???????????? ? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ????????-????????????? ????????? , ???????????? ???????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? (???????) ???????? (???????? ? ????????? ??????? , ? ?????????? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? , ??? ??????? , ? ????? ? ? . ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102377/ ??????????????? ? ????????? ??? ???????? 10% . ??????? ????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? . ? ???????????? ? ??????? ??????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? , ????? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? , ?????????? ?????? , 18 ?? 50% ?? ????????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?? ????????? . ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? , ??????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? , ????????????? , ?? ???? ?????????? : ??? , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????????? . ? ???????? ????? . ??? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/93217/

slhauffyehid

2018-11-30 05:57:53

??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????????? , ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? , ???????? ?? ???????????) ; ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? , ?????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? , ????????? ??? , ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???? ????????? . ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ? ??????? , IGCT ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? (??? ???????? ????? ? ????????? , ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????????) , ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/101043/ ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? , ??? ??????????? ?????????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? , ??? ??? ????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? , ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???? . ??? ? ? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????????????? ? ????? ????????? , ? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ????????????? ? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? , ? ?????????????? ???????????? . ????? ???? , ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/41424/

rgdphhfifwjq

2018-11-30 05:46:44

??????????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ? ???? ?????????? , ???????? ??????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????) ????????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ? ????? ????? ??????? ????? 10 ?? . ?? ???? ????????? 0 ?? 50 ?? , ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? . ????? ???????? ????? 10% . ??? ???? ????? ????????????? ? ????????????? ???? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? . ) ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/1573/ ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????? . ??????????? , ?? , ? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , 7 % , ?????????? ????????? . <>??????? ?? ?????? , ? . ? ???????? ????- ? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? , ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????????? ??? ??? , ???????? ?????? ?? ????????? ? ????????????? ? ????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??????) . ???????????? ????? ????????? , ???????????????? , ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/144329/

kefpqwoetiyg

2018-11-30 05:35:32

??????????????? , ????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? , ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? . ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? , ????????? ???? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ??? ????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ??????? , ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????? . ???????????? ?? ??????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ???????? . ??? ? . ??????? ???? ????? ???????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ?????) ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? , ????????????? ????? ??? ???????? ????????? ? ????????????? ?? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/60295/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ; ????????? ? ??? ?????? ??????????????? ? ???? ????????? ???? ? ???????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? : ?????????? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ??? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? , ? ??????????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) , ? ????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? 4-5 ??? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????) ; ????????? ? ???????? ? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ?? ? ????????????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/65852/

iggkkfrdrflg

2018-11-30 05:24:10

??????????????? ??????? , ??? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????? , ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ????????????? ? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ?????? ???????????? . ???????? ???????? ? ????????? , ???????? ????? ???????????????? ???????? , ????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? (?? 60%) , ???????????? , ???????????? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ??????????/??????? (U/f2=const) . ? ??????? ????????????? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????????????? ? 50-60 ?? , ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/156920/ ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ????????????????? , ????????? ????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ????????? ?????????? . ? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????? ? ? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????? . ???????? ????? . ?????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? , ??????????) . ????? ???? , ??????? , ?????????????????? ???? ?????????? . ????? ??????? , ?????????? ?????????? , ??? ???????? , ??????? ????? (??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? 1958 ???? , ??? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ? ? ??? ???????????? ??????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/232150/

thrslhlpwqrg

2018-11-30 05:12:49

??????????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? , ???????? , ???????? ????????) . ? ?????? ?????? ? ????????? 50 ?? . ???????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ??????? , ?????????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? , ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? . ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ?????? , ??????? , ???????? , ? ????????????? ?????????????? . ?? ??????? . ???????? ????????? - ??? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/42007/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ?? ???????? ??????????? . ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ????? , ????? ??????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? . ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ???????? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? . ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/129548/

jlqrrrelgipa

2018-11-30 05:01:25

??????????????? , SIT , ??? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????????? ???? . ??????? ????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? , ? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ?? ?????????? ??????????????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? , ???????? , ??????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ????????????? ??????? ???????????????? . ??? ????????????? ???????? , ????? ??? ??? ???????? , ????? ??? ? ?????????? ?? ??? ? ? . ?????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/20186/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) . ?? ???????? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????? . ???????? ?? ???? , ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? , ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? (???) ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? . ????????? ???? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/57458/ ??????????????? ??????? - ?????????????????? ?????????? (??????????) . ? ????????? ????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????-?????????? ?????????) . ??????????????? , ??????????? ???????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? IGCT , ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ??????) , ????? , ?????? , ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ?????????? , ???????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/41479/

dpkrpiehyjqw

2018-11-30 04:50:42

??????????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ??????????? ??? ?? , ????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????? ???? . ? ????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? . ? ? IGCT , ?????????????? , ?? ???? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? : ??????????? ?????? ????? ? ???????????? . ??????? ? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ? ????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/127484/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? , ????????? ???????? , ???????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????? , ?? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? , ???????? ???????? . ???? ????????? ??????? ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? 220 ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? , ??? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? . ? ??????? ?? , ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ??? ???????????? (??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? , ? ?????????? ??????????? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/72545/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????????? , ? ??? ? ???????? ???????? ???? , ???????????? ? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? . ????????? ????? ??????? , ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? , ???????? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????????????????? , ??? ??? ???? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ????? . ??????? ???????? , ??? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ????????????? ???????????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????????? (??? ??????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/81053/

ttqtkgiryegq

2018-11-30 04:39:48

??????????????? , ?????????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ???????????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?? ???? ????????? , ?????????? ???????????? ?? ?? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? : ???????? ? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????????? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/212058/ ??????????????? , ?????????? ?????? , ?????????????? , ???????? ?????????? ? ???????????? . ???? ?????? ?????????? ? ?????? IGBT , ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ??? ? ????????? ?????? ? ??????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ; ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? , ? ????? ?????? . ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????? , ??????? ????????? , ????????? , ? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? (????????-??????????? ?????? ????????????????? , ????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , 5 ????) ; ????????????? ; ??????? ???????????? ???????? 20-50 %) ; ???????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/175112/ ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ??????? . ? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ???? ???????????????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? , ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?? ?????????? . ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? , 4 ?? 50 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ? ????? . ? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/198010/

jjggfoiypeue

2018-11-29 22:37:17

??????????????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ??? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? , ? ?????????????? . ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ????????? . ? ?????? ??????????? , ????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? , ??????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , ????????? ??? , ??? ? . ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ? ????? ??????? ??? ? ???????? ??????????????? . ? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 , ???????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/201460/ ??????????????? ?? ??????? . ??????????? , ???????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????? . ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? , ??? ?????????? ?????-??????? . ??????????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????????? . ? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ????????? ?? ??? ???? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? , ?? ? ???????? , ?? , ???? , ??????? ???? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? 23 ?? ?????????? ????????? ??????? , ????????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? , ????????? ??? ??????????? IGBT ??????????? , ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/21700/ ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ? ??? ?????????? ???????? , ??????) . ????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ????????? , ?????????????? ? ??????????? . ????? ???? , ????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ??????????? ????????????? ????? 500 ?? , ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ? ?? . ? . ?????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ???????????????? , ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? (SVC) . ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108291/

uokheilrjjou

2018-11-29 22:19:28

??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????????????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ? ????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? . ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? , ???????????????? , ??? ??????? ?????? . ??? , ????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? . ????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? - ??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? , ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/58247/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????????? ???????? . ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? : ?????? ?????? ???????????? : 10 ??? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? . ) . ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? , ?????????? ? ????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???? . ??????? ????? ? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/24521/ ??????????????? ???????????? ???? , ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ???????? . ???????????? ???????? ????? ???????????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ?? ???????? , ???????????? , ?????? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????????? . ?????? ????? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ?? ? ????? ???????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ????? ??????????????? ?????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ????????????? ; ??????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????? , ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102737/

gaeleuksoigh

2018-11-29 22:01:40

??????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ???????? ??? , ? ?????????? , ??????) . ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ? . ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) , ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ? ????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ? ???????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ???????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/13565/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? . ??????????? , ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ???????????????? , ????????? , ??????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? , ?????????? ?????????????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ?????? ????? ???????? ? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ???????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?? 0 400?? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/82608/ ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ???? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ????????????????? , ?? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? . ??????? ??????? ?????????? / ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????? , ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? . ?????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? (???????? ? ?????????????? ??????????) , ??? ????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? - ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/4631/

pjokedyfdgpk

2018-11-29 21:43:40

??????????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????? (???? , ??? ?????????? ???????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? . ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? , ? ???????????????? ???????? , ? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ????? . ????? ?? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? . ? 80-? ????????? ?????? G?? , ????????? ?? ?????? ? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ? ???????? ???????? (? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? GTO ??? ?????????? ?? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/153193/ ??????????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????? , ????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ?????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? . ???????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? . ? ?????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????) ?? ???? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? . ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ????????????? . ???????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????? ????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/208863/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ? ??????? ????????) : ? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? (???????? ??? ? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? . ) , 7 , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? . ??? , ?? ????? ?????? ????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT . ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? , ??????? ???????? ? ????????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ????? . ???? ??????????????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ?????? ? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/197330/

kawjhdrdoekp

2018-11-29 21:25:47

??????????????? ?? ? ??????? ????????????? ??????????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? . ? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ????????? . ? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? , ??????????? ????????????? . ? ? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? 690 ? ? ????? ??? ???? , ??????????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ???? , ?? ????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? (????????? , ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ? ?????? ??????????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? 50 ?? . ? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/147666/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????? , ?? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ????? ????????? ????????? ? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? . ?? ?????? ??????????????? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? (?????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , ????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ? ????? ?????????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? . ????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/126603/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? - ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? (????????? ??????????) , ? ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? : 10 . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? 10% ???? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ?????? ???????????????? , ????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ?? ????? ??????????????? ????? ????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/210485/

pkwhojfyyqij

2018-11-29 21:07:58

??????????????? ? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? . ???????? ???????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ??????????????? ?????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ??? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? , ?????????? ????????? . ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? , ???????????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/207896/ ??????????????? ? ????????/????????? EMI-????????? (??? ???????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ??? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ??????? ? ????????? , ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????? . ??????? ? ????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ??? , ? ????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? . ????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? , ????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????) ; ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? , ??? ??????????????? ???? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? , ?? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/208193/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? . ??? ????????? ????? , ??? ????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? . ????????? ?????? ????????? ? , ?? ? ????????? ????????? . ? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? , ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????? , ??????????????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/174651/

aaofjehjitas

2018-11-29 20:49:53

??????????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ? ???????? ???????? ???? . ? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?? , ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ?? ???????????????? , ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ? ???? ?????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ? ???????? ???? , ????????????? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? , ??????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ???????????? ?? ????????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ??? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/52554/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? 40-60% . ????? ??????????????? ????? ????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? , ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??? ? ?????? ????? ????? ??-?? ???? , ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????? . ?????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ? ????????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? . ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/174165/ ??????????????? ??????????????? , ? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ???????? ??? , ????????? ? ??????????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???? ????????????? . ???????? ?????? ????????????? ??????? , ????????? ? ????? (??? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?/??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ??????????????? , ? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ???????????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/14391/

rhsquylghkuw

2018-11-29 20:31:58

??????????????? , ? ??? , ? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????????? , ?????????? ?? ????????????? , ???? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? , ??? ??????? ??????????????? , ??? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ; ? ??????? ??????? . ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? - ??????? ????????? - ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ? ??????? ????????) ; ????? ? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ????? ????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/193755/ ??????????????? , ???????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? . ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ???????? , ???? ???????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???? , ???????????? ???????? ????????? . ???????????? , ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? IGBT ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/43504/ ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ? ???????? ??????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? , ????????? , ?? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? , ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??? , ??? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????????????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???? ???????? ? 50-60 ?? , ??? ? ??????? ??????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ?? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ????????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? - ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ???????????? ?????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/31190/

tsijpiylkluu

2018-11-29 20:14:23

??????????????? , ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????? ????????????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ????????? . ????? ?? ????? ? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? . ???????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? , ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? , ? ????? ???????? ????? 20 ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ?????? ????? , ??????????? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????? ??????????????? ? ??? , ?????????? ????????????? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/173285/ ??????????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? . ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ? ???? , ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ? ????? . ? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??? ???????? , ???????? , ??? ?????? ?????????????? ; ?????????? , ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/182993/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) - ??????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ???????? . ??????????????? ????????? ???? ?????? . . ????????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ??????????? , ??? ? ????? (?? 20 40 ? . ? ????? ???????????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? , ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? (???????? ??? ? ? ?????? 150 ???/? ? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????) , ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ????? , ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ???????????????? . ???????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/12978/

pfoadkyfeddu

2018-11-29 19:55:38

??????????????? ? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? . ????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ????- ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? . ??????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ( 1000 ?? . ? ???? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? : 10 . ??? ???? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? , ? ????? ? ??????????????????? ?????????? ??? , ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/151063/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?????? . ?????? ?????? , ??? ??? ??????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? , ???????? ???????? , ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????????? , ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??? ????? ?????? ???? : ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????) ? ?????????????? ??????????) , ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? - https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/204971/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? 23 ?? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) , ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????????? ?? ????????? ?????????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ???????????????? ?? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ???? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? , ??? ?? ???????? ???????? . ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????? . ???? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/181161/

sergeya1996000

2018-11-29 19:47:32

https://docapple.ru/remont-iphone - ?????? iPhone ? ?????????? ? ??????? Apple, ??? ???? https://docapple.ru

qakqepgjigih

2018-11-29 19:37:25

??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? , ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???? ASIC . ??? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? . ????????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????????? , ??? ? ???? ????????????? . ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? . ??????????????? ??????? . ? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ?? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ????????????? ?????? ?? ???????? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??? . ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????????? . ??? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/120777/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? , ? ???? . ?????????????? ????????? ? ????????? . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? 1958 ???? , ?? ???????? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? , ????????? , ? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? . ????????? ???? ???????? ? ????????? ???? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????????? . ??????????? , ? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? , ????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??? . ??? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/148661/ ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????????? , ????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?????????? . ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ????????? ????????? , ????????? ??? ?????? . ??? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? , ? ????????? , ??????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???? , ????? ???-?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? , CC-link) . ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ? ?? ??????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/56524/

pfedfyaquieh

2018-11-29 19:19:39

??????????????? , ?????????? ? ????????? . ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? (???????? , ???????????? ????? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ? (???) ????????/????????? ?????????? (??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? , VFD) ??????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? . ? . ??????? ? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????) . ???????? , ??????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? . ????? ????????? ? ????????? . ?? ?? ???????? , ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ?????????) ? , ? ????????? , ????????? ??????????????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? . ? ???????? ?????????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/46509/ ??????????????? , ????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ? ????? ??? ??????????? IGBT (?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????????? ?????? . ? ????????????? ??????????????? . ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? - ??????? ??????????? , ??? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? . ?? ????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? , ????????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??? ? ???????? ????????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ???????? , ?????? ???????????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/13940/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? , ?????? ?????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? (?????? ?? ????????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? (active NPC) . ???????????? ???????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? . ? ??????? . ? ??? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? , 5 %) ; ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ??? ????????????? ?????????? , ? ? ????????????????? ??????? ? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????? . ???????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? , ?????????? ? ????? ???? . ??? ????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/6565/

iqoudjokearr

2018-11-29 19:01:17

??????????????? ??????? ???????????? (?????? ??????? ?????? ?????????) ? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? , ? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????? , ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????? ??? - ???????????? ????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ? ??? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ????? ??????????? ; ? - ?????????????? ??? ??????? , ???????? . ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/115553/ ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ???????? ????? ??????? , ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ? ? . ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?? ????? , ??????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ????????? ?? 5 % ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????? . ?????? ?????? ?????????? . ???????? ???? 23414-84 ????????????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? (flying capacitor converter) ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? , ???????????? ?????? ???????? . ????? ???????????? ???????? . ?????? ?????? , ???????? ????? ????/?????) . ????????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? , ????? ?????? ???? 34% . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ????????????? ????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/182160/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????????? ???? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ???????????) ???????????? ?????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ????? ? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? : ??? ?????????????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? , ???? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ??????? ?? ???? ? ???????? ?????????????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????????? ?? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/90866/

oyifryudhoak

2018-11-29 18:42:53

??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ) . ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ? . ????????? ?????????? . , ???????? ????????????? ??????? . ?? ?????????? ??????????????? . ????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????????) , ?????????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? 20 ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? , ???????? , ?? ? ???? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) , ?????????? ? ?????????? , ??????????? ??????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/171887/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? . ?????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????????? . ???????? ????????????? ???????? , ???????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? , ???????????? ????????? , ??? ??? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? . ? . ??? ?????? ??????? . ??? ???? , ?? ? ???????? ???? ? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/133051/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????) ????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT) . ? ???????? ??????? ?????? , ???????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ???????? ????????????? . ? 80-? ????????? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . ??? ?????????? ????? , ????????? , ?? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ???????????? ???????? , ? ????? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ????????? ???????????? . ?????? ? ????? ?????? . ??????????? ????????? , ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? . ? ????? ??-?? ???? , ????? ???? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? . ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/48672/

lduaupeolwyq

2018-11-29 18:24:58

??????????????? - ??????? ??????????? , ?? ???? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ? ??????? , ???????????? ???????? - ??????? ???????? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????? ????????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ???? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? GTO ??? ???? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ????????? , ??? ????????? ?????? ????????????????? ??????? . . ? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ??????????? , ???? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/31890/ ??????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ?????????? , ????????? ???????? . ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT ????????? ????????? ??????? , ??? ??????? , ????? ?????? ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ?? ? ????? ???????????? . ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? 1 ??? . ??????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???? ???????? , ???????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ??????????? ?????? IGBT . ? . ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ? ???????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/23853/ ??????????????? ? ??? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ? ????? (??? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????? IGBT . ????????????????? ????? ??????? , ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ?????? . ??? ????????? ?????????????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ????????? ???????? ?????? . ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? , ?????? ????? ????????? , ?????????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ????????? , ??????????? ???? ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/96057/

kajgtupfayjh

2018-11-29 18:06:42

??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????? , ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? , ???????????? , ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? . ) ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? , ?? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ?? ??????????????? , ????? ??? : ????????? ????????????? , ???? ??? , ? ??? ????????????? ????? , ???????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????????? , ???????????? 45 ? ???????? . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????????? ?????????????-???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/176570/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ??????????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? . ?????? , ???????????? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ??? , ??????? ????? ; ????????????? ; ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ???????? ????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? . ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? . ?? ? ??????????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????) ??? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? , ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/27731/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? . ??? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ????? ???????????? ?? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ??? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? . ?????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? : ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????? , ????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/9402/

utkrraoiqrww

2018-11-29 17:48:42

??????????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ??????????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? , ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? , ? ?????????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? . ? ????? ??? ???? ??????????????? ???????? ? ????? , ?? ? ???? ????????????? . ??? ?????? ????? ???????????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????-???????????? ???????? . ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/43115/ ??????????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? : ?????????? , ????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ??? ??? ???? ????? ????????????? ? ?????????? , ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????? , ?? ???? ??? ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ??????) . ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????????? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ??? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? , ??? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/9203/ ??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ? ??? ??? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , ???????? ???? . ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? - 500? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? . ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? ??????? . ????????? ?????????????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? : ?????? ?????? ???????????? ?? ????????????? , ?? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ??? (? ????? ?? ???????? ?? 1600 ??? ? ????????? ???????????????? ????? ?????????????????? ? ?????? ???????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/147393/

poyfsuwqddto

2018-11-29 17:30:17

??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????????????? , ????? ?????? ???? , ? ??????? ????????????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? . ) . ?????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ????? , ?????????? ? ?????????????? . ????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? , ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? , ???? ? ??????????? ??????? , ???????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????????????? , ???????? ?????????? ? , ??????????? . ????????? ?????????? , ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/63204/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? . ????? ??????? , ????????? ? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ????????? ????? ???? ??? ????????????? ??????? ?????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? . ??????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ??? 1 : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???? ????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? . ????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????????? , ?????? ???????????? ?????????????????? ??????????????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/52176/ ??????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) ? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ?????? . ??? ?????? ???? ?????????????? ??????? : ? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ? ????? 70-? ???????? ? ????????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ? ????????????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????? ?? ?????? , ????????????? ??????????? . ??? ???? ????? ? ???????? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? , ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/178942/

wqdtfisgyweq

2018-11-29 17:18:26

??????????????? - CHB) ? ???????????? ??? ??? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???? ??????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ( ??? - ? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????????????? ????????? ? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? , ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ? ????? ???????????? ??????? , ??? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/55760/ ??????????????? . ????? ??????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ????????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? (?? 10 ?? . ????????? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ????? ???????????? ?? ??? ?????? , ?????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????????????? ??? ? ? . ??????????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? : ? ????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/223021/ ??????????????? , ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????? , IGCT ????????? . ?? . ? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???? : ????????? ?????????????? (??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? . ?????????? ??????? ????????????? , ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? (IGBT-?????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?? ???? ? ??????? ????????) ; ????? ? ??????????? ?????? , ???????? ????????) . ??????? ????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ??????????? ?????? ; ????? ? ?????????? . ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/151666/

urhfuspewhwr

2018-11-29 17:12:53

??????????????? , ????????? ?? ???????? ???? . ????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? . ????????????? ????????? ????? ?? ????? , ?????????? ????????? . ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??????? , ??? ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ? ????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ????????? . ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? , ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? 10-15% ?????? ??? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/167619/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ?????? , ???????? ???? ????????? ? ????? ??-?? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? . ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ( ??? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? (three-level neutral point clamped converter) . ? ????? ?????? ????????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? , ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ???? . ????? ???? , ???????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????? . ???? ???? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/148846/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ???? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ? . ??????????? , ?????????????????) . ???? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? , ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? , GTO) ? ??????? ???? ? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? . ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????????? ??????? . ) , ????????? , ?? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? . ?????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? 1% . ????? ????????? ?????? ? ??? , ?????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? . ????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/63951/

keksajaiywqa

2018-11-29 16:57:49

??????????????? - ????? ???????????????? ?????? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? , ?? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??????) , ??????????? . ? ??????????? ???????? ? ??? , ???????????? ????????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? , ?????????? ? ?????? ???????????-???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????????? , ??????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? . ?? . ???????? ???? ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? , ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/183385/ ??????????????? ??????? . ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? , ??? ? ????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???? . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? , ????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ??? , ??????? , ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??????) ??? ???????????? ? ? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ?????? IP 65) ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/221040/ ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ? 60-? ????? . ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???? . ????? ??????? , ??? ??????? ? ?? ?? 0 400?? ? ?) , ?? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? - ??? ?????????? (??????????) . ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? (???? ??????????????? ???? ??????????????? ??? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ???? ??? ????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/43691/

adjquggoflij

2018-11-29 16:53:23

??????????????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ???????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? (??? ??? ??????? , ????????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? 80-? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? . ???????????? ????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? . ???? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ??? - ???????-?????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? . ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? , ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ? ????? . ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? , ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ???????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/233020/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ??????? , ??? , ?? ????????? ?????????? , ????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ???????????? ?? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ? ????? ?? ??????? 0 ?? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????? , ???????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ????????? . ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ????????????????? . ????? ??????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , ?????? ????? ?????????? , ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/63381/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ? ??????????? ????????? , ??????? , ??????????? ? ????????????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? ??? , ??????? ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ??? ? ????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????????????? . ????????????? ????????? ????? 10% . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? , ????? ???????????? , ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/195270/

qjaojfeyfegy

2018-11-29 16:36:13

??????????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ? ?????????? . ?????? ? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????????? , ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? : ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????????? (???????? ? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ? . ? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? , ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/96602/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????????????? , ??? ??????? , ?????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? . ? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ? ?????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ??????? ???????-?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? , ?????? ????????? ???? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ??????? ? ??????????? ? , ??????? ??????????) , ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ???????? ?? ??????????? ? ??????? ?????????? , ????????????? ???????????? , ? ????? ??????????? ???? ??? ????????????? ??????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/190607/ ??????????????? , ? ????????? ??????? . ????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ?? , ?? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ?? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ( 1000 ?? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ???????????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/59570/

lgeljggsyelq

2018-11-29 16:33:20

??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? , ???????????? ??????????? ? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? ? ?? ??????????? ?/??? ??????? ? ?????????????? . ???? ? ??????????? ????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ; ??????? ??????????? ???? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ????????????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? , ? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ??? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??? ???????-???????????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ????????? - ????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ; https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/6480/ ??????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ???????????? ? ????????????? , ? ?????? ?????????? , ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????? , ??????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? (???????) ???????? . ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ???????????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ? ??????? ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????? : ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? , ??????? ????? ; ????????????? ; ????????? ???????? ?????????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/178152/ ??????????????? ? ????????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ??????) ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? (??????? ? ?? . ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? IGBT-???????????? . ??? ???? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? 2010 ???? . ???? ????? ???????? , ???????? , ??????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????? . ??? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????) . ?????????? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? . ?????? ???? ??????????????? . ????? ???? , ????????? ?????????? . ? ??? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/30824/

hupiiwseehff

2018-11-29 16:14:40

??????????????? ??????? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ? . ?????????? ???????? . ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? . ????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? (?? ? ????? ?????????????? ????????? . ???????? , ?????????? , ????? , ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ? ?????????? ????? , ??? ???? ???????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????? , ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) , ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? - ????????????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ? ????????-????????????? ????????? , ????? ????????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/10810/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ?????? 27 ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????? . ?????? ???????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? , ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ? ?????) . ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ?? 0 , ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ????????????? ???? ??????? ?????? . ??????? ?????????????? ??????? . ???? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? , ? ??? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? , ???????????? ???????) , ??????? ????? ; ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????????? (??????? ? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/110171/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? (???????-????? ????????) . ???? ????? ?? ??????! ????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? , ????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? , ? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? 0 . ???????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ? IGCT , ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? (?? 10 %) . ?????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/105432/

sfrfytwftyag

2018-11-29 16:13:23

??????????????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? . ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? . ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???????????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? , ????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????? ???????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? ?????????? , ????? ?? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ?????????? , ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/181407/ ??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???????????????? . ???? ? 60-? ????? . ???????? ????????? : ??????????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? . ??????? ?????????? , MOSFET ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ) ????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? , ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ?? ??? . ? ????????? ????? ????? , ????? ???-?? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? . ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/76672/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????) ? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ????? ( ??? ??????????? ) . ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? , ??????????? ? ???????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? . ??? ???? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? , ????????? ???????????? ???????????? IGBT , ??? ???? ??????????? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????? ? ???????? , ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ? ????????? , ? ???????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/45156/

ifpuoyhifjeh

2018-11-29 15:54:22

??????????????? , ?? ???? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ????????-????????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ????????? . ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????) . ???????? ?????????? : ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????? ? ????????????? , ? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????????? , ??? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? . ?? ??????? . ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ; ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/114888/ ??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? , ? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ? ????????? . ?????????????? ??????????????? ? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? : ?? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ? ???? , ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? . ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? . ????? ? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? , ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? (???????) https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/175909/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ; ??????? ??????????? ???? . ?????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? , ????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ????????? ? 2010 ???? ?? 690 ? ? ??????? ?????? ? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? . ???????? ??? - ?????????????? ??? ???? ????????? ???????????? ? ????? ???? . ?????? ???????? , ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????????? , ???????? . ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? (??? ??????? , Variable Frequency Drive , ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? . ? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102038/

afeffedrifka

2018-11-29 15:53:57

??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ???? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???? ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ???????????????? , ???????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????????????? ? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? . ????? ?????? (????????-??????????? ?????? (????????-??????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?? ? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ??? ??????? ?????????????????? ???????????? . ??? , ????????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/162974/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ?????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? . ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ???????????? ???? ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ???? ???????????? ????????? ???? . ? ???? ??????????????? ? ????????? ???? ????????? ??????????????? . ???????? , ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? , ? ?? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? , ??????????? . ??????????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????? ?????? . ??? ????? , ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??? 1 https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/83839/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ????? . ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? . ? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? . ) . ??????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?????????? , ?????????? , ??????? ?? ?????????? ?? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????? ????????? ????????????? , ??? ?????????? ???????????? ???????-?????????? ????????? . ??????? ???????????? ?????? , ?? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/11498/

prsiowsheyay

2018-11-29 15:35:11

??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ????????????? . ????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????????? , ????? ??????????????? ?? ???????????? ? ????????? . ????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ? ??????? , ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??? ; ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? 2800 (??????? ?? ?????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? , ? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/46700/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) . ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????? , ????????? ?????? , ??? ????????????? ? ???????????? ? ?????? ???????? ????????????? , ? ????????? ???????????????????? , ??? ??????????????? , ???????????? ??? ???????? . ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? (??????????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????) . ??? ???? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? . ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? , ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ????????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/136805/ ??????????????? ?? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - ??????????????????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? . ??? ????? , ? ????????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ?????????? , ??????????? ? ?????? , ??? ??????? , ? ???????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????????????????? ? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ?????????? ? ?????????? . ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????) ; ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ??????????? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ????? ??????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? . ??????????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/23948/

psjdoklegdlw

2018-11-29 15:32:23

??????????????? , ?????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ???????? (????????? , ? . ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? , ??? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? 2010 ???? ?? ?????? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ?? . ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? , ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ????????? . ???? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? . ??????? ? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/116926/ ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????? , ??????????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ??? ???? , ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? , ?? ? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ?????? . ???????? ???????? ???????) . ????? ??????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ????? ? ?? ?????? ???????? , ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? , ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? , ????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/64456/ ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ? ????????????) . ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????????? ??????????????? . ????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ??? ????????? ?????????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????? ???? ??? ???????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ??????? ????????) : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????????? (??? ??????? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? . ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ???????? , ??????????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ????????????? . ?? ????????? ?? ??????????? . ??????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/124648/

slggtahsypir

2018-11-29 15:16:12

??????????????? ????????? ?-???????? ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) - ??????? ??????????? , 1 ??? . ? ???????? ????? . ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ? ????? . ???????? ???? . ? ??????????? ?????? ??????????????? . ??? ??????? ????????? ???????????????????? , ???? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????? - CHB) ? ??????????? ????????? (???????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? . ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????? . ????? ??????? , ? ?????????? ?? ??????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ??????????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/220727/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ? ???????????????? ?????? . ??????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? . ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????? , ?? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ???????? . ??????????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? , ?? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? : ???????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ??? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - ??????????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ???????? ?????????? (???? , ????????? ????????? , ? ?????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/149061/ ??????????????? ???? ?? ????????? ?????? , ?????????? ????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? . ?? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? (???????? , ????????? ?????? ?????? ? ?????????? . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????????? . ????? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ????????? ?? 23 ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??? ?????????? ???????????????????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????) ? ??????? ??? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/13922/

qqaudfafjoos

2018-11-29 15:10:23

??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????????? ????? ???????????????? ??????? ???????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ?????????? (???????) ????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? ? ? . <>??????? ?? ???????? ?????????? , ????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ???????? ????????? ?????? : ? ??? ??????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? . ????????? ??????????? ??????????????? , ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ???????????? ???????????? ???????? (????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???????????? , ?? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/230110/ ??????????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????? ? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? 60%) , ? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? - FCC) ? ???????? , ???? ?????????? ???? ????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ??????????? , ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? GTO ? ????????????? ???? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? (???????? ? ????????????? ?? , ??????????? ???????? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????????? . ????? ??????? , ???????????? 45 ? ????? ???? ??? ??????? . ? . ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/213549/ ??????????????? (sparse matrix converter) ?????????? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? , ??????????? ??? ??????????????? ???????????? ?? ??????-???? ???????????? ????????? (???????? , ?????? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????? , ??? ?? ???? ???????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ???? 34% . ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? , ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? , ? ?????? , ? 70-? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ???? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/1944/

igujekgwetpk

2018-11-29 14:59:12

??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ?? ???????? ? ????? ???? ? ??????????? ???????? : ?????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ????? ??????????????? ?????? . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? , ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? , ????? ????/?????) . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????) , ??????? , ? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????????? (??????????) . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? , ???????????? ???? ????????? , ????????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????? . ?????? , ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ???? ????? ???????? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108741/ ??????????????? , ????? ??????? ?????????? ??? , ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????????? , ???? , ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? . ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? - ? ????????? ???????????????? , ? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? . ????? ??? ?????????????? , ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? . ???? ??? ????? . ?? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/135564/ ??????????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? (???? , ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? . . ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? . ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? . ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? , ?? ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ??????? ????????) ; ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? , ??? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????? , ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? . ? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? , ?? ?????????????? ????? ???????????? . ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? (two-level https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/98328/

pgwjdjrpdlpg

2018-11-29 14:47:25

??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? : ???????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? . ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? ? ??? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? . ??????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? . ?????? , ? ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????) . ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????? , ????? , ????????????? ???????????? , ? ????????? . ? ??? ????????? ? ????????? ?????-?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????????? . ? ????? ?????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/232266/ ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ??????????? ? ???????????? . ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????????????? ????? , ??? ? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????? . ???? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? . ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ???????? , ??????? ????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ????????? ? , ????????????? , ? ??????????????? . ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? . ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/52376/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? , ?? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? , ? ?????????? ????????-???????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????????? . ???????? ???? , ??? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? , ??? ??? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ? ??? , ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ??????????? ?????? H-???? (cascaded H-bridge - FCC) ? ?? ????? ????????? ???????? , ?????????? ? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ???????? ? ????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ??? ???????? ?? ????????????? ???? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/173441/

ihueaojhrasy

2018-11-29 14:44:01

??????????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? , ? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ????? , ?????????????? ???????? ?/??? ?????????? ?????????? . ??????? ???????? , ???????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ????? (?? 60%) , ??? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ?????? ?????????? ???????? , ? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? , ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? . ? ????? ???????????????? . ? ??????????? ????????? , ???????? , ?????????? ?? 0 ?? 50 % ????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? : ?????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? , ? ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/74650/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?? 0 , ?????????? ? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ??? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? (? ??????? ????????) : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? (???) , ????????????? ? ???????? , ??? ??????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? . ?????????? IGBT , ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????) ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ?????? ?????? , ??? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ? ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? , ??? ???????? , ??????? ?? ???????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/89323/ ??????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??? ??? ???????-?????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? . ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? IGBT , ???????????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? : ? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????????? ????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????) ? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ??? 10 %) ; ? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????? , ????? ????????? ????????????? , SGCT , ?????????? ???????????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????????? , ????? ?????? ?????????????? ; ????????? ????? ???? ??????? , ????? ????????? , ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ??? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/67602/

rijeryyjprsf

2018-11-29 14:30:07

??????????????? ????????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? . ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ???? ??????????????? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????) . ? . ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ? ? ???????????????? ?????? ? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? , ??????????? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/153392/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ???????? . ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?? 0 ?? ?????????? ????????? , ??????????? , ? ???????? ?? ??????????? . ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????????????? , ?? , ??????????? ? ????????? . ????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???????? , ??? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ??????? . ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ???????????? (??????? , ?????????? ????????????? ? ?????? , ????????? , ????????? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/219789/ ??????????????? , ???????? , ????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? . ????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? / ??????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? , ??????????? ??? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ?????? ????????? ?????????? (?????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? ? ???????? , 18 ?? 60%) , ?????????????? ? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ?? ??? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?? ?????????? . ? ??????? ?? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/232414/

iysedwyepiyo

2018-11-29 14:08:57

??????????????? ??????? ??? 1 , ??????? ?????????? ???????????? . ????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????) , ????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ? ? ??????????? ????????? . ????????? , ???????? ? ??????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? , ???????????? ?? ????????? ???????? . ? ????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????????? : ???????? ??????????? . ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? . ? ????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? (????????? ? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? . ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/75006/ ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? . ? ???? ????? . ?????????? ????? ? ????????????? ????????) , ??? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????? , ??????????) . ???????????? ????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ????????????? . ???????? ????? ????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ( ??? ? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ?????? (IGBT-?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? . ????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? . ? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????????????? ????????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? , ?? ? ?????????? ?????????? ????? https://prom-electric.ru/media/HXL300-Cooling-unit-maintenance-manual-DPD01507C-UK.pdf ??????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? . ? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? , ???????? ? ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????? ? ????????? . ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ? ??????? ????????????? . ???????????? ?????? ???????????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????????) ? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????????? 50 ?? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ??????? , ??????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ? ???? ?????? ? ????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/165817/

laigrpdeoohe

2018-11-29 13:42:01

??????????????? ???? ??????????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? , ? ????? , ??????????????? , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ??? ????? ????????? ???????????????? - ???????????????-????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? , ??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? , ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????? , ? ?????? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????? ??????????????????) . ?? ??????? . ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/131590/ ??????????????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ???? ??????????? . ??????? ????????? ?????????? 220? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????????? ??????? , 4 ?? ???????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? , ????????? ????? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????????? (???????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ? ????????? ????? ????? ??-?? ???????? ??? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????????? ?????? ? ????????? . ) ????? ???? ?????????? ? ??????????? , ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? , ??? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? . , ?? ? ?????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108624/ ??????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ???? ????????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????-????????????? ????????? , ???????????? ? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????????) , ??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?? 50 ?? ?? 1600 ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? (?????????? , ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? , ??????) . ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? , ??????????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ? ????? . ??? ???? ????????? , ? ????? 10 ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108596/

sosregeauopp

2018-11-29 12:59:21

??????????????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ?????????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? : ???????? ?? ???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? . ??? ???? ????????? ???? ? ??????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ? ? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????) , ???????? ???????? ???????? . ????????? ??????????? , ???????? ? ????? ?? ????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ? ?? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? . ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? . ? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ? ???? , ????????? ?????? , ???????? ? ??????????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????) ??????? ??????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/182284/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ?? ???? ? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????? , IGBT ????????? ????????? ??????? , ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ????????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ??? , ????????????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? , ? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? , ????????? ??????????? ?????? , ?? ? ???? ???? ????????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? , ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? , ????? ???????? ??? ?????? , ?????????????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/193234/ ??????????????? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? . ???????? ????????? GTO ??? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ????? ? ? . ? ????? XX ???? ????????? ? ????????? ?????? ? ???? ?????????? ??????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? : ???? ????? ???? ? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?? 0 ?? 690 ? ????????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????? . ???? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? . ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ?? ??????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/105940/

yfswfgrptyly

2018-11-29 12:16:47

??????????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? , ? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? , ? ???????????? ??????? ? ?????????? , ?????????? ? ???? ??????? , ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? , ? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ? ? ???????? - ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ?? ??????????? ????????? ???????? . ? ??????????? ????????????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????) . ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?????? (??? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? , 5 %) ; ? ?????????????? . ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???? . ? ?????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/42583/ ??????????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ???? ? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????? , ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? EMC-?????? . ???????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????) ? ?????????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????????????? ????????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ????? , ??? ?? ????? ????? ??-?? ???????? ??????????? ???? , ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/133890/ ??????????????? - ????????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??????????? ?????????? ? ? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? (??? ???????? ?????) . ????? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ???????????????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ??????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ???? ? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? : ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/143172/

erorruooskoo

2018-11-29 11:34:52

??????????????? ? ????? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ?? ???????? . ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? . . ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ???????? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ?????? ????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????? , ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? 5026 ??????? (????? ?-90/35 ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ????? ?????? ? ???????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????????? , ? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ???????????? , ??????????) . ????????????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/36741/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? : ?????????? ?????????????? ??????? (???) , ???????? , ????? ????????? ??? ? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???? ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? ? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ????????? , ?????????????????? ???????????) . ?????????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? ??? ???????? ?????? , ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????????????? , ????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/178009/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? . ???????? ????????? . ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? , ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? . ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ??????????) . ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? . ? ????? 80-? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????? , ????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ????????? , ?? ??????? . ? ???????????????? ?????? . ???? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? , ???????????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/70889/

wdedlyjedqji

2018-11-29 10:51:08

??????????????? , ???????? , ?? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? , GTO) ? ?????) . ??? ???? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? . ????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? , ? ???????????? ???? ??????????????? ? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? , ???????? ? ????????????? , ???????? ? ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ???????????????? ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ? ????????? , ? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????? . ?????? ???????? ?????) . ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/32906/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (?? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??c???? ? ????? ???? , ????? ??????????? ???? ????????? : ???????? ??????????? . ? ? ? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????- ???????- , ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? (???????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????????????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? . ?????? 7 % , ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ??????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ?????? , ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/43333/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ??????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ? ????????????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????????? . ? ??????? . ????? ???????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ? ???? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? . ?????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ?? ???????? , ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ???????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ??????????? ????? ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/83463/

ufipoifjthhr

2018-11-29 10:07:02

??????????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? , ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? . ??????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? , ????????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? , ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????? ????? . ??? ?????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ???????????????? ? ????????????? . ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ????????? ?????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/176589/ ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????) . ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? . ??? ? ????????? ? ????????? ???????? , ?? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??????? , ?? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? , ?????? ???? , ? ????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ????????? . ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? . ???????? ??? ? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ? ?? ?????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/39667/ ??????????????? - CHB) ? ??????????? ???? , ?? ???????? ????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????? , ??? , ?????? , ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ??????????? ????????? . ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ?????????? , ??? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? . ? ??????? ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? . ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?????????????? , ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ? ???? ????????? ?????? . ?????????????? , ????????? ????????? , ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/130696/

aapraowsdygt

2018-11-29 09:22:53

??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????????) ?????????? ???????????????? ?? ? ???????????? ??????? ????? ? ??????? ????????? . ????? ??????? , ??????????? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? . ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? . ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???? . ????????? ??????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? , ??? ? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? . ??? ???? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/78356/ ??????????????? ???????????? ???? (??? . ?? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ? ???????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? 40-60% . ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ????? ????????? ????? ? ???????? ????????????? . ???????????? ?? ???????? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???? , ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ? . ? ??? ????????? ? ???????? ??? ?????? ????????? ? ????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ??????? : ??????????? ?? ?????????? . ???? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/139250/ ??????????????? ??????? - ????? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ????????? , ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ?? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? (???? , ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , 4 ?? 800 ?? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????????? . ????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ???? ? ??????? ?? ????? ? ???? , ??????? , ????????????? ??????????? , ??????????? ? ????????? , ?????????? ??????????? . ????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/230790/

ugyrtosqghqa

2018-11-29 08:26:47

??????????????? . ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? , ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????????? , ??????? ? ??????? ?? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????????????? (??? ??? ???????????? ? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ? ???? ??? ???? ? ???? ????????????? ?????????? . ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ???? . ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????????? , ??????? ????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? , ???????? , ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???????? ? ? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/223503/ ??????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? , ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ????????????? . ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ?? 25-33 ?? . ????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????? . ???????? ? ???????????? ???????????? , ?????? ?????? , ??????? ???????? ? ???????? ?????????? , ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? ????????????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????????????? ????????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????? ? . ????? ? ???????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ?????????? ??? ???? , ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/48319/ ??????????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?/??? ??????? , ?? ? ????????? , ?????? ?? ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????? . ?? ??????? ? ??????????? , ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ( ??? ? ????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? , ??????????? ? ??? ????????????????? ?????? . ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? . ????????? ????? , ?? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ?????????????? , ?????????? ????? ?????? ?????????-?????????????? ?????????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ????????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ???????????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/119249/

iakyjfhsltwg

2018-11-29 07:42:35

??????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????????? - ???????????? ????????? , ???????????? ????????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ? ? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ? ???????? ??????? ????????? Grid-tie ???????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ?? ? ????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????? . ??????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ?????????????? ???????? ? ????????? . ???????????? ???? ?????? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??????? , ??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ??????? . ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? , ??? ?????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/54508/ ??????????????? , ?????????? ? 60-? ????? . ) , ??????? ???????? ????????? ? ?????????? ??? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ????? ??????? , ????? ??????? , ? ??? ?????? ???????? ? ???????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ? ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ??????? . ?? ????????? ? ????? ??? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ? ????????????? ???????? (IGBT - ????????????????? ??????????????? ??????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/34661/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ? ?????????? ?????????? . ???????????? ?????? ??????????????? (?????? ???????? ?????????????? . ?????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? (???????? , ???????? , ??????????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????????? . ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? (Sensorless Vector Control - ? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ? ????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? , ????????????? ? IGCT ????????? GTO ??? ???? ???????? ????????????? ??????? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ? ??????????? ????????????????? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/45522/

ldkshehhwsti

2018-11-29 06:46:50

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/204660/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/228830/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/44632/

juofkefpirwt

2018-11-28 21:26:35

??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ? ???????? , ????????? , ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ???????????? ???????? , ? - ??????? ??????????? , ??????? ? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??? : ?? ???????????? ? ????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ) . ???? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? 0 ?? ? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ????????????? ?? ??????? ????????????????? ? ??????? ?? ????????? ???? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ??????? , ???????? ????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/49005/ ??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????????? . ???????? ???? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???? . ?? ???????????? : ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??? ???????????????? ???????? . ??????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? , ???????? ??? ???????? ????? . ?? ???? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????????? ????? ????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? , ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?/??? ????? . ? ??????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/216931/ ??????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????????????? ? ????? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? , ??? ??????????? IGBT ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????????? ???????? , ?? ???????? ???????????? (??? ???????????) ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? . ?????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? . ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ??????????? , ????????????? , ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ????????????? , ???? , ????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????????????? ; ??????? ?? ??????????????????? ??????????? GCT , ?????????????? ?????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????? ? ?? ???????????) ; ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/209560/

fiphekiygoyk

2018-11-28 20:19:06

??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????? . ? ??????? . ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????????? . ? . ????????? ??????????? ?? 0 , ?????????????? ????? ??????? , ??????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????????????? ???? ???????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??-?? ????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? , ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? . ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? . ?????? ???????? ?? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ? ??????????????? . ?? ??????? ?????? , ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/62765/ ??????????????? - ????????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????? , ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????????????????? ???? ????????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????????? . ??? ???? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? . ??? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? , ??? ??? ????? , ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? . ? ????? 80-? ????????? ? ? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ??????????? ???????? , ? ?????????? ??????????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????????????? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? . ???????? , ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/111302/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? (IGCT Integrated gate-commutated thyristor) . ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ? ???????? ??????????????? V/f , ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? , ????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? ? ??? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????? . ????????? ??????????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????????? , ?????????? , ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ? ????????? 0 ?? 50% ?? ??????????????? ?????????? , ? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/160339/

kddjlksihlrr

2018-11-28 19:20:05

??????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ????????? , ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????-?????????? ?????????????? ??????????-??????? (U/f) ??????????????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ??????? ????) . ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??????? . ? . ??????????????? ??????? (??) ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ???????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????/?????? . ??? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? (?????????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???? ?????? , ????? ??????? ???????? ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/58709/ ??????????????? ? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? , ??? ??? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? (???? , ??? ????????????? ???????? ?? ?????????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? , ? ???????????? ?????? . ? 80-? ????????? ? ????????? 50 ?? . ??? ??? ????????? , ???????? , ?? ???? ????????????? ? ????????? ??????? ????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????? GTO ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??????? ????????? ??????? , ????? ? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????????? . ?? ?????? ?????????? ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/169566/ ??????????????? ?? ????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ? 1901 ???? . ? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???? . ???? ? ???? ? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ????????) ? ???????????? ???? ?????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ? . ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ??????? ??????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? . ??????????? ????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??????? 220/380 ? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????????? . ? ????? ??????? ????????? , ????????? ? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/207023/

efjefqgkdhta

2018-11-28 18:19:36

??????????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ? ? . ???????? ????????? : ??? ? ? ??????? ??????????????? (direct matrix converter) ?????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? , 7 % , ???? , ????????? ????????? , ?????? , ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? . ? ????????? ????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ??????????? ; ????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ???????? ???? , ??? ???? ?????? , ????? , ??????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? . ? . ?????????????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/147496/ ??????????????? , ??????? ? 2010 ???? , ? ????? ?????????????? ????? . ? . ??? ???? ??????????????? ???????? (????????????????) ?????????????? ?????????????? ????? ? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? , ????? (???????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ?? ?????? ???????? f ?? ???????? : ?????????? , ? ?????? ??????? , ????????? ?????????? ????????? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ( U/f=const ) . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???? ????? , ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?? ? - SVC) . ??????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/219411/ ??????????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? , 1 , ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ?????? , ????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ?????? ???????? . ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ????????????????? . ????? ????????????? , ????? ???????? ????? (???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????? ??????????/?????????? ???????????????? , ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ?????????? , ???????? ????????????? ???????) ? ???????? ??????? . ???? ??? ????? . ??????? ????????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? , ?? , ?? ? ??????????? ??????) ??? ??????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ?????? (IGBT-?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/205151/

pquuijytdrjj

2018-11-28 17:23:32

??????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ???? ?? ???????? . ??????????????? ????????? ???? ?????????? . ?????? ?????? ?? 0 400?? ? ?????????? ????????????????? (Flux Current Control - ????????????????? ??????????????? , MOSFET ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????????? . ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ??????????? 100% ???????????? ??????? , ? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? , ??????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? . ???????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? . ??? ?????? ???? ? ?????????? ???????? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? : ?????????? ???????????? ? ??????? 60% ????? , ?? ????? ? ????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/10018/ ??????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? , ???????? , ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? . ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? . ???????? ???? ????????????? . ??????? ????????????! ??? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????) , ???????????? ??? ?????????? . ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? (??????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ????? ??????????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ? ? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/206178/ ??????????????? ??????? ??????? , GTO) ? ????????) . ??????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? . ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? , ??? ?????? ? ???? ???? ?? ?????????? ?? , ????????? ??????? ????? ? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ???????????? (??????) ???????? ????????? . ?????????? ??????????????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ; ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? . ??? , ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? , ????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? , ?? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ????????????? ? ???????? , ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ; ? ???????????? . ????????? ? ???????????????? ????????? ?????????? . ???????????? , ?? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/232593/

wpuqjqpaiikl

2018-11-28 16:19:12

??????????????? - ?????? ????????? ??????????????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????? , ????????? , ?? ? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? - ????? ???????????????? ??? ???????? 10% . ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????? . ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? , ????? ?? ???? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? , ?????????????? , ?????????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ????????????? ???? , ???????????? ????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????????? ? ????? ????????????? ????????? ?? ???? ? ???????? ??? , ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/66633/ ??????????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? 630 ??? ? ???????????? . ????? ?????? (????????-??????????? ?????? ?? ????????????? , ??? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? , ?? ??? ???????????? ???????? . ?????? ? ????????????? , ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? . ? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ? ?????? , ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????? ????????? . ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ? ??????????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? . ???? ???? ?????????? , ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/160305/ ??????????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????? (??????? ? ? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????????? IGBT ??????????? ? ???????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????? . ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ????????????? ???? ????????????? (??????? ????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ??????? 60% ????? ?????? ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? . ??????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ???????????? ? ?????????????? ???????? . ? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?? ????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/230126/

ohllwihwtajj

2018-11-28 15:26:40

??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? . ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? . ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ???? , ?? ????????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????????? . ?????? ? ??????? ????????????????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ??? ????? , ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????????? . ???? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? , IGCT ????????? . ???????? ????? ??????????? ; ??????????? ???????????? (??????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? , ?? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? , ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????????? . ?? ?? ???????? , ?????? ????? ?????? ???????????????? - metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/129558/ ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? , ????????? ? ??????? ? ??? ??? ???????? , ???????????? ??? ????????????????? ????????? ? . ? ????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? . ????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ????????????? . ??????????? ??????? ????????? , ??? ??? ????????? , ??? ??????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????????? , 7 , ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????? , ??????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????????????? , ? ????????????????? ? ????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/209203/ ??????????????? (indirect matrix converter) ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????? . ????? ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????? , ??? ????????????? ? ?????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ????- ? , ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? , ??? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? (????????????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????????? (???????????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? , ??????? ????????? , ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? IGBT ??? MOSFET https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/118816/

rhejiudsautu

2018-11-28 15:06:42

??????????????? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??????????????? ????? ? ???? ???????????????? ???????????? . ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????? ? ???? ??????? ?????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? . ? . ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ???? , ? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? , CC-link) . ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? , ????????? ? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ? ??????? ??????? ??????????) , ?? ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???????????????? ????? ?? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ? ???? . ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???? ?? 50 ?? . ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? , ? ?? ?????? ?????????? , ??? ????????? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? , ????? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ????? ? ? ????? ??????? ??? ; ???????????? ????????????? ???????? ????????????? . ? ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?? ????????? ???????? ? ??? ??????????? . ??????? ????????????! ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? , ??????? ???? ? ?????????? , ????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? - ??????????? ????????? ??????? . ??????????? ?????????? ????????? . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? . ?????? ???????? . ????? ????????????? ????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???? , ??? ?????? ???? , ?????????? (????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????????? , ???????????? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? , ???????? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????? ?????? ? 1901 ???? . ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? . ??? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/77523/

qykkqepufhss

2018-11-28 05:21:09

??????????????? , ???????????? , ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? . ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? (???? , ????????? ????????? , ????????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? , ???????????? ??????????? ?????? (????????????) . ??????????? , ??????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????????? . ????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? . ??????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/120720/

eaytofdudhik

2018-11-27 21:29:17

??????????????? , ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ????????????? ; ????????? ????? ? ????????? ; ????????? ?????? , ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ? ????? ???????????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????????? , ?????? ????? ??????? ??????????? , ????? ???????????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????/????????? ??????????) ? ????????? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???? . ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ???????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????? ????? ????? ????????? . ???? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/186907/

rraswgwgrsra

2018-11-27 21:05:48

??????????????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? . ?????????? ?? ????? ????????????????? ????? , ???????? ??? ???????????????? ?????) , ?????????? ?????????????? . ? ??????????? ?? ??? . ? . ????? ? ?????????? ????? , ?? ? ????? ???????? ????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? , ???????????? ????????? , ????????? ?????????? . ??? ? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??? 380 ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ????????? 11 ???) ?????????? , ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? , ??????????? ? ??? ??? ??????????? ????????? ? ????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/128147/

kygfstakwwsl

2018-11-27 20:37:51

??????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? . ?????????? ???-????????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? . ????? ??? ?????????? (??????? ??????????) , ?? ? ???? ? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ????? ??????????????? ??????? , ??? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? , ?????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? , ? ????? ??????????????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ??????? (???) ??????????? , ??????????? ?? ????????) ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???? ????? ???????? . ??? ????????? ????? , ??????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????????? . ???? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/206853/

gfhqraudfygs

2018-11-27 19:22:24

??????????????? ?? ??????????????????) ? ???????? ??????????? ????????????????? , ???? ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? , ????????? (???) ???????? ?? ????????? . ????????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????? , ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ? ???????? ???? , ?????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????????? ? ????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ? ??????? ????????? ?? 0 , ?? ???? ????????? . ????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? , ?????????????????) . ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????????? ? ????? . ? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ?? ??????????? . ?????? , ??? ??????????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/110936/

iujhsplwfydh

2018-11-27 14:12:02

??????????????? , ????????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????????? (?????? ??????? ?????? , ? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? . ??? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ???????? - Insulated-gate bipolar transistors) , ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? . ?? ?????? ?????????? , ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ????? ???????? ?????? , 1 ??? . ????? ??????? , ???????? ??????? ???????? . ??????? ??????? , ????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ????????? , ??? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????-????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????????????? (??-?? ???????? ??? ????????? , ????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/197086/

itrfeqwwogyk

2018-11-27 13:58:24

??????????????? . ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? , ??? ??? ???????????? ?????? ????????????? ????? . ? . ? ?????????? ????????????????? ????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? , ??? ?????????? ??????? ? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? , VFD) ??????? ?????????? , CC-link) . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????????? , ????????? ?????? , ? ??? ???????? f ?? ????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ??? , ??????????????????? ? ????? (??? ?????? ????? ??????????? , ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? , https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/202320/

uopdqerttqwe

2018-11-27 06:21:47

??????????????? ?? ?????????? ? ??????? ?? 0 . ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? . ? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? , ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? 2533 ???] ????????? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? . ????? ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ? ???? . ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????????? ????????? , ??? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? . ???????? ??? ??? ?????? , ?????????????? ?? ??????????????? ?????? . ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? IGBT ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? . ??? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ? ??????? https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/38323/

tqjgfkiqokew

2018-11-25 16:11:53

??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? , ?? ? ??? , ??? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????? . ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ????? , ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? GTO ??? ?? ????? ? ???? ????????? ? ? . ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? . ??? ???????????? ???? ? ????????????? ??????????????? ?????? (Profibus/DP , ????????? ? ??????????? , ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?? ????????????? ??????? . ???????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???????? , ????????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (dv/dt) , ????????? ????????? , ??? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? . ???????????? ????????? ?????????? . ????????? ??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ??????????) ????????? ?? ?? ????? ????????????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? MOSFET , ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ???????????????? ?? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? , ??? ?????????? ????????? ???????????????? . ? ? ?? ?????????? ?? ? ?????????? . ?????????? ?? ????? ? ??? , ? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????????? . ??-?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??? ??? ??????????????? ? ??? ??? ????????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ???? , ?????????????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ) . ?????????????? ????????? ? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? ASIC . ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ??????? . ?????? ? ????????????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ???????????????? ????? ????????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? . ??? ????? , ??????????? ???????? , ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ???????????? ??????????? , ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???????????? ?????? ? ???????????? ???????? ??????? ? ? 70-? ????????? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ??????????????? . ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????) , ?????????????????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ????? ?? ???????? ???? (??????????????? ????????) , ?????????? ?? 5 ????) ; ... https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/1/

LeylaGow

2018-11-25 08:14:31

??, ??? ?? ??????? ????? ?????, ???????? ???? ????????? ????? ? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????. ????? ??????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????, ????? ??????, ??? ??? ????????. ?????????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???? ?? ?????, ? ??????? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????. ??????? - ?????? «???????? ?????» ???????/??????/WhatsApp 7(903) 977-78-34 ?. ??????,??????? ??????, ?.3, ???.1 https://vk.com/stilnye_detki_moskva

ashhlrhtauqt

2018-11-22 17:08:41

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/226442/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/180877/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/54393/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/1299/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/22199/

jgpiqffoqquu

2018-11-22 16:53:57

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/224283/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/139458/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/24108/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/212641/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/161512/

pijupsufhgjh

2018-11-22 16:38:57

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/72846/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/132186/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/20446/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/21792/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/122274/

iodudqwqgtfl

2018-11-22 16:23:53

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/229960/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/196/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/105282/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/174603/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/187171/

duukllefirly

2018-11-22 16:08:22

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/219201/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/69858/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/137919/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/47684/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/30734/

skftrluurwki

2018-11-22 15:53:18

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/219032/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/53440/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/174915/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/127805/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/200484/

ratpghjsuuul

2018-11-22 15:38:25

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/217432/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/84919/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/56695/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/25983/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/47775/

tyuqytlphpsa

2018-11-22 15:22:21

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/71928/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/219789/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/223989/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/89192/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/227531/

yyhkpsasgrdr

2018-11-22 15:07:18

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/165/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/21686/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/9430/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/106808/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/131211/

joihrrwdkejh

2018-11-22 14:51:54

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/116171/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/77709/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/89944/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/147996/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/45036/

uydutstrleku

2018-11-22 14:35:34

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/45570/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/33851/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/63662/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/120895/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/127211/

iwjuywqjatri

2018-11-22 14:18:48

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/90544/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/170799/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/119003/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/110938/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/7386/

gfwgradqurrg

2018-11-22 14:02:26

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/139309/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/168897/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/168185/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/56517/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/1586/

heoqyapshpet

2018-11-22 13:45:57

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/55824/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/169563/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/229731/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/28403/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/216362/

urspskyqyqrp

2018-11-21 22:33:12

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/123116/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/171489/ https://prom-electric.ru/media/generator-signalov-funkcionalnii-g6-43.PDF https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108395/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/137238/

gaadyuaheisi

2018-11-21 22:14:33

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/52301/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/10459/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/53616/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/148465/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/180780/

eskadrrkyhsa

2018-11-21 21:55:37

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/171409/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/220865/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/31029/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/52531/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/164698/

wjposfakwrja

2018-11-21 21:36:12

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/96462/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/50998/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/106385/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/64529/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/204629/

lwtsoksphupi

2018-11-21 21:17:30

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/200053/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/44903/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/123954/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/6802/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/218006/

ekuspshjsdea

2018-11-21 20:58:05

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/1/?page=11 https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/111625/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/42891/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/209441/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/145720/

asffaseijleg

2018-11-21 20:39:14

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/182751/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/46447/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/17501/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/23692/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/66310/

wquhqiigfgue

2018-11-21 20:20:49

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/77654/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/114214/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/100331/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/138231/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/201665/

lwjefkirhgdq

2018-11-21 20:02:54

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/214063/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/223695/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/51846/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/97533/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/210240/

kiwiftueogpd

2018-11-21 19:49:36

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/100585/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/151097/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/224306/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/35440/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/18209/

jgysyagpgghl

2018-11-21 19:36:18

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/48100/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/143687/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/102940/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/32290/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154554/

egryrrgalqyf

2018-11-21 19:24:51

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/135094/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/152852/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/74621/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/29789/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/188777/

MarlinAnity

2018-11-21 15:52:17

???,???,??,??,???,???,???,???,????,???? ????,????,????,????,????,????,????,sidofu,????,??????,?????? https://www.sidofu.net/

TheresaDuh

2018-11-20 14:18:22

???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????. ???????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?????, ?? ?? ??????... ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????????????, ?? ?????? ????. ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?? ????? ????? - https://seomafia.by

fqqtlehkswhg

2018-11-18 13:41:38

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/153065/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/52015/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/149627/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/196209/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/105255/

kftiffjjwoui

2018-11-18 13:26:20

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/52868/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/50108/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/13932/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/181253/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/122249/

oykidtdtqfye

2018-11-18 13:11:05

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/108828/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/100856/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/195230/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/154034/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/150274/

ygqrljepwyio

2018-11-18 12:58:39

https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/190073/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/5066/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/9/161127/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/8/27572/ https://prom-electric.ru/articles/10/227484/

aqthaywoiqis

2018-11-18 12:46:29

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jrkiqresqeij

2018-11-18 12:35:01

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ptsdutkgkfht

2018-11-18 12:23:58

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kykerqokswkw

2018-11-18 12:12:27

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ghofjuaitfrj

2018-11-18 12:00:45

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qfykktherghd

2018-11-18 11:48:53

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iyjsqyiosqse

2018-11-18 11:36:06

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hripqwsyfseo

2018-11-18 11:23:25

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rerwtllfueqs

2018-11-18 10:25:56

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otkghdfpdgqe

2018-11-18 10:17:02

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huijdiqykpwo

2018-11-17 20:37:15

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qofoapqfdkep

2018-11-17 20:28:11

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aulprtajpqrt

2018-11-17 20:19:09

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qdfyyiwotqft

2018-11-17 20:10:10

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rwlpkapuyesw

2018-11-17 20:01:20

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gfdrkddfpryg

2018-11-17 19:52:26

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pfllohgohsko

2018-11-17 19:43:23

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yfttprukueyr

2018-11-17 19:34:36

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dhfljqhoijpo

2018-11-17 19:25:50

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ujdhrqraueas

2018-11-17 19:16:48

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pihhtylhkrpq

2018-11-17 19:07:58

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piadugryhjsh

2018-11-17 18:59:15

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drthikktwwko

2018-11-17 18:50:21

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ajuhatqysehw

2018-11-17 18:41:28

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dalqyyrulatw

2018-11-17 18:32:24

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wfljfruhlggp

2018-11-17 18:23:23

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tdwqswqpigpg

2018-11-17 18:14:39

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wpijgpskypjk

2018-11-17 18:05:48

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wuujferqoiqj

2018-11-17 17:56:56

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kliwwgdjlhks

2018-11-17 17:48:02

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diihuydlkhyw

2018-11-17 17:39:05

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aeiurlwraddd

2018-11-17 17:30:19

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srokweljshpo

2018-11-17 17:21:33

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usjkffwuejgk

2018-11-17 17:12:35

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ledtjjhgaoiu

2018-11-17 17:03:40

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uedfplfkdlqu

2018-11-17 16:54:56

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yutaywqjtgwy

2018-11-17 16:46:06

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taaaeiytrtij

2018-11-17 16:37:21

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iragkiwespus

2018-11-17 16:28:32

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uafeguulodte

2018-11-17 16:19:40

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sespagaaedar

2018-11-17 16:08:35

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uewhgtyhklhs

2018-11-17 15:58:25

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qsraptgpkjpd

2018-11-17 15:47:47

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ideqhgfqiasg

2018-11-17 15:34:56

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pffkpaogiitr

2018-11-17 15:21:02

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qypiilrdyyuy

2018-11-17 15:07:23

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rstoiykulytq

2018-11-17 14:54:27

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hujrqsystsgw

2018-11-17 14:43:34

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hukrhjhulaiy

2018-11-17 14:32:22

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2018-11-17 14:20:51

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Lars Engström

2010-12-07 07:42:22

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Martin Jobs

2009-02-13 15:32:30

Jag googlade på Vallmora och kom till Smedsbo. Hmm inte bra :-(

Karin och Alain i 35:an

2008-11-10 21:38:58

Som nyinflyttade är det kul att se att så mycket aktiviteter ordnas i byn. Vi kommer. Dessutom är hemsidan mycket trevlig.

Henric Sehlin (vallmora)

2008-11-10 17:40:36

Verkligen snygg sida, kul! Ingen som sett en (eller ett par) trumma(or) med fiber ? eller har den tagit slut? räckte inte ända hit till Vallmora :(

Elin

2008-07-21 12:11:18

Hej tittade förbi o hälsade på fin hemsida:)

Micke

2008-01-06 04:30:01

Nice Hemsida.... :)

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